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Places We Protect

Emiquon

Illinois

A large flock of long-necked white birds takes flight at The Nature Conservancy's Emiquon preserve.
Emiquon Species of both resident and migrant birds rely on these restored floodplains for survival. © Laura Stoecker

TNC’s public preserves in Illinois are open. We ask visitors to follow current health and safety precautions, including maintaining a distance of at least 6 feet.

Overview

Description

2020 marked 20 years of restoration at Emiquon! Learn more in our Storymap.

Please note: Lake access permits and liability waivers for The Nature Conservancy’s Emiquon Preserve are required starting May 1, 2021. They are available at Dickson Mounds Museum, 10956 N. Dickson Mounds Rd, Lewistown, IL 61542. For up-to-date museum information, please call 309-547-3721 or visit their website.

Why You Should Visit

At more than 6,000 acres, Emiquon is one of the largest floodplain restoration projects in the Midwest. It is the premier demonstration site for The Nature Conservancy’s work on the Illinois River and within the Upper Mississippi River system and ultimately will help guide large floodplain river restoration efforts around the world. As part of the restoration process, TNC installed a ground-breaking water management structure that reconnects the floodplain to the Illinois River for the benefit of both people and nature. (Read our FAQs about the water management project.) The site has been designated a wetland of international importance by Ramsar.

Emiquon once was the jewel of the Illinois River, nurturing diverse and abundant communities of native plants and animals in the complex system of backwater wetlands and lakes. From the hundreds of nearby archeological sites, including Native American villages and ceremonial and burial mounds, to the acres of modern fields of corn and soybeans, this land is a quiet testimony to the abundant natural resources that supported more than 600 generations of civilization in this area.

Additionally, Emiquon offers a wide range of recreational activities, from birding and paddling to hunting and fishing.

Why TNC Selected This Site

In the early 1900s, the Illinois River was one of North America’s most ecologically and economically significant river systems. It supported the most productive inland commercial fishery and highest mussel abundance per mile of any stream on the continent. Even though it has undergone significant land conversion during the past century, the river was identified as one of three large-floodplain river ecosystem restoration priorities in the United States by the National Research Council.

By virtue of its size, optimal location and biological legacy, Emiquon significantly advances TNC’s efforts toward conservation of the Illinois River.

Archaeologists consider Emiquon—with more than 149 documented archaeological sites—and the lands around it one of the richest places for discovered Native American sites in the country. It is a place of mystery and legend with strong connections to the past.

Contact Us

For questions, call our office at 309-547-2730. Office hours are Monday through Thursday, 7:30 a.m. until 4:45 p.m. Our address is 11304 N. Prairie Road, Lewistown, IL 61542.

Access

OPEN TO THE PUBLIC

Emiquon is one of the largest floodplain restoration projects in the Midwest.

Hours

Open sunrise to sunset

Highlights

Other Power Driven Mobility Devices (OPDMDs) are not allowed except for specific waterfowl hunting opportunities.

Explore our work in Illinois

Photos from Emiquon

Emiquon is home to a wide variety of wetland plants and sees thousands of birds pass through it annually.

Colorful yellow and green plants grow in the waters of the Emiquon wetlands.
Maria Lemke looks for mussels at Emiquon.
Three canoes sitting on land next to water.
A flock of birds fly over water under a pastel pink sky at sunset.
Landscape view of a field of golden grass in the foreground and a large body of water in the distance at Emiquon.
The setting sun reflects on a body of water as a bird flies over the water's surface under an orange sky.
A flock of white pelicans takes flight at Emiquon.
A vast field of yellow wildflowers stretches toward a body of water in the far distance.
Several people hike with a dog on a grassy path next to water; some stop to look out over the water.
A pink sunrise over wetlands at Emiquon.

Visit

  • What to See

     

    PLANTS

    Emiquon is home to a wide variety of wetland plants including reeds, rushes, naiads and even American lotus. The restored prairie supports 100 species such as big bluestem, Indian grass, black-eyed Susan and prairie coreopsis. TNC has planted more than 300,000 bottomland and upland tress on the site.

    ANIMALS

    Emiquon is home to hundreds of thousands of migratory and resident birds, including American bald eagles and white pelicans and numerous species of ducks, geese, herons, egrets and shore birds. Mammals include river otters, muskrats, beavers, mink and least weasels. Grassland birds such as Henslow’s and grasshopper sparrows, eastern bluebirds, orioles and migrating warblers can be seen in the prairie on the western side of the preserve. Reptiles such as prairie king and western ribbon snakes; snapping and softshell turtles; and plains leopard, northern cricket and green frogs can also be found.

  • Activities

    Recreational opportunities at Emiquon include boating, fishing, hunting, wildlife viewing and hiking. Our visitor use facilities offer boardwalks, canoe and boat launches, hiking trails, observation decks and pavilions, and signs that help visitors learn more about these incredible habitats. Click here to download a map of the visitor use area.

    Emiquon also offers a variety of hunting options for those who are interested.

    While visiting the Emiquon Preserve, sunscreen and walking footwear are recommended. Visitors have open access to the lakeside observatories and trails; however, a permit is required for lake access, i.e., for fishing and boating. Lake access permits are available at Dickson Mounds Museum during normal business hours.

  • Volunteer Opportunities

    Please contact Jason Beverlin at jbeverlin@tnc.org or 309-547-2730 for more information on volunteer opportunities at Emiquon.

    Visitors have access to the lakeside observatories and trails; however, a permit is required for lake access, i.e., for fishing and boating. Lake access permits are available at Dickson Mounds Museum during normal business hours. The lake is equipped with a canoe launch and concrete boat launch.

    For school or larger tour groups, bus parking is available.

    Bathrooms and picnic facilities are available at Dickson Mounds Museum.

Current Conservation Work

TNC is committed to the preservation of the Illinois River. The acquisition of Emiquon enables scientific research and ecological restoration of an area that is considered the linchpin for recovery of the ecosystem.

Guided by recommendations from the Emiquon Science Advisory Council, which is a group of more than 40 scientists of regional and national acclaim, TNC’s work at Emiquon is on the leading edge of the evolving field of restoration science. Scientists with TNC and its partners have created computer models to guide the restoration and management. These models are used by TNC scientists to evaluate different management scenarios.

For example, TNC ran models that predicted where water would occur on the property, how deep it would be, how it would carry and deposit sediment and how plant communities would respond to the changes. These types of models are invaluable. They give us the ability to determine how the lands and waters of Emiquon will respond under different conditions and allow TNC scientists to plan for management challenges—such as excessive sedimentation—before they occur.

TNC also works closely with the Illinois Natural History Survey, University of Illinois and other partners to collect monitoring data about the current state of Emiquon’s species and natural communities. These activities will continue throughout the restoration and give scientists a means to measure progress and provide for adaptive management of the project.

The restoration at Emiquon also benefits the economic development and prosperity of local communities. With a widespread reputation for great fishing, hunting and birding, Emiquon attracts sportsmen and women from throughout the state, bringing more business to local sporting goods shops and the restaurants where these visitors eat.

Find More Places We Protect

The Nature Conservancy owns nearly 1,500 preserves covering more than 2.5 million acres across all 50 states. These lands protect wildlife and natural systems, serve as living laboratories for innovative science and connect people to the natural world.

See the Complete Map

Support Our Work in Illinois

You can help us protect plants and wildlife at Emiquon and beyond.