Places We Protect

Grand River Fen Preserve

Michigan

A river runs through a fen filled with wildflowers and other plant life.
Stream at Grand River Fen Preserve Grand River Fen Preserve is home to the longest river in the state of Michigan, the Grand River. © Jason Whalen

The fen is a critical habitat for special insects and a globally-rare plant, the bog bluegrass.

Overview

Description

See the start of Michigan's longest river as you walk through the beautiful wooded wetlands of the Grand River Fen Preserve.

Native butterflies occur in very high abundance at the fen. This site has long been known by lepidopterists for its diversity of these beautiful insects. Species like the Baltimore Checkerspot may follow you around, seeking the salt in your sweat.

Several species of the showy plant, Blazing Star, occur in the fen. With a narrow spike of bright purple flowers, they somewhat resemble the invasive plant, Purple Loosestrife, but these are all native.

Access

OPEN TO THE PUBLIC

Highlights

Hiking, bird-watching, butterfly-watching

Size

453 acres

Explore our work in this region

Grand River Fen Preserve (3:15) See the start of Michigan’s longest river as it begins nestled in a protected area that provides habitat for fluttering butterflies and dazzling wildflowers.

Plan Your Visit

  • When to Visit

    This preserve is open year round. 

  • What to Bring

    Plan for the weather! Hiking boots are recommended, as well as long clothing or insect repellent in the summer.

  • Permitted Activities
  • Prohibited Activities
    • No rock climbing and rappelling
    • No motorized and non-motorized vehicles
    • No building of new trails
    • No pets
    • No hunting or trapping without a Conservancy-issued permit
    • No removal of plants or animals (alive or dead)
    • No removal of rocks, water, or other non-organic materials
    • No camping, bonfires, fireworks or other fires
    • No firewood collecting
    • No littering
  • Hunting

    The Nature Conservancy allows hunting for white-tail deer on this preserve to reduce threats too many deer pose to our conservation targets. All hunters are required to receive a permit from TNC as well as a Michigan deer hunting license. Additionally, hunters must report any deer taken from the preserve.

  • Questions?

    Have questions about the preserve? Contact Shaun Howard, TNC protected lands project manager in Michigan.

A ground view of the water surrounded by green plants.
Flora and Fauna The fens and associated swamp and upland forest communities harbor a regionally significant and diverse fauna and flora. © Jason Whalen/Big Foot Media

Background

Three separate areas of high-quality prairie fen are the heart of this site. These are renowned for the diversity of butterflies and moths, including four globally rare species. The wetlands occupy a glacial outwash channel that forms a portion of the headwaters of the Grand River.

The fens and associated swamp and upland forest communities harbor a regionally significant and diverse fauna and flora including seven globally rare and eight state-rare species.

One globally-rare plant, the bog bluegrass, is also found here, as well as a very high diversity of flowering plants, sedges, and grasses.

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Keep Exploring

From shifting sand dunes to granite bald mountains, explore over 35 preserves and reserves spread across the state of Michigan.

Find More Places We Protect

The Nature Conservancy owns nearly 1,500 preserves covering more than 2.5 million acres across all 50 states. These lands protect wildlife and natural systems, serve as living laboratories for innovative science and connect people to the natural world.

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