The Age of Nature

How we choose to live with nature will determine our future.

a collage of landscape, underwater, and animal photos with a silhouette of a woman against a black background
Age of Nature Photo credit (clockwise from top) ©: Guilherme Gomes de Mesquita/TNC Photo Contest 2019; Mikhail Petersen/500PX; Henning Manninga/TNC Photo Contest 2019; Tyler Schiffman/TNC Photo Contest 2019; Erik Von Weber/Getty

bold black text that reads The Age of Nature
Explore humanity’s relationship with nature and wildlife, as scientists and conservationists from all over the world examine ways we can restore our planet.

two logos, a blue PBS logo on the left and The Nature Conservancy logo on the right


“How we live with nature now will determine our future.”

This line, from the opening sequence of the documentary series The Age of Nature, underscores the complex, interdependent connection between people and nature that persists today.

The three-part series, produced by Brian Leith in consultation with The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and airing on PBS, demonstrates how much we rely on the natural world, how we’ve changed it—and how our ability to change our relationship with nature today could determine our survival.

The Age of Nature: Extended Preview (1:34) Explore humanity’s relationship with nature and wildlife, as scientists and conservationists from all over the world examine ways we can restore our planet.

Too often nature is presented either as a far-off place untouched by humans, or a victim of human predations. It’s wolves stalking prey through a stark landscape, or a polar bear floating on fragments of a rapidly melting ice sheet. Rarely do we bear witness to stories of humanity thriving with nature—or of the consequences that humanity faces when we fail to ensure that the rest of nature thrives alongside us.

But while it’s true that human actions can degrade the planet, it’s equally true that we can restore it. Species can rebound from the brink of extinction; bare landscapes can be reforested and fragmented rivers reconnected. TNC is working with communities around the world to protect and restore the natural landscapes that they—that we all—depend on.

Indeed, we are learning that nature is incredibly powerful and resilient. And while we face unprecedented challenges today to protect nature, as The Age of Nature shows, our place on a further-degraded planet should be equally worrying. What we choose to do now, how we live and work with nature, will determine humanity’s future.


a collage of photos showing vegetables, fish, a river, a handful of soil and crops in the ground, against a black background
Age of Nature: Awakening Photo credit (L to R): Thomas Gamstaetter, ©Kevin Arnold, Dan Roizer, Gabriel Jimenez, Adrian Infernus

We like to think of humanity as independent and innovative; the human spirit forging the way for societal evolution throughout the centuries. Yet so many of the technologies we create are essentially replicating what nature gives us for free.

Abundant food, clean air and water, a temperate climate—these essentials of human life are the product of nature’s complex engineering. But because these things are free, too often we take them for granted.

North Atlantic Cod Fisheries (4:40) The seemingly boundless cod fisheries of the North Atlantic provided food and employment for generations—until overfishing nearly wiped out these fish and the economies that depended on them.

There’s perhaps no better example than how we’ve treated the ground beneath our feet. The industrial farming practices developed to feed growing populations have degraded the health of our soil in ways that impact both wildlife and food production.

But adopting regenerative practices, like reduced or no-tillage planting and the use of cover crops, can restore the complex soil biology that’s key to long term crop production—while also reducing greenhouse gas emissions and nutrient runoff. It’s a win for farmers, for wildlife and for the climate.

a collage of photos showing scenes from Cape Town, South Africa, including a worker scaling a mountain, landscape scenes, and a water spigot, against a black background
Age of Nature: Understanding Photo credit (L to R): ©Roshni Lodhia (1-3), John O'Nolan, ©Nick Hall

When Cape Town, South Africa faced the prospect of taps running dry in 2018, the culprit was not drought alone—thirsty invasive trees, originally introduced to provide timber, were draining the aquifer that the city relies on for its water supply. Removing invasive species and restoring the natural watershed landscape has ensured more reliable water flows.

Cape Town's Water Fund (6:08) In 2018, Cape Town, South Africa faced the prospect of taps run dry. One cause—thirsty invasive trees. These are the people fighting back.

This is just one example of a “water fund”—investments in the conservation and restoration of landscapes that filter the water used by communities downstream.

Another example of this model can be seen in Santa Fe, New Mexico, where the Rio Grande and its tributaries supply water for 1 million people—nearly half of the state’s population. In recent years severe wildfires and subsequent erosion filled the river with ash and sediment, causing water treatment disruptions. By restoring forest land upstream, downstream communities benefit from reduced fire risk, better water quality, and a healthier habitat for fish and other wildlife.

a collage of photos showing forest scenes, a sea turtle, a bumblebee, and a chameleon's eye, against a black background
Age of Nature: Changing Photo credit (L to R): Daniel Gaffey, Aaron Burden, David Troeger, S.N. Pattenden, Sandy Millar

No matter how beautiful and green, a lone tree can never be a forest; and likewise, a single country cannot solve climate change. Even Bhutan, the world’s only carbon-negative country—where dense forests absorb more greenhouse gases that the nation emits—is not safe from the threats posed by the changing climate.

Challenges like climate change and biodiversity loss are complex and global in scale—and so are the solutions that are required. Yet even as temperatures rise, many countries continue to clear or degrade their natural lands; in 2016 alone, 29.7 million hectares of forests were cleared—an area the size of Italy.

The 2015 Paris Agreement set a global goal for tackling climate change, but reaching this goal will require increased commitments from every country on the planet.

Episode 03 Clip (2:29) Bhutan is the only carbon negative country in the world—it absorbs more carbon in its dense forest cover than it emits. But climate change-induced glacial melt poses an existential threat to the country.

But while no country can stop global warming alone, Bhutan is among those that are demonstrating how it can be done.

In fact, protecting and restoring forests, wetlands, grasslands and other habitats could provide up to a third of the emission reductions needed to prevent catastrophic temperature increases.

Increased investment in these natural climate solutions, along with an accelerated transition to a carbon-free economy, offers our best opportunity to realize a future where people and nature thrive.

The Way Forward

2020 was supposed to be a "super year for nature," with important new agreements to halt biodiversity loss and hold nations accountable for climate goals.

The COVID-19 pandemic has delayed those discussions—but that doesn’t mean we can’t take action. If anything, the global pandemic has further showed how intertwined and dependent we are on nature—and that while tackling big problems collectively is extremely difficult, it IS possible.

Indeed, there are new signs of hope—more than 70 nations have now signed a 10-point pledge to halt the destruction of nature. Perhaps this is also the sign of renewed understanding that the future of humanity depends on our ability to live with nature—that, in fact, we are central to this Age of Nature.

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