Closeup of schools of different types of fish, including bright yellow striped fish and larger gray fish, swimming in a coral reef.
Florida Coral Reef Schooling fish in the Florida Keys. © Rachel Hancock Davis

Stories in Florida

Florida’s Spectacular Coral Reef System

We are working to raise awareness of the critical steps needed to tackle threats to reefs and increase restoration efforts.

Coral reefs are one of the most threatened marine systems. Scientists estimate that unless we take immediate action, we could lose up to 90% of coral reefs within our lifetimes.

Colorful parrotfish, angelfish, wrasses, barracuda, nurse sharks, stingrays, delicate corals, other invertebrates and turtles—all are inhabitants of Florida’s beautiful coral reefs. Florida's Coral Reef is the largest coral reef ecosystem in the continental U.S., with its extensive shallow coral reefs that span 358 miles from the Dry Tortugas near Key West, north along the Atlantic coast to Martin County.

Colorful reef fish swim around coral.
Florida's Coral Reef Fish swim among the corals in Florida's Coral Reef. © Jiangang Luo
Looking down at a sea turtle as it soars through the water over a reef.
Sea Turtle at Key Largo A juvenile green sea turtle glides over the reef off the coast of Key Largo, Florida. © Rachel Hancock Davis
Florida's Coral Reef Fish swim among the corals in Florida's Coral Reef. © Jiangang Luo
Sea Turtle at Key Largo A juvenile green sea turtle glides over the reef off the coast of Key Largo, Florida. © Rachel Hancock Davis

Our treasured coral reefs provide Florida with many benefits. Not only are they home to many species of wildlife, including species listed as Threatened under the Endangered Species Act, they are integral to Florida’s economy, supporting our tourism industry and commercial and recreational fisheries. Additionally, they act as a natural buffer for Florida’s shoreline, helping to lessen the strength of waves, providing natural support for coastal resilience.

Looking up at coral reefs to the surface of the water and a boat floating along the surface.
Underwater view of coral reef A boat floats over Florida's Coral Reef. © Rachel Hancock Davis

TNC's South Florida team works to champion the protection, restoration, monitoring and management of the reefs. Coral reef communities are sensitive to threats that are linked to people's actions. From high water temperatures which are dangerous to corals, to pollutants that impact the health of the ecosystem, to our commercial and recreational uses of the reef, sound science-based management practices and careful stewardship are critical to ensure the reefs’ healthy future. That’s where the Florida Reef Resilience Program and the recently published Resilience Action Plan for Florida's Coral Reef come in.

“With the impacts of climate change becoming more and more evident, the need to find innovative solutions that help us adapt becomes more urgent. This joint effort with Palm Beach County is a perfect example of not only innovation but also the importance of collaboration in the face of great challenges and is a model that can be replicated and scaled across the state to help us adapt and tackle the root cause of climate change by storing carbon,” stated Temperince Morgan, TNC’s executive director in Florida.

The 20-mile-long Lake Worth Lagoon stretches from North Palm Beach to Ocean Ridge. Wildlife such as manateesgreen sea turtles and more than 100 species of birds call this estuary home. Over the last century, development and dredging have dramatically altered the landscape, replacing mangrove habitats and natural shorelines with seawalls and other human-made structures. Palm Beach County has worked to improve habitats along the Lake Worth Lagoon shoreline within the last decade by creating multiple islands and mangrove restoration projects. 

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The Resilience Action Plan identifies actions that should be implemented by reef managers, policy-makers and reef users in order to improve the health of the reefs, and there is a significant focus on restoration efforts. Coral restoration has grown from a single-species pilot project in 2004 to a large-scale operation aimed at restoring ecosystem balance to Florida’s Coral Reef today. TNC is currently working with the reef managers to develop a restoration strategy for the state that will identify priority focal areas for restoration where, based on best available science, the outplants are most likely to contribute to recovery of the system. Once that strategy is complete, we will work with the Florida Department of Environmental Protection to develop a more detailed plan for restoration within the Kristin Jacobs Coral Reef Ecosystem Conservation Area. These planning efforts are being shaped by a publication by TNC’s Reef Resilience Network and others that outlines a process for managers looking to develop restoration plans.