Reports Landing Page
Reports Landing Page © Dr. Makete Lab

Can people and nature thrive together? Our science says yes.

Download and view our latest research and real-world solutions to some of the planet’s most pressing issues today, including climate change, food and water security, and city growth.

2022

  • A Recipe for Impact

    March 2022

    Key Ingredients for Companies to Drive Measurable Impact in Watershed Health

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  • Hurricane Damages to Mangrove Forests

    March 2022

    Severe storms can damage mangroves which deliver much-needed coastal resilience to communities. TNC, UNAM, & CINVESTAV document the threats to mangroves, techniques to restore mangroves, and costs of restoration to evaluate the potential use of mangrove insurance to protect/restore these assets.

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  • Article 6 Answers to Common Questions

    January 2022

    This TNC-produced summary reflects on UNFCCC COP26 progress in setting rules for international cooperation through carbon markets, also known as “Article 6.” More information: Article 6 Answers to Common Questions

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  • Bioeconomy in the State of Pará (Full Report)

    February 2022

    In the State of Pará, Brazil, the diversity of the flora contributes to the economy and keeping forests standing is more profitable than cutting them down. This is the first study of the whole value chain of biodiversity in a State.

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  • Bioeconomy in the State of Pará (Exec. Summary)

    Februrary 2022

    The executive summary of the report 'Socio-biodiversity Bioeconomy in the State of Pará' Download the Executive Summary in Spanish

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2021

  • Comparative Analysis of Risks to Coral Reefs

    December 2021

    Report: Comparative Analysis of Risks Faced by the World's Coral Reefs More information: Reef Resilience Network

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  • Natural Climate Solutions Handbook

    October 2021

    A technical guide for assessing nature-based mitigation opportunities in countries More information on Natural Climate Solutions

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  • Foodscapes: Toward Food System Transition

    October 2021

    New ways of envisioning, managing and implementing the transitions necessary for the full-scale transformation of our global food system More information

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  • The Playbook for Climate Finance

    October 2021

    The Playbook for Climate Finance presents innovative strategies that can help fund the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions as well as adaptive measures for climate-vulnerable communities around the world. More information

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  • Biodiversity Net Gain in England

    October 2021

    This paper seeks to support the development and implementation of England’s biodiversity net gain (BNG) policy. It provides a framework that can help other countries exploring biodiversity offset markets.

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  • Measuring Corporate Watershed Projects

    August 2021

    This report focuses on measuring and evaluating the impact of corporate watershed projects.

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  • Biodiversity Action Guide

    July 2021

    There’s no shortage of strategies available to create a nature-positive planet now—our downloadable guide shows how to translate ambition into action. Read the Feature

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  • Global Risk of River Flooding

    June 2021

    New research identifies regions of greatest climate-driven river flood risk to human lives and food production globally, calling for urgent acceleration of investment in nature-based adaptation plans. Download the Executive Summary

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  • Eligibility Requirements for REDD+ Standards

    June 2021

    This report provides an overview of six REDD+ standards, as well as the sources of finance for which they are eligible. Our goal is to simplify the understanding of various standards, funding sources, and markets for REDD+ in order to facilitate access to REDD+ finance.

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  • The Blue Guide to Coastal Resilience

    June 2021

    This guide helps disaster risk reduction planners use nature based solutions to reduce coastal community vulnerability and exposure to climate-related disasters and increase environmental, economic, and social benefits for people. More information

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  • Sustainable Water Impact Fund: 2020 Impact Report

    May 2021

    The Sustainable Water Impact Fund (SWIF) seeks to demonstrate new ways of investing in land and water assets that deliver meaningful conservation outcomes. The SWIF annual Impact Report offers investors, the conservation community, and other stakeholders insights to educate and inspire.

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  • Nesting REDD+

    March 2021

    Pathways to Bridge Project and Jurisdictional Programs: This report examines current financial approaches to reduce emissions from deforestation through offsetting, and offers case studies and lessons learned to unlock more finance to protect forests in the future.

