Places We Protect

Vina Plains Preserve


Lush grasslands with seasonally occurring vernal pools and wildflowers comprise this view of the Dye Creek and Vina Plains Preserves
Vina Plains Preserve Lush grasslands with seasonally occurring vernal pools and wildflowers comprise this view of the Vina Plains Preserve. © Clinton Smith

Annual grasslands and vernal pools distinguish the Vina Plains.



The Vina Plains is an excellent example of California annual grasslands and vernal pools on the upper terrace of the Sacramento Valley. The shallow soils are underlain by an impervious, rocky hardpan formed by volcanic mudflows a million or more years ago. Subsequent erosion has scoured out shallow depressions that fill with water during the rainy season. Because of the impermeable subsoil, the water remains until it is lost by evaporation late in the spring. These temporary ponds support a wide variety of plants, crustaceans, snails, flatworms and insects. During winter the ponds attract legions of waterfowl and shorebirds. Songbirds such as meadowlarks and horned larks nest in the grasslands and raptors can be viewed hunting overhead.

Why TNC Selected This Site  

The Vina Plains vernal pools are some of the best remaining in California. Although once common in the Central Valley and other parts of the state, vernal pools have been reduced to less than 5% of their original range and are now one of California's most threatened natural communities.

What TNC Has Done/Is Doing

Vina Plains is a key property in The Nature Conservancy's Lassen Foothills Project. Vina Plains forms the western boundary of  the project, which includes large connected grasslands, wildflower fields, oak woodlands, streamside forests and native fisheries. The Lassen Foothills project area features some of the state's best remaining salmon runs and is home to the largest herd of migratory deer in California.

Vina Plains offers an outdoor classroom for students and researchers alike and the public may visit on any of several organized annual tours. Each spring TNC supports a prescribed burn led by Cal Fire at the Preserve. Cattle grazing continues to be the primary tool for managing rangeland weeds and supporting native flora and overall biodiversity across the landscape.

We manage this landscape primarily using cattle grazing to keep invasive flora in check as well as prescribed burning.


Limited Access


Some of the best remaining seasonal vernal pools in California, fairy shrimp, wildflowers, songbirds such as meadowlarks and horned larks, waterfowl and shorebirds like great blue herons, tundra swans, snow geese, greater yellowlegs and others


4,600 acres

Explore our work in this region

What to See: Plants

The preserve supports 280 species of plants, including the rare Hoover spurge and hairy orcuttia. In spring the landscape comes alive with wildflowers that ring the pools with floral necklaces of blue, white and yellow. Adobe lilies, meadowfoam, violets and goldfields are just a few of the blooms that enliven the grasslands with bright colors.

What to See: Animals

Aquatic invertebrates, some of which are rare and endangered, swim silently in the vernal pools. Fairy shrimp hatch from eggs that have survived the summer drought and are stimulated by the cold winter rains that flood into the new and growing pools. Overhead, the air is alive with migratory waterfowl and shorebirds that feed on the fairy shrimp and tadpole shrimp in the pools below. From February through May, great blue herons, tundra swans, snow geese, greater yellowlegs, American widgeons and more feed in the food-rich waters.

Because Vina Plains Preserve is a working ranch, it is open to the public on a very limited basis. For more information, call 530-527-4261.