Piney Grove Preserve

Piney Grove Preserve is open to visitors from February through October.

Public access to Piney Grove is available via the Constance Darden Nature Trail.  This ADA-accessible trail offers an overview of the Conservancy's work at the preserve to restore pine-savanna habitat for the benefit of endangered red-cockaded woodpeckers and myriad other plants and animals.


Sussex County, Virginia

View Preserve Guidelines.  Please note: dogs are not allowed at any Conservancy preserve.


3,200 acres

Why the Conservancy Selected This Site

Piney Grove harbors one of Virginia's last breeding population of red-cockaded woodpeckers and the northernmost population in the U.S. Listed as endangered in 1970, this charismatic black-and-white woopecker gets its name from a barely visible speck of red on each side of the male's cap.

Nesting exclusively in live pine trees, the bird requires mature trees with soft heartwood for excavating nest cavities. Red-cockaded woodpeckers once numbered in the hundreds of thousands throughout the Southeast and up into New Jersey, but the loss of old-growth pine habitat led to a dramatic decline.

What the Conservancy Has Done/Is Doing

At Piney Grove and all along the Virginia Pinelands, we work to conserve southeastern Virginia’s historic loblolly and longleaf pine forests and the variety of life they support.

The Conservancy acquired the first tract for the preserve in 1998 from the Hancock Timber Resource Group, and several additional purchases brought Piney Grove to its current size. 

Beginning in 2001, red-cockaded woodpeckers captured from stable populations in the Carolinas were released at Piney Grove to boost the number of breeding colonies.

By investing in our forest restoration efforts, Conservancy supporters have helped us to enhance habitat and expand the preserve's breeding groups of red-cockaded woodpeckers. Surveys conducted at Piney Grove in 2017 by the Center for Conservation Biology documented 13 potential breeding groups.  96 individual birds were identified at Piney Grove and Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Regue during the calendar year.  This is the largest number of woodpeckers known to occur in Virginia since the early 1980s.

Protecting and restoring Piney Grove's special resources require active management. To maintain and expand the pine-savanna habitat upon which the red-cockaded woodpecker and myriad other species depend, the Conservancy conducts frequent prescribed burns. Our science staff works closely with state and federal agencies and highly trained volunteers to implement safe, effective fire management.

The Conservancy also partners with these agencies and with the Center for Conservation Biology to monitor and enhance our red-cockaded woodpecker population.


Darden Nature Trail

Take a virtual tour of the Darden Trail at Piney Grove and then plan a date to see it in person!

Public access to Piney Grove is available via the Constance Darden Trail.  The trail is open daily, February through October. To ensure visitor safety, the trail is closed November through January due to hunting in the vicinity.

View Preserve Guidelines

Public access to Piney Grove is available via the Constance Darden Nature Trail.  Download our interpretive brochure and map (pdf) to bring along on your next visit.  The trail is ADA accessible; the observation deck at the end of the trail is not.

What to See: Plants

Old-growth pine savanna and two rare plant species: seymeria and Carolina peatmoss.

What to See: Animals

In addition to the red-cockaded woodpecker, Piney Grove is home to many other birds and the state-rare fox squirrel.


From the west (Richmond area):

  • Take I-95 South to Petersburg, then take the exit for Rte 460 East
  • Follow Rte. 460 through Waverly
  • Go about three miles past Waverly, and turn right on Chinquapin Road (Rte. 604)
  • Go about 1.5 miles to the intersection with Harrell Mill Road (Rte. 621)
  • Turn left on Harrell Mill Road and go a short distance to the Darden Trail parking area on your right

From the east (Virginia Beach/Suffolk areas): 

  • Take Rte. 460 West. Just beyond Wakefield, look for Chinquapin Road (Rte. 604) on your left. Follow as above.

Have you been to this preserve? Are you thinking of visiting? See what others are saying about their experiences and add your comments below.

Add Your Comments

Time for you to join the discussion. Tell us about your experience at this preserve. What plants and animals did you see? When did you go? You can help others plan their visit when you share your thoughts. And thank you for visiting one of our nature preserves!

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