Our People

Carmen Revenga

Sustainable Fisheries Strategy Lead, Global Oceans Team

Arlington, Virginia

Sustainable Fisheries, Strategy Lead

Carmen Revenga Carmen Revenga, Fisheries Global Priority Lead. © Photo courtesy of Carmen Revenga.


Sustainable Fisheries, Fisheries Management, Freshwater and Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystems


Rachel Winters


Carmen Revenga is a Senior Scientist at The Nature Conservancy (TNC), where she leads the Conservancy's Sustainable Fisheries Global Priority. Carmen has more than 20 years of experience working on linking science and policy to improve the management of marine fisheries and freshwater resources.

The Conservancy's vision is that global fisheries are managed in a way that results in viable local fisheries, stable supplies of seafood and ecosystem conservation. Carmen's main role is to guide and engage programs and partners in a portfolio of projects that help achieve this vision.

Carmen is also the Co-Principal Investigator in the Data-Limited Fisheries Working Group under the auspices of the Science for Nature and People Partnership (SNAPP). The working group's comprehensive framework for guiding the assessment and management of data and capacity limited fisheries has now been developed by the Conservancy into an engagement process and online decision support tool named FishPath, which Carmen and her colleagues are applying to fisheries across the world.

Between 2004 and 2009, when Carmen joined the Global Oceans Team, she was part of the Conservancy's Central Science team where she led and authored TNC's global assessment on the status and threats to freshwater ecosystems and marine fisheries, which were key contributions to The Atlas of Global Conservation (University of California Press, 2010).

She and her Conservancy co-authors compiled and developed an unprecedented number of global maps to describe the state of the natural world, which are available online. Before coming to the Conservancy, she worked for the World Resources Institute where she focused on developing indicators that helped assess the condition and threats to freshwater and marine ecosystems. She also worked in translating science into policy measures to improve the management of fisheries and freshwater resources.

She has published a number of influential books, reports and papers relating to the condition of marine and inland fisheries and freshwater ecosystems, including the report titled: Fishing for Answers: Making sense of the global fish crisis (WRI 2004) which was used as the basis for a Bill Moyer's PBS special feature on overfishing. She holds degrees in Zoology and Conservation Biology from the Universidad Complutense in Madrid, Spain and the University of Maryland in the U.S.

She frequently speaks on fisheries and freshwater topics at national and international conferences and has been involved in multiple global assessments including the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, the World Water Development Report and the 2010 Biodiversity Indicators Partnership.

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Visit Carmen's Google Scholar Profile for a full list of publications.


Turak, E., Dudgeon, D., Harrison, I.J., Freyhof, J., Wever, A.D., Revenga, C., Garcia-Moreno, J., Abell, R., Culp, J.M., Lento, J., Mora, B., Hilarides, L. & Flink, S. (2017). Observations of Inland Water Biodiversity: Progress, Needs and Priorities. In: The GEO Handbook on Biodiversity Observation Networks. Springer, Cham, pp. 165–186.

Turak, E., Harrison, I., Dudgeon, D., Abell, R., Bush, A., Darwall, W., Finlayson, C.M., Ferrier, S., Freyhof, J., Hermoso, V., Juffe-Bignoli, D., Linke, S., Nel, J., Patricio, H.C., Pittock, J., Raghavan, R., Revenga, C., Simaika, J.P. & De Wever, A. (2017). Essential Biodiversity Variables for measuring change in global freshwater biodiversity. Biological Conservation, SI:Measures of biodiversity, 213, 272–279.


Dowling, N., Wilson, J., Rudd, M., Babcock, E., Caillaux, M., Cope, J., Dougherty, D., Fujita, R., Gedamke, T., Gleason, M., Guttierrez, M., Hordyk, A., Maina, G., Mous, P., Ovando, D., Parma, A., Prince, J., Revenga, C., Rude, J., Szuwalski, C., Valencia, S. & Victor, S. (2016). FishPath: A Decision Support System for Assessing and Managing Data- and Capacity- Limited Fisheries. In: Assessing and Managing Data-Limited Fish Stocks (eds. Quinn II, T., Armstrong, J., Baker, M., Heifetz, J. & Witherell, D.). Alaska Sea Grant, University of Alaska Fairbanks.


