Kris Johnson, Ph.D.
Director of Agriculture, North America
Kris Johnson is the director of agriculture for The Nature Conservancy’s North America Region. A skilled collaborator and respected scientist and strategist, Kris leads an interdisciplinary team of science, policy and agriculture experts in a collaborative approach to help farmers and ranchers meet the growing demand for food production while protecting critical lands and waters for people and nature. The North America Agriculture team is comprised of a dozen staff members and a virtual regional team of more than 100 individuals across the United States. Kris and his team also work closely with the TNC’s Global Regenerative Food Systems team.
A sought-after speaker for industry events, Kris often gives presentations and serves on panels where he speaks about the vital role of conservation agriculture in achieving a sustainable food system. He is the vice chair of the board of directors for the Ecosystem Services Market Consortium, serves on the Science Advisory Council for Field to Market and is a board member of the U.S. Cotton Trust Protocol.
Kris joined TNC in 2012, where in multiple roles he has made substantial contributions to the evolution of the organization’s work in agriculture and freshwater systems. Most recently, Kris served as deputy director of agriculture in North America, and before that was a senior scientist for TNC’s North America Water Program. He has provided foundational leadership to developing our freshwater work in the region during the past decade, especially with regard to risk reduction and resilience, and floodplain management.
Before joining TNC in 2012, Kris was the sustainability scientist at the University of Minnesota’s Institute on the Environment. He received a bachelor’s degree from Bowdoin College and completed a M.S. and Ph.D. in conservation biology at the University of Minnesota. Kris was a Fulbright Scholar, a MacArthur Scholar and remains a Senior Fellow in Sustainable Agricultural Systems at the University of Minnesota.
Prokopy, L.S., Gramig, B.M., Bower, A., Church, S.P., Ellison, B., Gassman, P.W., Genskow, K., Gucker, D., Hallett, S.G., Hill, J., Hunt, N., Johnson, K.A., Kaplan, I., Kelleher, J.P., Kok, H., Komp, M., Lammers, P., LaRose, S., Liebman, M., Margenot, A., Mulla, D., O’Donnell, M.J., Peimer, A.W., Reaves, E., Salazar, K., Schelly, C., Schilling, K., Secchi, S., Spaulding, A.D., Swenson, D., Thompson, A.W., Ulrich‑Schad, J.D. The urgency of transforming the Midwestern U.S. landscape into more than corn and soybean. Agriculture and Human Values. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10460-020-10077-x
Johnson, K.A., Wing, O.E.J., Bates, P.D., Fargione, J. Kroeger, T., Larson, W.D., Sampson, C.C., Smith, A. A Benefit-Cost Analysis of Floodplain Land Acquisition for U.S. Flood Damage Reduction. 2019 Nature Sustainability 3: 56–62 (2020)
Antolini, F., Tate, E., Dalzell, B., Young, N., Johnson, K.A., Hawthorne, P.L. Flood Risk Reduction from Agricultural Best Management Practices. Journal of the American Water Resources Association. 2019 JAWRA: 1-19 https://doi.org/10.1111/1752-1688.12812
Keeler, B., Dalzell, B., Gourevitch, J., Hawthorne, P., Johnson, K.A., Noe, R. 2019. Putting people on the map: focus on endpoints for improved ecosystem service prioritization. Frontiers in Ecology & Environment doi:10.1002/fee.2004
Johnson, K.A., Piazza, B.P., Fore, J.D., Motew, M. 2018. Prioritizing floodplains to restore the health of the Mississippi River Basin. Solutions Journal, Volume 9, Issue 3, July 2018.
Smith, A., Sampson, C., Neal, J. Bates, P., Trigg, M., Freer, J., Porter, R., Kappes, M., Simpson, A., Jongman, B., Johnson, K.A. 2018. Modeling and mapping of global flood hazard layers. In: Schumann, G., Bates, P., Apel, H., Aronica G.T. (Eds.) Global Flood Hazard: Applications in Modeling, Mapping and Forecasting, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C.
