Dr. Alison Green
Alison Green Dr. Alison Green © Alison Green

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Alison Green

Senior Marine Scientist

Brisbane, Australia


    Designing Networks of Marine Managed Areas for People + Nature, Coral Reef Ecology + Monitoring


    Alison Green on Google Scholar


Dr. Alison Green is a marine scientist with more than 20 years’ experience ensuring that conservation and management are based on the best available science. Her key area of expertise is designing resilient networks of marine reserves to enhance fisheries productivity, protect biodiversity and adapt to changes in climate and ocean chemistry. Alison also has expertise in coral reef ecology, assessment and monitoring.

Alison has provided scientific advice for designing networks of marine managed areas (i.e. marine reserves and fisheries replenishment areas) at the international, national, provincial and local scale in ~20 countries (in the Pacific Islands, Southeast Asia, West Indian Ocean, Latin America and the Caribbean). She has also provided scientific training on designing networks of marine managed areas for field practitioners from ~70 countries worldwide through the Conservancy’s Reef Resilience NetworkThis required working with scientists, government officials and field practitioners in many different cultures, and providing scientific advice in different formats for different audiences.   

Alison has a Ph.D. in marine biology from James Cook University of North Queensland, and is an Adjunct Senior Research Fellow at the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies in Australia.

Prior to joining the Conservancy, she was the Director of Science, Technology and Information at the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority in Australia.

Alison is a coral reef fish twitcher, and can often be found with her head underwater trying to work out what on earth those small brown damselfishes are……..

Read Ali's blog posts on Cool Green Science 

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For a full listing of Alison Green's publications, please see her page on Google Scholar


Barneche, D., Barneche, D., Rezende, E., Parravicini, V., Maire, E., Edgar, G., Stuart-Smith, R., Arias-Gonzalez, J.,  Leite Ferreira, C., Friedlander, A., Green, A. et al. accepted Body size, reef area, and temperature predict global reef-fish species richness across spatial scales.  Global Ecology and Biogeography

Munguia-Vega, A., Green, A.L. et al. 2018 Ecological guidelines for designing networks of marine reserves in the unique biophysical environment of the Gulf of California. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries https://doi.org/10.1007/s11160-018-9529-y

Cinner, J.E., Maire, E., Huchery, C., MacNeil, M.A.,  Graham, N.A.J., Mora, C., McClanahan, T.R,  Barnes, M.L, Kittinger, J.N., Hicks, C.C., D'Agata, S., Hoey, A.S., Gurney, G.G., Feary,  D.A., Williams, I.D., Kulbicki, M., Vigliola, L., Wantiez, L., Edgar, G.J., Stuart-Smith, R.S., Sandin, S.A., Green, A.L. et al. 2018 The gravity of human impacts mediates coral reef conservation gains. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Harborne, A.R., Green, A.L., et al. 2018. Modelling and mapping regional-scale patterns of fishing impact and fish stocks to support coral-reef management in Micronesia. Diversity and Distributions DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12814.

Krueck, N.C., Legrand, C., Ahmadia, G.N., Estradivari, Green, A. et al. 2018 Reserve sizes needed to protect coral reef fishes. Conservation Letters 11(3): 1-9.


Krueck, N.C., Ahmadia, G.N., Green, A. et al. 2017 Incorporating larval dispersal into MPA design for both conservation and fisheries. Ecological Applications DOI: 10.1002/eap.1495.


Cinner, J. et al. 2016 Bright spots among the world’s coral reefs. Nature doi:10.1038/nature18607.

Weeks, R., Green, A.L., et al. 2016 Using reef fish movement to inform marine reserve design. Journal of Applied Ecology doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.12736.


Beger, M., McGowan, J., Treml, E.A., Green, A.L., et al. 2015 Integrating regional conservation priorities for multiple objectives into national policy.  Nature Communications 6:8208 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9208.

Green, A.L., Maypa, A.P, Almany, G.R., Rhodes, K.L., Weeks, R., Abesamis, R.A., Gleason, M.G., Mumby, P.J. and White, A.T. 2015. Larval dispersal and movement patterns of coral reef fishes, and implications for marine reserve network design. Biological Reviews 90 (4): 1215-1247.


Abesamis, R.A., Green, A.L., Russ, G.R., Jadloc, C.R.L. 2014 The intrinsic vulnerability to fishing of coral reef fishes and their differential recovery in fishery closures. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 24 (4): 1033-1063.

Anthony, K.R.N., Marshall, P.A., Abdulla, A., Beeden, R., Bergh, C.,  Black, R., Eakin, C.M., Game, E.T., Gooch, M., Graham, N.A.J., Green, A. et al. 2014 Operationalising resilience for adaptive coral reef management under global environmental change. Global Change Biology doi: 10.1111/gcb.12700

Green, A.L., Fernandes, L. et al. 2014. Designing marine reserves for fisheries management, biodiversity conservation and climate change adaptation. Coastal Management 42:143–159.

