Boreal Forest

The Boreal Forest accounts for one quarter of the intact, original forests remaining on Earth.

The Boreal Forest harbors life found in few other places on the planet and resources that once seemed infinite. 

But at this moment, the future of these 1.3 billion acres of forests, wetlands and lakes is uncertain due to the pressures of growing development. An irreplaceable global treasure, Canada’s Boreal Forest: 

  • Captures and stores 208 billion tons of carbon — 11 percent of the world’s total;
  • Serves as the spring nursery for more than 3 billion migrating birds and provides vital habitat for wildlife like threatened woodland caribou, moose, wolves and bears;  and
  • Is home to more than 2.5 million people, many of them from Indigenous communities who have lived here for millennia. The forest is not only their home, but the source of their subsistence, livelihoods and culture. 

Meeting Challenges in Canada's Boreal Forest

To protect this vital landscape, The Nature Conservancy has joined forces with a broad coalition of Indigenous peoples, industries, governments and NGOs through the Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement (CBFA). The largest agreement of its kind anywhere in the world, the CBFA seeks to create a win-win for people and nature across 178 million acres of boreal forest. As a CBFA partner, we are: 

The Boreal Forest represents an opportunity for large-scale conservation unimaginable anywhere else in the world. Until recently, the region’s vast and remote locations buffered it from pressures that have degraded other forests around the globe. Now, growing demand for resources such as timber, hydroelectric power and minerals is chipping away at the boreal wilderness. Your support will help us take action today to conserve this critically important landscape for the people and wildlife that depend on it.


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