McIntyre, P.B., Liermann, C.A.R. & Revenga, C. (2016). Linking freshwater fishery management to global food security and biodiversity conservation. PNAS, 113, 12880–12885.


Boucher, T.M., Spalding, M. & Revenga, C. (2013). Role and trends of protected areas in conservation. In: Encyclopedia of Biodiversity (Second Edition). Academic Press, Waltham, pp. 485–503.


McDonald, R.I., Olden, J.D., Opperman, J.J., Miller, W.M., Fargione, J., Revenga, C., Higgins, J.V. & Powell, J. (2012). Energy, Water and Fish: Biodiversity Impacts of Energy-Sector Water Demand in the United States Depend on Efficiency and Policy Measures. PLOS ONE, 7, e50219.


Abell, R., Thieme, M., Ricketts, T.H., Olwero, N., Ng, R., Petry, P., Dinerstein, E., Revenga, C. & Hoekstra, J. (2011). Concordance of freshwater and terrestrial biodiversity. Conservation Letters, 4, 127–136.

Lehner, B., Liermann, C.R., Revenga, C., Vörösmarty, C., Fekete, B., Crouzet, P., Döll, P., Endejan, M., Frenken, K., Magome, J., Nilsson, C., Robertson, J.C., Rödel, R., Sindorf, N. & Wisser, D. (2011). High-resolution mapping of the world’s reservoirs and dams for sustainable river-flow management. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 9, 494–502.

McDonald, R.I., Douglas, I., Revenga, C., Hale, R., Grimm, N., Grönwall, J. & Fekete, B. (2011). Global Urban Growth and the Geography of Water Availability, Quality, and Delivery. AMBIO, 40, 437–446.

McDonald, R.I., Green, P., Balk, D., Fekete, B.M., Revenga, C., Todd, M. & Montgomery, M. (2011). Urban growth, climate change, and freshwater availability. PNAS, 108, 6312–6317.


Hoekstra, J., Molnar, J.L., Jennings, M., Revenga, C., Spalding, M.D., Boucher, T.M., Robertson, J.C., Heibel, T.J. & Ellison, K. (2010). The atlas of global conservation: changes, challenges, and opportunities to make a difference. University of California Press, Oakland, CA.


Pereira, H.M., Leadley, P.W., Proença, V., Alkemade, R., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Fernandez-Manjarrés, J.F., Araújo, M.B., Balvanera, P., Biggs, R., Cheung, W.W.L., Chini, L., Cooper, H.D., Gilman, E.L., Guénette, S., Hurtt, G.C., Huntington, H.P., Mace, G.M., Oberdorff, T., Revenga, C., Rodrigues, P., Scholes, R.J., Sumaila, U.R. & Walpole, M. (2010). Scenarios for Global Biodiversity in the 21st Century. Science, 330, 1496–1501.

Richter, B., Sandra, P., Carmen, R., Thayer, S., Bernhard, L., Allegra, C. & Morgan, C. (2010). Lost in Development’s Shadow: The Downstream Human Consequences of Dams. Water Alternatives, 3.

Stiassny, M.L.J., Revenga, C. & Comer, P. (2010). Aquatic Ecosystems: Diversity and Dynamism. In: Fresh Water: The Essence of Life (eds. Mittermeier, C.G., Mittermeier, R.A., Farrell, T.A., Harrison, I.J., Upgren, A.J., Brooks, T.M. & Hoffmann, L.). Conservation International, Washington, D.C., pp. 90–117.


Abell, R., Blanch, S., Revenga, C. & Thieme, M. (2009). Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems. In: Encyclopedia of Inland Waters (ed. Likens, G.E.). Academic Press, Oxford, pp. 249–258.