Walton, A., White, A.T., Tighe, S., Aliño, P., Laroya, L., Dermawan, A., Kasasiah, A., Abdul Hamid, S., Vave-Karamui, A., Genia, V., De Jesus Martins, L., Green, A.L. 2014. Establishing a functional region-wide Coral Triangle Marine Protected Area System. Coastal Management, 42:107–127.

Weeks, R., Aliño, P., Atkinson, S., Beldia, P., Binson, A., Campos, W.L., Djohani, R., Green, A.L., et al. 2014 Developing marine protected area networks in the Coral Triangle: Good Practices for Expanding the Coral Triangle Marine Protected Area System. Coastal Management 42:183–205.

White, A.T., Green, A.L. 2014 (Co-Editors) Introduction in Special Issue on Establishing a Region-wide System of Marine Protected Areas in the Coral Triangle. Coastal Management 42:81–86.

White, A.T., Aliño, P.M., Cros, A., Ahmad Fatan, N., Green, A.L., et al. 2014. Marine protected areas in the Coral Triangle: Progress, issues and options. Coastal Management42:87–106.


Birkeland, C., Green, A. et al. 2013 Substratum stability and coral reef resilience: insights from 90 years of disturbances on a reef in American Samoa. Micronesica 11: 1–15.

Edwards, C.B., Friedlander, A.M., A. Green et al. 2013 Global assessment of the status of coral reef herbivorous fishes: evidence for fishing effects. Proceedings of the Royal Society 281: 20131835.


Brewer, T., Cinner, J., Green, A., Pressey, R. 2012 Effects of human population density and proximity to markets on coral reef fishes vulnerable to extinction by fishingConservation Biology DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2012.01963.x

Brewer,T., Cinner, J., Fisher, R., Green, A., Wilson, S. 2012 Market access, population density, and socioeconomic development explain diversity and functional group biomass of coral reef fish assemblages. Global Environmental Change 22: 399-406.

McLeod, E., Green, A., Game, E., et al. 2012. Integrating climate & ocean change vulnerability into conservation planning. Coastal Management 40(6): 651-672.


Mora, C., Aburto-Oropeza, O., Ayala Bocos, A., Ayotte, P.M., Banks, S., Bauman, A.G.,  Beger, M., Bessudo, S., Booth, D.J., Brokovich, E., Brooks, A., Chabanet, P., Cinner, J.,  Cortés, J., Cupul Magaña, A., DeMartini, E., Edgar, G.J., Feary, D.A., Ferse, S.C.A., Friedlander, F., Gaston, K.J., Gough, C., Graham, N.A.J., Green, A. et al.2011  Human footprint and the linkage between diversity and function in reef fishes. Plos Biology 9(4): e1000606.

Veron, J.E.N., DeVantier, L.M., Turak, E., Green, A.L., et al. 2011 The Coral Triangle In: Dubinsky, Z. and Stambler, N. (eds) Corals Reefs: An Ecosystem in Transition”.


Klein, K.J., Ban, N.C., Halpern, B., Beger, M., Game, E.T., Grantham, H., Green, A., et al. 2010 Prioritizing land and sea conservation investments to protect coral reefs. PLoS One 5(8): e12431.


Brewer, T.D., Cinner, J.E., Green, A., Pandolfi, J.M. 2009 Thresholds and multiple scale interaction of environment, resource use, and market proximity on reef fishery resources in the Solomon Islands. Biological Conservation 142: 1797-1807.

Green, A., Smith, S.E. et al. 2009 Designing a resilient network of marine protected areas for Kimbe Bay, Papua New Guinea. Oryx 43(4): 488-498.

McCook, L.J., Almany, G.R., Berumen, M.L., Day, J.C., Green, A.L. et al. 2009 The challenge of incorporating connectivity science into coral reef management now: principles and practice.  Coral Reefs 28: 353-366.

McLeod, E., Salm, R., Green, A., Almany, J. 2009 Designing marine protected area networks to address the impacts of climate change.  Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7: 362-370.

Veron, J.E.N., DeVantier, L.M., Turak, E., Green, A.L., et al. 2009 Delineating the Coral Triangle.  Galaxea 11: 1-10.


Schroeder, R.E., Green, A.L. et al. 2008 Long term effects of a ship-grounding on coral reef fish assemblages at Rose Atoll, American Samoa. Bulletin of Marine Science 82(3): 345–364.

Chadwick, V., Green, A.  2002 Managing the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park and World Heritage Area through critical issues management: science and management. Proc. 9th ICRS 2: 681-686

Green, A.L., Craig, P. 1999 Population size and structure of giant clams at Rose Atoll, an important refuge in the Samoan Archipelago. Coral Reefs 18(3): 205-211

Green, A.L., Birkeland, C., Randall, R. 1999 Twenty years of disturbance and change in Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary, American Samoa.  Pacific Science 53(4): 376-400.

Green, A.L. 1998 Spatio-temporal patterns of recruitment of labroid fishes (Pisces: Labridae and Scaridae) to damselfish territories. Environmental Biology of Fishes 51: 235-144.

