Kitty Todd Nature Preserve

The Nature Conservancy's 1,000-acre Kitty Todd Preserve is a centerpiece of the Oak Openings Region.

Ohio’s earliest European settlers found the sandy soils of the Oak Openings Region to be unfit for growing crops, but it didn’t take botanists long to figure out that this ‘sand country’ was unparalleled in the state for the propagation of rare and wild plants.

The 130-square-mile Oak Openings Region is a complex of oak savanna and wet prairie that developed on sand and clay deposited by glacial Lake Warren, the ancient predecessor of present day Lake Erie. The combination of porous sandy soils of the former beach ridges and an impervious clay layer beneath those soils creates an unforgiving environment that fluctuates from flooding in the spring to arid in midsummer.

The Nature Conservancy’s 1,000-acre Kitty Todd Preserve is a centerpiece of the Oak Openings Region and is a model of land management practices for the region.  The Nature Conservancy is very active in the Green Ribbon Initiative, an important regional partnership of conservation groups working together to protect the natural beauty and biological diversity of the Oak Openings region.

You play a critical role in restoring this magnificent landscape when you support our work

Current Conservation Work

Residential and industrial development in the area is accelerating, resulting in habitat loss and fragmentation.  The region also has suffered from cessation of natural disturbances such as fire and changes in hydrology caused by drainage ditches and filled wetlands.  The Conservancy has been working to combat these threats through land acquisition, education, and restoration efforts. 

  • In 2007 the Conservancy restored 100 acres of wet prairie at Kitty Todd Preserve. 
  • First Published in 2004, and updated in 2016, "Living in the Oak Openings; A Homeowner's Guide to one of the World's Last Great Places" helps landowners restore unique habitats.
  • In 2003, the Kitty Todd Preserve began taking part in a statewide butterfly monitoring program to identify the abundance of Ohio’s rare and common butterflies.
  • In 1998 the preserve was selected as the first location for the reintroduction of the Karner blue butterfly, an endangered species whose caterpillar will feed only on wild blue lupine, which thrives at Kitty Todd.
  • Because most Oak Openings species are dependent on frequent disturbance, especially fire, the Conservancy routinely employees specific management techniques such as prescribed burning and mowing to control woody succession.
  • The Conservancy and the partners of the Green Ribbon Initiative educate the public and landowners through Blue Week, an annual spring event that offers hikes, lectures, and family events.
  • In 2017, The Nature Conservancy completed its Salamander Flats Wetland Restoration Project, which returned former farm fields to a habitat type that ecologists call lake plain wet prairie.  The project earned funding through the EPA's Great Lake Restoration Initiative because it not only provides habitat for rare species, but also captures and stores sediment and fertilizers.  Within months of the restoration, species like western chorus frogs and marsh birds began visiting the property to use the space for breeding and foraging.


Kitty Todd Preserve - Video

The Nature Conservancy's Kitty Todd Preserve is the centerpiece of the web of unique and globally rare habitats that create the Oak Opening region.

Kitty Todd Prescribed Burn

Videographer Shawn Rames captured a burn via drone, creating a unique perspective of this important land management tool.

What You’ll See

Kitty Todd Preserve is composed of low-lying wetlands and windblown sand dunes populated by prairie, oak savanna, woodland and forest in a rural suburban area.

Home to the globally endangered black oak savanna community, the preserve has one of the highest concentrations of rare species of any nature preserve in the state. Notable species include the lark sparrow, Karner blue butterfly and wild lupine.

Things to do
  • The preserve is open to the public for hiking, wildlife-watching, volunteering...
  • An easy 3-mile loop trail guides visitors through several different habitats unique to northwest Ohio.
  • Guided hikes are scheduled every first Saturday of the month (May through October)
  • Find out how to become a volunteer.
  • Kitty Todd is a stop along the new Lake Erie Birding Trail.  See what other sites are on the route.
Download and view the Kitty Todd Nature Preserve Trail Map and Guide 



Kitty Todd Preserve is open to the public Monday through Friday, 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. and the first weekend of the month from May through October.  


From Interstate 475 on the west side of Toledo:
- Exit at Airport Highway (State Route 2), traveling west toward the Toledo Express Airport
- Turn right (north) on Eber Road
- Eber Road dead ends into Old State Line Road
- Turn left onto Old State Line Road 
- Follow the signs to the preserve office and parking lot at 10420 Old State Line Road.


Have you been to this preserve? Are you thinking of visiting? See what others are saying about their experiences and add your comments below.

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