No doubt the Incas outdid themselves centuries ago when they created the famed architectural wonder of Machu Picchu, in the eastern slope of the Peruvian Andes.

But Mother Nature’s earlier handiwork—from the desert lining the Pacific coast to the rain forest of the Amazon Basin—is equally stellar.

Almost twice the size of Texas, Peru is a nation of biological riches. With close to 1,700 bird species, it ranks second in the world behind only Colombia. Pink and gray river dolphins, manatees, giant otters and jaguars live in the Amazon, which spans 60% or Peru’s territory and is home to numerous indigenous groups, some who stilllive in voluntary isolation. Nutrient-rich coastal waters support the world’s most productive fisheries—a major food supply not only for people but also for myriad animals from sea lions, seals, orcas, and humpback whales, to penguins and flamingos.

Between 2002 and 2012, the Peruvian economy almost doubled in size, making the country one of the fastest growing and most stable economies in Latin America. This economic boom is putting pressure on the historic balance between livelihoods and nature.
The Nature Conservancy has been working in Peru since 1983, building partnerships and sharing innovative tools and knowledge. We work collaboratively with government agencies, local communities, indigenous organizations, businesses, universities, international aid agencies, and non-profits. Together, we are developing the tools and strategies Peru needs to protect its spectacular natural heritage while providing the food, water and energy that people need to live and prosper.

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