Walpole, M., Almond, R.E.A., Besançon, C., Butchart, S.H.M., Campbell-Lendrum, D., Carr, G.M., Collen, B., Collette, L., Davidson, N.C., Dulloo, E., Fazel, A.M., Galloway, J.N., Gill, M., Goverse, T., Hockings, M., Leaman, D.J., Morgan, D.H.W., Revenga, C., Rickwood, C.J., Schutyser, F., Simons, S., Stattersfield, A.J., Tyrrell, T.D., Vié, J.-C. & Zimsky, M. (2009). Tracking Progress Toward the 2010 Biodiversity Target and Beyond. Science, 325, 1503–1504.


Abell, R., Thieme, M.L., Revenga, C., Bryer, M., Kottelat, M., Bogutskaya, N., Coad, B., Mandrak, N., Balderas, S.C., Bussing, W., Stiassny, M.L.J., Skelton, P., Allen, G.R., Unmack, P., Naseka, A., Ng, R., Sindorf, N., Robertson, J., Armijo, E., Higgins, J.V., Heibel, T.J., Wikramanayake, E., Olson, D., López, H.L., Reis, R.E., Lundberg, J.G., Sabaj Pérez, M.H. & Petry, P. (2008). Freshwater Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Biogeographic Units for Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation. BioScience, 58, 403–414.

Molnar, J.L., Gamboa, R.L., Revenga, C. & Spalding, M.D. (2008). Assessing the global threat of invasive species to marine biodiversity. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 6, 485–492.


Revenga, C. (2006). ¿Por qué deben preocuparnos los ecosistemas de agua dulce y su biodiversidad? Vanguardia Dossier, 80–90.

Watson, R., Revenga, C. & Kura, Y. (2006). Fishing gear associated with global marine catches: I. Database development. Fisheries Research, 79, 97–102.

Watson, R., Revenga, C. & Kura, Y. (2006). Fishing gear associated with global marine catches: II. Trends in trawling and dredging. Fisheries Research, 79, 103–111.


Allan, J.D., Abell, R., Hogan, Z., Revenga, C., Taylor, B.W., Welcomme, R.L. & Winemiller, K. (2005). Overfishing of Inland Waters. BioScience, 55, 1041–1051.

Nilsson, C., Reidy, C.A., Dynesius, M. & Revenga, C. (2005). Fragmentation and Flow Regulation of the World’s Large River Systems. Science, 308, 405–408.

Revenga, C. (2005). Developing indicators of ecosystem condition using geographic information systems and remote sensing. Reg Environ Change, 5, 205–214.

Revenga, C., Campbell, I., Abell, R., Villiers, P. de & Bryer, M. (2005). Prospects for monitoring freshwater ecosystems towards the 2010 targets. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 360, 397–413.

Vörösmarty, C.J., Douglas, E.M., Green, P.A. & Revenga, C. (2005). Geospatial Indicators of Emerging Water Stress: An Application to Africa. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 34, 230–236.


Pielke, R.A., Sr., Vörösmarty, C.J., Brunner, J., Revenga, C., Fekete, B., Green, P., Kura, Y. & Thompson, K. (2004). Case Studies. In: Vegetation, Water, Humans and the Climate: A New Perspective on an Interactive System, Global Change - The IGBP Series (eds. Kabat, P., Claussen, M., Whitlock, S., Gash, J.H.C., Guenni, L.B. de, Meybeck, M., Pielke, R., Vörösmarty, C.J., Hutjes, R.W.A. & Lütkemeier, S.). Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.

Smakhtin, V., Revenga, C. & Döll, P. (2004). A Pilot Global Assessment of Environmental Water Requirements and Scarcity. Water International, 29, 307–317.

Smakhtin, V.U., Revenga, C. & Doll, P. (2004). Taking into account environmental water requirements in global-scale water resources assessments (Report). International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Comprehensive Assessment Secretariat.


Johnson, N., Revenga, C. & Echeverria, J. (2001). Managing Water for People and Nature. Science, 292, 1071–1072.


Auclair, A.N.D., Lill, J.T. & Revenga, C. (1996). The role of climate variability and global warming in the dieback of Northern Hardwoods. Water Air Soil Pollut, 91, 163–186.