Autumn in New Jersey
Autumn Highlight: Fall Migration
Cape May, New Jersey is a fall migration hot spot and an excellent time of year to visit both our South Cape May Meadows Preserve and Garrett Family Preserve at Cape Island Creek. Expect to see songbirds, hawks, owls, monarchs and dragonflies as they funnel into southern New Jersey’s peninsula in great numbers. Visitors to both preserves can enjoy amenities like maintained trails, a picnic pavilion, bird blinds, benches, visitor kiosks and artists’ easels.
Vibrant Fall Colors
In northern New Jersey, the leaves start to change from greens to golds and reds early at High Mountain Park Preserve. The preserve's panaramic vistas, stunning views and 11 miles of hiking trails through dense forests provide visitors with a beautiful backdrop to view fall foliage at its finest. Be sure to check out the rock shelters in the Franklin Clove section of the preserve, determined to be sites of prehistoric human habitation. Native Americans of the Lenape tribe wintered in the Clove during the 1600s.
Migrating Monarchs and Gorgeous Goldenrod
In autumn, a must-see is the gorgeous goldenrod that blankets much of the Garrett Family Preserve in Cape Island Creek. This bright flowering plant blooms in late August through October and is an important source of nectar for migrating monarch butterflies. The goldenrod blooms make the perfect backdrop for our Dream Machine Monarch sculpture, making fall the best time of year for a photo opp! Be sure to share your photos using #TNCMonarch.
Fall is for fungi at the Maurice River Bluffs Preserve! Plan your visit a day or so after a good rain and you will see a plethora of different species. Take advantage of the 6 mile trail system, complete with a 35-foot long bridge, steps and rails throughout the steeper parts that make the trails accessible to all levels of hikers.
During autumn at Johnsonburg Swamp Preserve, visitors experience the color of familiar favorites, and also that of natural wonders that are less common. A must-see located in the heart of the preserve is Mud Pond, a limestone wetland providing excellent habitat for rare plant species, along with waterfowl and other wildlife. The scenic limestone outcrops that overlook the pond to the west and north are the largest rock formations of their kind in the state.
Winter Highlight: New Jersey Owls
The gorgeous autumn leaves have fallen from the trees, making it the perfect time to see and listen for owls. New Jersey is home to a variety of owls, including the great horned, saw-whet, barred, barn, Eastern screech, long-eared and short-eared owls. In recent winters, we've been lucky enough to see snowy owls as they migrate south.
Winter Birding in Cape May
The South Cape May Meadows Preserve is a year-round top birding destination. Even during winter, the birding doesn't have to come to an end! Wintering owls, ducks, hawks, and eagles are just some of the reasons why winter birding is so thrilling during the colder months. Whether you're interested in seeing late-season migrant raptors such as the red-tailed hawks or Northern harriers, or you're on the lookout for waterfowl like buffleheads or teals, The South Cape May Meadows Preserve is where you want to be.
The Feet You’ll Meet
Snowfall in New Jersey makes for a great opportunity to put your animal tracking skills to the test. From white tailed deer, to red fox, to black bear, you’ll never know whose tracks you’ll stumble upon on our nature preserve trails. You might even be lucky enough to see tracks from the elusive New Jersey bobcat at our Johnsonburg Swamp Preserve.
Wonderful Winter Waterfowl
After a busy fall migration for songbirds and raptors, winter is the time for migratory waterfowl to shine. The freshwater ponds at our South Cape May Meadows and Garrett Family Preserves come to life with northern shovelers, American black ducks, gadwalls and green-winged teals, just to name a few!
Busy Bald Eagles
While the rest of us are cooped up inside avoiding the cold, bald eagles in Southern New Jersey are busy preparing for their nesting season. Throughout December, they can be seen gathering sticks, grass, and other materials to repair and rebuild their nests. Just two weeks in to the New Year, they will start laying eggs. At our Maurice River Bluffs Preserve, visitors can watch this process from start to finish, as there are incredible views of a nest from our floating dock. The Maurice River and surrounding marshes provide excellent habitat for them. Be on the lookout for bald eagles hunting along the river and in the vast marshes.
Return of our Beach Nesters
Each spring between March and May, beach-nesting birds like piping plovers, American oystercatchers, least terns and black skimmers make their way to the mile of protected beach at our South Cape May Meadows preserve. Once they find a suitable mate, they will begin laying and incubating eggs with the hopes of successful fledges.
Be sure to add visiting our South Cape May Meadows and Garrett Family preserves to your to-do list this spring. The preserves, located in Cape May, are some of the best spots in New Jersey to see spring migration. Neotropical birds, migrating waterfowl, and returning shorebirds are just some of the beautiful birds that can be seen this time of year. Spring migration also means the return of our resident purple martins at our South Cape May Meadows Preserve, who can be seen and heard near the main trail entrance by the welcome center.
After a cold winter, everything bounces back to life in the spring, and the flora found on our preserves are no exception. Jack-in-the pulpit, mayapple, and columbine are just a few of the beautiful blooms found on our Johnsonburg Swamp Preserve. Keep your eye out for tulip trees, mountain laurel and pink lady slippers blooming at our Maurice River Bluffs Preserve. The inland red maple swamps found at our High Mountain Park Preserve make for a beautiful sight, as they begin to fruit in the spring.
A Chorus of Frogs
Once spring arrives, the trails at our High Mountain Park Preserve are noisy with the calls of spring peepers. Only the males can chirp, which they often do during mating season from March to May. These welcomed calls are a reminder that spring has arrived!
March marks the return of our resident osprey couple to their nest on our South Cape May Meadows Preserve. They can be seen gathering nesting materials and methodically arranging them, making sure everything is just right for the arrival of their eggs. The nest is visible from our observation platform along the east trail of the preserve.
Summer in New Jersey
Weather depending, late May to August is when the wildflower meadows of the Garrett Family Preserve are in full bloom. Clusters of tiny common yarrow, cheerful white oxeye daisies, big and bold orange poppies, delicate Queen Anne’s lace and many other varieties can be seen in bloom throughout the preserve, especially along the pollinator trail.
The vast wildflower fields and lush surrounding tree lines make for an excellent opportunity to paint or draw. The three adjustable art easels found within the Garrett Family Preserve allow visitors to enjoy both art and nature.
Longer days and moderating temperatures bring a myriad of dragonflies and damselflies throughout the state. They can be seen skimming across Mud Pond at our Johnsonburg Swamp Preserve or zipping through the wetlands and riverbanks of our Maurice River Bluffs Preserve. The summer months are the best time of year to put your Odonata identifying skills to the test!
Raptor Migration Begins
Late summer marks the start of raptor migration! In mid-August, early start migrators like broad-winged hawks, bald eagles and northern harriers can be seen soaring through the skies of our High Mountain Park Preserve as they make their way down the Atlantic Flyway. Keep an eye out for sharp-shinned hawks, merlins and American kestrels in early September.