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  • Benefit Accounting of NBS for Watersheds

    March 2021

    This report provides guidance on how to account for the benefits of nature-based solutions, helping users identify and account for the stacked water, carbon, and biodiversity benefits provided by these solutions and additional socio-economic benefits accrued. More information

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  • The World’s Forgotten Fishes

    February 2021

    The report highlights the world’s forgotten freshwater fishes, of which one-third now face extinction. More information

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2020

  • Resilient European Cities

    December 2020

    Nature-Based Solutions for Clean Water More information

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  • Food & Nature Digest

    November 2020

    Accelerating the Green Recovery: The global market analysis takes a closer look at environmental sustainability in the food, beverage and agricultural sectors. More information

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  • Insurance for Natural Infrastructure

    November 2020

    Assessing the feasibility of insuring coral reefs in Florida and Hawai‘i More information

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  • NDC Transparency Guidance for Developing Nations

    November 2020

    This report clarifies reporting requirements for nationally determined contributions, as defined by the Katowice Climate Package established at UNFCCC COP 24.

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  • COVID-19 Response and Recovery

    October 2020

    A joint NGO policy paper outlining recommendations for COVID-19 Response and Recovery through nature-based solutions

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  • Financing Nature

    September 2020

    We need $700 billion/yr to reverse the global biodiversity crisis—but we can get nearly halfway there with no new funding. This report from the Paulson Institute, The Nature Conservancy & the Cornell Atkinson Center for Sustainability reveals 9 critical actions to close the nature funding gap. More information

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  • Mapping Carbon Accumulation Potential

    September 2020

    from Global Natural Forest Regrowth (Read on Nature) More information

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  • N4C: Nature-Positive Recovery

    July 2020

    A nature-positive recovery for people, economy and climate includes principles for investing in nature-based jobs and initiatives to stimulate the post-COVID economy. More information

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  • Lifting Off: Analysis of Potential Carbon Offsets

    June 2020

    This report analyzes the opportunities and challenges of carbon offset credits for the international airline industry, and the role natural climate solutions can play to help reduce overall emissions. More information

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  • Clean and Green Energy Pathways Report

    May 2020

    The Nature Conservancy describes six critical ways to help governments, corporations and lenders accelerate our clean energy buildout while preserving natural lands, increasing local benefits for communities, and reducing wildlife impacts. More information

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  • Investing in Nature for European Water Security

    January 2020

    This report outlines a strategic vision to mobilise greater investments in nature address Europe’s outstanding water security challenges. More information

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  • Private Finance for Nature-Based Resilience

    January 2020

    This report aims to capture qualitative measurement of the positive momentum being built with market-based solutions to protect and improve natural capital. More information

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2019

  • Playbook for Climate Action

    November 2019

    Five ways to spark global, multisector change for the planet right now More information

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  • Guide to Including Nature in NDCs

    September 2019

    A checklist of information and accounting approaches for natural climate solutions.

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  • Guide to Including Nature in NDCs: Spanish

    September 2019

    Una Guía Para Incluir La Naturaleza en Las Contribuciones Determinadas a Nivel Nacional: A checklist of information and accounting approaches for natural climate solutions [en Español]

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  • Agroideal Annual Report 2019

    June 2019

    How Agroideal is helping take food production in Brazil to a higher level of sustainability and profitability. (em português)

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  • Connected & Flowing

    May 2019

    How the world can tackle the intertwined challenges of climate change, energy development and habitat protection.

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  • Towards a Blue Revolution

    May 2019

    A guide from TNC & Encourage Capital on impact investing in sustainable aquaculture.

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  • Nature-Based Solutions in the Private Sector

    April 2019

    This white paper provides guidance to companies looking to adopt and scale nature-based solutions within their organizations.

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  • Protect Source Waters: Africa

    March 2019

    Building the foundation for increasing investment in source water protection across Africa: 2019-2025

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  • The Paris Agreement, Carbon Pricing & NCS

    March 2019

    This report examines natural climate solutions in the context of carbon finance, corporate investment and land sector offsets.

