Several salmon fishing boats surrounded by gulls.
Salmon fishing A commercial salmon fishing vessel at work in Alaska’s Bristol Bay. © Brian Adams

Stories in Alaska

Salty Slang from Bristol Bay’s Commercial Fishing Fleet

Overheard from the men and women who work in one of the world’s last great wild salmon fisheries.

Every summer, 2,000 commercial fishing boats ply the waters of Alaska’s Bristol Bay to take part in the planet’s most spectacular wild salmon harvest. This commercial fishery is valued at $1.5 billion annually, making it a major economic driver for local communities, and the entire state of Alaska, and beyond. It’s a tradition dating back 130 years. Today, Bristol Bay continues to be home to the most remarkable wild salmon runs on Earth. 

Here’s some of the slang overheard from the men and women who work on Bristol Bay’s commercial fishing boats.

Text in italics that says 'Corked'.
Corked When one fishing boat sets its net right in front of another boat’s net, that net’s been corked!

1) Corked

Historically, the floats on a fishing net were made of cork or wood. When one fishing boat sets its net and blocks the net of another boat, a captain might be heard to say, “I’ve been corked!” Or, to put it another way, corking someone’s net is akin to cutting in line. Corking isn’t at all illegal but it can run afoul of the unwritten rules that govern so much of the fishing life.

A fishing boat in Bristol Bay
Bristol Bay Fishing Etiquette In the most competitive fishing areas, corking, or setting a net right in front of another boat, is sometimes frowned upon but it’s also a fact of life in the most competitive fisheries. © Clark James Mishler
Text in italics that says 'In 'em'.
In 'em When a fishing crew says “We’re in ‘em,” it means the fishing is good.

2) In ‘em

When the fishing is really good and a boat’s catching plenty of fish, you might hear a crew member give a celebratory shout: “We’re in ‘em!”

Text in italics that says 'Wall o' Fish'.
Wall o' Fish Wall o' Fish describes the incredible push of wild salmon at the peak of the seasonal run in Bristol Bay.

3) Wall o’ Fish

When 40 million wild salmon funnel into Bristol Bay from all across the North Pacific Ocean, the peak of the migration brings a terrific number of fish each summer. The run begins with a trickle, and it ends with a trickle, but at the peak of the run the fish seem to come all at once, like a wall o’ fish.

Commercial salmon fishermen in Alaska's Bristol Bay
Crewing a Drift Boat Bristol Bay fishing boats are mostly 32-foot, family-owned vessels whose crew members are affectionately called drifters. © Clark James Mishler
Text in italics that says 'Drifter'.
Drifter The crew members on Alaska’s drift boats? They’re known as drifters!

4) Drifter

Most commercial fishing boats in Bristol Bay are relatively small, family-owned vessels known as drift boats. The raingear-clad men and women who captain and crew these 32-foot vessels are known, rather affectionately, as drifters.

Text in italics that says 'Jumper'.
Jumper The sight of a jumper—a fish leaping out of the water—is considered a sign of plenty more fish beneath the water’s surface. Plus, good fishing to come!

5) Jumper

Fishing boat captains believe the sight of a single leaping salmon means the underwater migration is underway. When a fish leaps—once, twice, maybe three times or more—fishermen agree it means salmon are coming. The sight of a jumper has a way of quickening the pace of anyone who loves to catch wild salmon.