Green, A.L., Birkeland, C., et al. 1997 78 years of coral reef degradation in Pago Pago Harbor, American Samoa: a quantitative record. Proc. 8th ICRS 2: 1883-1888

Green, A.L. 1996 Spatial, temporal and ontogenetic patterns of habitat use by coral reef fishes (Family Labridae). Marine Ecology Progress Series 133: 1-11.

Green, A.L. 1992 Damselfish territories: focal sites for studies of the early life history of labroid fishes.  Proc. 7th ICRS 1: 601-605. 


Moritz, C., Vii, J., Anderson, P.,….Green, A. et al. (in press). Status and Trends of Coral Reefs of the Pacific. Published by UN Environment, Nairobi, Kenya, SPREP, Apia Samoa, CRIOBE, Moorea, French Polynesia, 224 pp.

Green, A.L., Chollett, I., Suarez, A., Dahlgren, C., et al. 2017. Biophysical principles for designing a network of replenishment zones for the Mesoamerican Reef System. Technical report produced by the Nature Conservancy et al., 64pp. 

Knowles, J.E., Green, A.L., Dahlgren, C., Arnett, F. 2017 Expanding The Bahamas Marine Protected Area Network to Protect 20% of the Marine and Coastal Environment by 2020” A Gap Analysis. A report prepared by The Nature Conservancy under the Bahamas Project. 78pp.  

Victor, S., Peterson, N., Green, A., et al. 2015 Refining the Palau Protected Areas Network Design. Report submitted to Ed Warner March 2015.

Ahmadia G.N, Wilson J.R. & Green A.L, 2013. Coral Reef Monitoring Protocol for Assessing Marine Protected Areas in the Coral Triangle. Coral Triangle Support Partnership, 83 pp.

Gombos, M., Atkinson, S., Green, A., & Flower, K. (Eds.). 2013. Designing Effective Locally Managed Areas in Tropical Marine Environments: A Booklet to Help Sustain Community Benefits through Management for Fisheries, Ecosystems, and Climate Change. Jakarta, Indonesia: USAID Coral Triangle Support Partnership.

Green, A., White, A., Kilarski, S. (Eds.) 2013. Designing marine protected area networks to achieve fisheries, biodiversity, and climate change objectives in tropical ecosystems: A practitioner guide. The Nature Conservancy, and the USAID Coral Triangle Support Partnership, Cebu City, Philippines. viii + 35 pp.

Wilson, J., Darmawan, A., Subijanto. J., Green, A., Sheppard, S.  2011. Scientific design of a resilient network of marine protected areas for the Lesser Sunda Ecoregion of the Coral Triangle.  Asia Pacific Marine Program. Report 2/11. 96 pp.

Green, A., Raynor, B., Cros, A., Whitford, L., Almany, J., Lubis, F. 2010 Measuring success of marine conservation in the Asia Pacific Region: Coral Triangle and Micronesia Challenge.  Asia Pacific Conservation Regional Marine Program Report No 1/10.

Green, A.L., Bellwood, D.R. 2009 Monitoring functional groups of herbivorous reef fishes as indicators of coral reef resilience. A practical guide for coral reef managers in the Asia Pacific Region. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. 

Hamilton, R., Green, A., Almany, J. (Eds.) 2009. Rapid ecological assessment: Northern Bismarck Sea, Papua New Guinea. Technical report of survey conducted August 13 to September 7, 2006. TNC Pacific Island Countries Report No. 1/09, 151 pp. 

Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Hoegh-Guldberg, H., Veron, J.E., Green, A.L., et al. 2009 The Coral Triangle and climate change: ecosystems, people and societies at risk. WWF Australia, Sydney, Australia.

Green, A.L, Lokani, P., Atu, W. et al. (eds) 2006 Solomon Island Marine Assessment. Technical report of survey conducted May 13 to June 17, 2004. TNC Pacific Island Countries Report No. 1/06. ISBN 9980-9964-4-7. 

Green, A.L. et al. 2006 Fisheries Resources: Coral Reef Fishes.  In: Green, A., P. Lokani, W. Atu et al. (eds.). Solomon Island Marine Assessment. Technical report of survey conducted May 13 to June 17, 2004. TNC Pacific Island Countries Report No. 1/06.   

Wilkinson, C., Green, A., et al. 2003 Monitoring coral reef marine protected areas. A practical guide on how monitoring can support effective management of MPAs. Australian Institute of Marine Science and the IUCN Marine Program, 2003. 68pp.

Green, A.L. 2002 Status of coral reefs on the main volcanic islands of American Samoa: a resurvey of long term monitoring sites (benthic communities, fish communities, and key macroinvertebrates). A report prepared for the Department of Marine and Wildlife Resources, American Samoa. 135 pp.

Green, A.L. 1997 An assessment of the status of the coral reef resources, and their patterns of use, in the U.S. Pacific Islands. Report to the Western Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Council, Honolulu Hawaii.  259 pp.

Green, A.L. 1996 Status of the coral reefs of the Samoan Archipelago. DMWR Biological Report Series, Pago Pago, American Samoa. 125 pp.

Green, A.L. 1994 The early life history of labroid fishes at Lizard Island, northern Great Barrier Reef. PhD thesis, Dept. of Marine Biology, James Cook University of North Queensland, Australia.