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2018

  • Role of Jurisdictional Tropical Forest Programs

    December 2018

    Multi-stakeholder jurisdictional programs can accelerate sustainability transitions in tropical forest landscapes. More information

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  • Nature in the Urban Century

    November 2018

    A global assessment of where and how to conserve nature for biodiversity and human wellbeing. More information

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  • The Science of Sustainability

    October 2018

    Exploring a unified path for development and conservation. More information

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  • Soil at The Nature Conservancy

    October 2018

    A Shared Science Agenda: Priorities and Activities

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  • Innovative Finance for Resilient Coasts

    October 2018

    This briefing paper, prepared in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme, considers how scaled up investments in coastal areas can build up community resilience.

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  • Carbon Market Incentives

    September 2018

    Soils play can play a major role climate mitigation, but they have largely been missing from carbon markets. More information

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  • Catalyzing the Growth of EM in Fisheries

    September 2018

    Opportunities, barriers and recommendations for scaling electronic monitoring in fisheries.

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  • Envisioning a Great Green City

    June 2018

    View The Nature Conservancy's vision for a sustainable urban century. More information

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  • Strong Voices, Active Choices

    June 2018

    The Nature Conservancy's practitioner framework to strengthen outcomes for people and nature. More Information

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  • Sustainable Land Bonds

    March 2018

    Report on how governments can finance climate commitments and strengthen rural economies. More Information

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  • The Business of Planting Trees

    January 2018

    A new report details some of the growing investment opportunities in restoring degraded land. More information

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2017

  • Unleashing the full potential of natural climage solutions.

    Lands of Opportunity

    November 2017

    An exploration of strategies for implementing natural climate solutions around the world. More information

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  • Mainstreaming Nature-based
Approaches in Comprehensive Flood
Risk Management

    The Path to a Safe and Sustainable Future

    PDF

    An examination of how to mainstream nature-based approaches in comprehensive flood risk management.

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  • Environmental Markets and Stream Barrier Removal Report - An exploration of opportunities to restore freshwater connectivity through existing mitigation programs

    Environmental Market for Stream Barrier Removal

    October 2017

    This report explores opportunities provided by existing regulatory programs in the United States to improve stream health through the removal of these barriers to aquatic connectivity. More information

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  • An Analysis of Fiance and Poolicy Actions to Enable Tree Planting for Public Health

    Funding Trees for Health

    September 2017

    An analysis by The Nature Conservancy on finance and policy actions to enable tree planting for public health. More information

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  • Case studies in global agriculture practices.

    Smarter Agricultural Practices

    September 2017

    Case studies on sustainable agricultural practices around the world.

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  • Case studies from TNC's global agriculture work.

    Global Agriculture Projects

    September 2017

    Case studies from TNC's global agriculture work.

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  • How system-scale planning and management of hydropower
can yield economic, financial and environmental benefits.

    The Power of Rivers: A Business Case

    May 2017

    A new report—produced in partnership with McGill University, The University of Manchester and PSR—brings decision makers a first-of-its-kind global analysis to help yield better economic, social and environmental outcomes in hydropower planning and management.

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  • Assessing the Return on Investment in Watershed Conservation

    Assessing the Return on Investment in Watershed Conservation

    March 2017

    Study explores Brazil’s Camboriú River Watershed. Also available in Portuguese and Spanish. More information

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  • Perspectives from our global and regional leaders on the most pressing issues facing people and the planet.

    The Biggest Environmental Challenges of 2017

    February 2017

    Perspectives from our global and regional leaders on the most pressing issues facing people and the planet. More information

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  • State of Private Investment in Conservation 2016: A Landscape Assessment of an Emerging Market

    State of Private Investment in Conservation

    January 2017

    Sponsored by NatureVest and JPMorgan Chase & Co., this report provides a landscape assessment of an emerging private investment market.

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  • Beyond The Source - The environmental, economic and community benefits of source water protection.

    Beyond The Source

    January 2017

    New report analyzes 4,000 cities to demonstrate the health, climate and biodiversity benefits of source water protection. More information

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2016

  • Progress Report Towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets

    December 2016

    New analysis shows that countries are behind in meeting goals for biodiversity conservation. More information

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  • Coastal and island countries have an opportunity to take their blue carbon ecosystems into account when considering their national level climate actions.

