Places We Protect

Calloway Forest Preserve

The sandy road that winds through Calloway Forest Preserve.
Entrance Road The sandy road that winds through Calloway Forest Preserve. © Sydney Bezanson

Once aggressively harvested for pine needles, Calloway is making an ongoing and incredible comeback.



Conservation Highlights

Longleaf pine forests once stretched 90 million acres from Virginia to Texas. Harvested for lumber, turpentine, tar and pitch, this vast forest began to decline rapidly in the 19th century, and today a mere 3% of the original range remains. You can see what these ancient woodlands once looked like by visiting Calloway Forest, a longleaf pine forest in the Sandhills. Many wildlife species depend on the openness of longleaf pine forest to forage and raise young.

Due to fire suppression efforts in the late 20th century, much of the open longleaf pine forest became overgrown with hardwoods such as scrub oaks and has hampered the growth of natural plants and trees, as well as, caused a decline in bobwhite quail and red-cockaded woodpeckers.

Management efforts have reintroduced fire into this landscape through prescribed burns that reduce hardwoods and encouraged the growth of fire dependent species such as wiregrass and longleaf pine. 

Calloway's plant communities include longleaf pine, wiregrass, Michaux's sumac, and rough-leaf loostrife. Red-cockaded woodpeckers, migratory songbirds, fox squirrels, and bobcats also call the preserve home.

History of the Preserve

Forests like Calloway help "bridge the gap" between existing protected areas by providing corridors for wildlife and restoring critical tracts degraded by fire suppression.

We protected Calloway Forest in collaboration with state and federal agencies. The NC Department of Transportation purchased the tract as mitigation for effects on red-cockaded woodpecker habitat, established an endowment for its stewardship, and transferred it to The Nature Conservancy.

We manage the forest in consultation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and it will eventually be included in the state's Game Lands program, managed by the NC Wildlife Resources Commission.

We are working with our partners to restore this tract using a controlled burn regime. For more information on how fire has historically helped the Sandhills landscape, see our Controlled Burning Brochure.



Calloway Forest is open from dawn to dusk everyday.


Hiking, Birding

Explore our work in this region

GPS Coordinates:

Longitude: -79.30986989390
Latitude: 35.01205862970


Contact our Sandhills Project Office at (910) 246-0300 for more information about Calloway.

Plan Your Visit

  • The preserve is open to visitors year-round. 
  • Please be aware that hunting is allowed during the season.


"Most people who know longleaf won’t see much when they take a hike or drive through our Calloway Forest Preserve in the Sandhills of Hoke County. It's not terribly diverse, it was abused by the previous owners, and is a mish mash of longleaf pine stands. But to me, someone who loves to restore longleaf, I see a hundred years of potential in the making. Calloway reminds me of a block of stone that when chipped away you know there is a beautiful sculpture underneath. Once we apply prescribed fire, smart forestry practices, and manage our young longleaf plantations we'll end up having one of the better mature longleaf savannas in the Southeast. TNC didn’t inherit an old growth longleaf pine stand, we just worked really hard, sweated, cussed, and waited patiently as we chipped away the stone that didn't belong."   Sandhills Stewardship and Fire Manager Mike Norris