Wing, O., Bates, P., Fargione, J., Johnson, K.A., Sampson, C., Smith, A. 2018. Estimates of present and future flood risk in the conterminous U.S. Environ. Res. Lett. 13 034023.
Wing, O., Bates, P., Sampson, C., Smith, A. Johnson, K.A., Erickson, T.A. 2017. Validation of a 30m resolution flood hazard model of the conterminous United States. Water Resour. Res. 53 7968–7986.
Johnson, K.A., Dalzell, B., Donahue, M., Gourevitch, J., Johnson, D., Karlovits, G., Keeler, B., and Smith, J. 2016. Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) lands provide ecosystem service benefits that exceed land rental payment costs. Ecosystem Services. 18: 175-185.
Polasky, S. and Johnson, K.A. 2014. Are investments to promote biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services aligned? In: Helm, D. and Hepburn, C. (Eds.) Nature in the Balance: the Economics of Biodiversity, Oxford University Press, UK.
Johnson, K.A., Polasky, S., Nelson, E., Pennington, D. 2012. Uncertainty in ecosystem services valuation and implications for assessing land use tradeoffs: an agricultural case study from the Minnesota River Basin. Ecological Economics 79: 71-79.
Johnson, K.A., Dana, G., Jordan, N., Draeger, K.J., Kapuscinski, A., Schmitt Olabisi, L.K., Reich, P.B., 2012. Using participatory scenarios to stimulate social learning for collaborative sustainable development. Ecology and Society 17(2): 9.
Keeler, B., Polasky, S., Brauman, K.A., Johnson, K.A., Finlay, J.C., O’Neill, A., Kovacs, K., Dalzell, B. 2012. Linking water quality and well-being for improved assessment and valuation of ecosystem services. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 (45): 18619-18624.
Polasky, S., Nelson, E., Pennington, D., Johnson, K.A. 2011. The impact of land-use change on ecosystem services, biodiversity, and returns to landowners: a case study in the state of Minnesota. Environment and Resource Economics 48: 219-242.
Schmitt Olabisi, L.K., Kapuscinski, A.R., Johnson, K.A., Reich, P.B., Stenquist, B., Draeger, K.J. 2010. Using scenario visioning and participatory system dynamics modeling to investigate the future: lessons from Minnesota 2050. Sustainability 2: 2686-2706.
Schmitt Olabisi, L.K, P.B. Reich, K.A. Johnson, A.R. Kapuscinski, S. Suh, E. Wilson. 2009. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions for climate stabilization: framing regional options. Environmental Science and Technology 43: 1696-1703.
Johnson, K.A. and Nelson, K.C. 2004. Common property and conservation: the potential for communal forest management within a national park in Mexico. Human Ecology 32(6): 703-733.
- Beyond the Source: The Benefits of Protecting Source Water. Cool Green Science.
- Designing Agricultural Watersheds with Science and Community Engagement. Cool Green Science.
- Paying Farmers to Grow Clean Water. Cool Green Science.
- Rethinking Development on Minnesota Floodplains. PBS.
- Conserve Now or Pay Later? New Study Compares Floodplain Protection Today to Predicted Future Flood Losses. Environmental News Network.
- Report urges buying floodplain properties to head off $3 billion bill by 2050. Houston Chronicle.
- Protecting flood plains could save billions, researchers say. Minneapolis Star Tribune.
- Conserve or develop? Protecting floodplains could cut flood costs: researchers. Reuters.
- New market would pay farmers for conservation practices. Capital Press.
- New Report Says FEMA Badly Underestimates Flood Risk. CityLab.
- High-res mapping of U.S. flood risk triples the population in harm’s way. MinnPost.
- Just how many Americans are at risk for a 100-year flood? Pacific Standard.
- Flood risk from American rivers is greatly underestimated. ScienceDaily.