    Coastal Blue Carbon Ecosystems: Opportunities for Nationally Determined Contributions

    November 2016

    Coastal countries have an opportunity to take their blue carbon ecosystems into account when considering their national level climate actions. More information

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  • A roadmap for collective action to secure the conservation and econonmic benefits of healthy soils.

    reThink Soil Roadmap

    November 2016

    A new report by The Nature Conservancy, supported by General Mills, quantifies the value of soil health across the croplands of the United States. More information

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  • Planting Healthy Air Report - A global analysis of the role of urban trees in addressing particulate matter pollution and extreme heat.

    Planting Healthy Air

    October 2016

    The report shows that even a conservative global investment in urban trees can save tens of thousands of lives. More information

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  • Report Cover - Strong Voices, Active Choices (2016)

    Strong Voices, Active Choices (2016)

    October 2016

    Indigenous peoples and local communities are vital leaders in the pursuit of lasting solutions to the world’s most pressing conservation and development challenges. More information

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  • Using water markets and impact investment to drive sustainability.

    Water Share Report

    August 2016

    This report explores the potential for water markets and impact investment to serve as part of the solution to global water scarcity. More information

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  • Sub-Saharan Africa's Urban Water Blueprint

    Sub-Saharan Africa's Urban Water Blueprint

    August 2016

    Assessing the potential for watershed conservation to benefit cities, rural livelihoods and nature across 30 large cities in Sub-Saharan Africa. More information

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  • This is the largest collection to date of information about the economic, social and cultural values of coastal and marine habitats from all over the world.

    Atlas of Ocean Wealth

    June 2016

    This Atlas represents the largest collection to date of the economic, social and cultural values of coastal and marine habitats globally. More information

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  • Improving Hydropower Outcomes: An Example from Myanmar

    May 2016

    This report demonstrates a framework that could be applied in Myanmar and worldwide to change the trajectory of water resource development. More information

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  • China Urban Water Blueprint

    April 2016

    The China Urban Water Blueprint analyzes the state of the 135 surface water sources tapped by the country’s 30 largest and fastest growing cities. More information

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  • Guidelines for Measuring and Valuing the Coastal Protection Services of Mangroves and Coral Reefs.

    Managing Coasts with Natural Solutions

    February 2016

    These "Guidelines for Measuring and Valuing the Coastal Protection Services of Mangroves and Coral Reefs" seek to reorient the cost-benefit analysis between built, or “gray infrastructure”, and “green infrastructure”—based on environmental processes. More information

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2015

  • Global Lands Report

    December 2015

    This report by The Nature Conservancy looks at how development and conservation can work in tandem to help society make better choices on how we use our lands. More information

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  • A World at Risk: Global Development Risk Assessment

    October 2015

    A first-of-its-kind assessment identifies the most at-risk regions in the world for habitat conversion. More information

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  • Finding balance between energy and conservation in hydropower development.

    The Power of Rivers Report

    August 2015

    This report explores the potential for achieving balanced outcomes from hydropower development that works for people and nature. More information

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  • REDD+

    Early Lessons from Jurisdictional REDD+

    January 2015

    This report reinforces the idea that with the appropriate investment and stakeholder support, low emissions development programs have the potential to become models of forest-friendly development around the world. More information

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  • Sharing the Benefits of REDD+

    January 2015

    This report looks at the full set of opportunities to generate benefits from REDD+ for local communities and other stakeholders. More information

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2014

  • Urban Water Blueprint

    Urban Water Blueprint

    November 2014

    The Urban Water Blueprint report analyzes the state of water in cities around the world and offers cost-effective solutions to improve water quality. More information

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  • This 2014 report documented the first-ever survey of conservation impact investing and revealed a market of approximately $23 billion between 2009-2014.

    Investing in Conservation: A Market Assessment

    November 2014

    This first-of-its-kind report reveals a conservation investing market of approximately $23 billion across just the last five years, and finds that investments in this space are expected to more than triple over the next five years. More information

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  • coastal Risks and Resilence

    Coasts at Risk

    July 2014

    An assessment of coastal risks and the role of environmental solutions. More information

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