Two hikers walk through a prairie at sunset, heading toward the sun as it sits just above the horizon.
Two hikers Hikers enjoy a hike in the prairie during the sweet light after a thunderstorm © Richard Hamilton Smith
Stories in North Dakota

Speak Up: Conservation Policy

Learn about our policy work in North Dakota and speak up for nature.

Get started by exploring the guide below!

A Naturally Productive North Dakota

The lands and waters of North Dakota provide critical habitat for a wide variety of wildlife. In fact, our wetlands have earned the state a reputation as “the duck factory of North America” for their role in waterfowl production. These wetlands, commonly called prairie potholes, are scattered among the vast grasslands that have long been home to an extraordinary number of plant and animal species. The natural productivity of our lands and waters has also enabled a robust agriculture economy, with farmers and ranchers producing canola, soybeans, honey, beef and much more. 

How Policy Helps Advance Conservation

The Nature Conservancy strives to advance policy solutions in North Dakota that work for people and nature. Just like our conservation efforts on the ground, our policy work is guided by science. 

Science has always helped us plan and implement conservation and also helps us develop recommendations for how to support conservation in the public sector. We work in partnership with businesses and industries, with governments from the local, state and national levels, and with North Dakotans from all walks of life to further important conservation work.

Working across borders, aisles and sectors, The Nature Conservancy’s mission is to conserve the lands and waters on which all life depends. With a nonpartisan approach, a commitment to science and ongoing collaboration with local partners, we can achieve a future in which nature and people thrive together. But we won’t be able to do it without you! 

Get involved by learning more about our policy solutions, discover how you can use your voice to make a difference and speak up for nature with your lawmakers.

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Our Priorities

  • SCA_Icon_LandWater

    Protect Healthy Land & Water

    North Dakotans value the great outdoors, and action must be taken to conserve our clean waters and healthy lands.

  • SCA_Icon_Climate

    Advance Biological Carbon Capture

    Wetter wet years and drier dry years have been increasingly affecting the state’s people and economy. Nature can help us capture more carbon and make our communities more resilient.

  • SCA_Icon_FoodWater

    Support Regenerative Agriculture

    Growing global demand for food will put more pressure on North Dakota’s ag producers. Together with farmers and ranchers, we can increase outputs while improving the health of the land.

Protect Healthy Lands & Waters

a shorebird raises its wings while standing in a lake.
Healthy Land & Water North Dakotans from all walks (and flocks!) of life depend on our healthy lands and clean waters to thrive. © Richard Hamilton Smith

The Nature Conservancy has helped protect natural areas in North Dakota dating back to 1971. Since then, we’ve expanded our work to include driving more resources toward the conservation of our state’s lands and waters.

Dedicated investment from the state has never been more important. Much of North Dakota’s historic grasslands has been converted to other uses, putting the rich biodiversity of the prairie at risk. Healthy, connected ecosystems are vital to sustaining the state’s iconic wildlife and the communities that depend on our strong outdoor recreation economy.

More about Land & Water

  • North Dakota's Outdoor Heritage Fund, established in 2013, funds conservation efforts around the state by providing grants to state agencies, nonprofit organizations and Tribal and local governments. The fund was created to benefit public and private lands by expanding wildlife habitat, improving water quality, building soil health and enhancing outdoor recreation opportunities.

  • Achieving the clean energy build-out necessary to reach carbon emissions goals will require quadrupling our renewable energy capacity in the United States by 2050. In North Dakota, we have plenty of opportunity to lead on energy development for the future—but how we do it matters. Our Site Renewables Right tool shows where renewable energy can be developed while still conserving important wildlife habitats and natural areas at the same time. 

  • Biodiversity refers to the vast array of life all around us, from the microscopic to the megafauna. From the food we eat to the air we breathe, our way of life depends on the interplay of millions of organisms in diverse ecosystems. This variety of life, the communities they form and the habitats in which they live comprise the extraordinary biodiversity of our planet. Watch this short video to learn more.

Advance Biological Carbon Capture

bison grazing in a prairie near a wind farm.
carbon capture solutions In addition to advancing renewable energy sources, North Dakota can contribute to tackling carbon emissions by leveraging natural solutions like grasslands. © Richard Hamilton Smith

The most natural solution to store more carbon is widely available, relatively inexpensive and ready to grow. In the effort to reduce carbon emissions, nature offers a solution through photosynthesis. North Dakota’s vast natural and working lands already capture and store an immense amount of carbon in plants and soil. State leaders should support these nature-based strategies, which by themselves can capture up to 31% of the state’s annual emissions.

Wetlands, grasslands and farmlands can all be managed to more effectively capture and store carbon, while supporting biodiversity and improving water quality across the state. Additionally, advancing biological carbon capture on working lands will elevate farmers and ranchers as carbon leaders while making their lands more resilient to extreme weather. 

More On Nature-Based Solutions

  • Weather changes over the next century will likely include overall drier weather with severe drought conditions, and with frequent intense rain and flooding when precipitation does occur. As evidenced in 2021, severe droughts can increase feed costs by up to 50%, causing many ranchers to sell off portions or even the entirety of their herds. Furthermore, increased occurrences of heavy rain or snow events and ensuing flooding could cause widespread damage to infrastructure around the state.


  • Biological carbon capture leverages biological mechanisms that process and store carbon and other greenhouse gases, most notably through photosynthesis. North Dakota’s grasslands, forests and farms capture and store carbon as they grow, in a process called biological carbon capture. Read our report to learn about the conservation, restoration and improved management actions that can offset nearly a third of the state’s carbon emissions.

Advance Soil Health

no-till field with crop residue left behind.
No-Till Reducing tillage and leaving crop residue behind can help build soil health on North Dakota's farms. © Fauna Creative

Agriculture is a central pillar of North Dakota’s economy and one we should protect. Smart land management will ensure future generations will be able to farm and ranch profitably. Regenerative agriculture can build soil health, improve water quality, restore wildlife habitat and even store more carbon. Adopting strategies like reduced tillage, cover cropping and rotational grazing isn’t just good for the environment—it also can make farm operations more economically and environmentally viable. 

We’re committed to working with leaders in agriculture and government to make sustainable land management more common across North Dakota. Creating policy that incentivizes regenerative agriculture will help farmers and ranchers and keep the state’s agriculture economy strong.

About Regenerative Agriculture

  • The value of North Dakota’s agricultural production has exceeded $18 billion in recent years, supporting tens of thousands of jobs on more than 26,000 farms. A strong agriculture industry is key to maintaining the health of the state’s economy, and regenerative land management practices can help protect our investments and our way of life.

  • Healthy soil is not a given. Without proper management, soil can become degraded, leading to unproductive field and diminished profitability. Soil health practices—like planting cover crops, minimizing tillage, rotating crops and improving nutrient management through precision technology—are critical to making crop land more resilient and productive.

  • North Dakota’s grasslands are at risk, but regenerative grazing can help restore them. Managing rangelands through strategies like rotational grazing can mimic historic cycles of disturbance (think bison) while improving water quality, creating habitat for wildlife and storing more carbon in the soil. These practices make a big difference, and local ranchers are already leading the way.

Policy is an essential tool in the effort to conserve the nature we all love in North Dakota. Stay up to date on conservation news in the state and speak up to let your lawmakers know why nature matters to you!