Greene Swamp Preserve


Why You Should Visit
Although named for the 10-acre swamp in the center of the site, the Greene Swamp Preserve includes additional interesting features such as a small stream, talus slopes and interesting rock outcrops on the southern slopes of Bull Hill, one of the peaks making up a distinct forested plateau-like upland east of the Connecticut River known as Mt. Toby. The Mt. Toby area is known locally for its unique geology and unusual plant and animal species. The numerous trails both in and around the Greene Swamp Preserve provide a wonderful escape for hikers, bird-watchers and cross-country skiers. The regional Robert Frost Trail goes through the Preserve.

North of Clark Mountain Rd and west of Bull Hill Rd, Sunderland, Massachusetts

153 acres

Why the Conservancy Selected This Site
The preserve is home to several rare plant and animal species as well as a regionally important wetland.

What the Conservancy Has Done/Is Doing
Between 1993 and 2006, TNC protected seven tracts of land to create the Preserve. TNC has also assisted the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Commonwealth with additional purchases at the larger Mt. Toby site.

What to See: Plants
There are several types of forest including hemlock, red oak and sugar maple. The wetlands include a cattail swamp, a rich wooded swamp, and a small stream. The wetlands are home to salamanders and turtles, while ravens nest on the cliffs and can be heard regularly.


Preserve Policies
Please read our complete list of preserve use policies.

  • Preserve open daily from dawn to dusk
  • Foot traffic only
  • Groups larger than 10 people are asked to coordinate their visit with our Western Massachusetts Program at (413) 229-0232.
  • Please stay on the trail
  • No collecting of plants or animals
  • No pets
  • Carry out all litter
  • No fires, smoking or camping

All reasonable requests for special accommodations will be made with ample notice.
The access via the Robert Frost Trail from Bull Hill Rd is steep in places. The main trail, an old road leading from the end of Clark Mountain Road, may be muddy.
If you have any questions while planning your outing, please contact our Western Massachusetts office at 413-229-0232. 


via Robert Frost Trail

From Boston:

  • Take Route 2W to Route 63S through Miller’s Falls.
  • Drive through the intersection with Route 47 and past the second sign for Leverett Center.
  • Take a right onto Bull Hill Rd. and watch for a sign on the right for the Robert Frost trail near the Leverett/Sunderland town line.
  • The trailhead is near a stream. Park in the turn-off on the edge of the road.
  • You will enter the preserve after about 0.5 miles when you start heading steeply downhill.

From Rt 91:

  • Take exit 24 and head east on Rt 116. 2.5-3 miles until Bull Hill Rd on the left.
  • Drive almost one mile and look for small parking on left and sign for Robert Frost Trail (just before Leverett/Sunderland town line).
  • You will enter the preserve after about 0.5 miles on the trail when you start heading steeply downhill.

Have you been to this preserve? Are you thinking of visiting? See what others are saying about their experiences and add your comments below.

Add Your Comments

Time for you to join the discussion. Tell us about your experience at this preserve. What plants and animals did you see? When did you go? You can help others plan their visit when you share your thoughts. And thank you for visiting one of our nature preserves!

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