The Valdivian Coastal Reserve. Protecting biodiversity and fighting climate change.
The Valdivian Coastal Reserve is part of an ancient temperate rainforest rising from Chile’s southern coastline.
This vast stretch of coastal forest is a remnant of millennia past — when it was connected to the forests of New Zealand and Australia. In fact, some species are more closely related to species from those distant places rather than the Americas. Two of Earth's longest-living species (olivillo and alecre) are located here.
In March 2005, TNC acquired the land where the reserve now stands from a bankrupt forestry company. Since then, the Conservancy has been managing the Valdivian Coastal Reserve. We works closely with neighboring fishing villages and indigenous communities to maintain traditional land uses and encourage compatible local economic development as part of the Reserve’s overall conservation strategy.
Today, the 150,000 acre Reserve is:
- A unique nature preserve that ensures the protection of native forests and numerous endemic species.
- A stunning natural environment inviting to both tourists and locals.
- The site of Chile’s first REDD (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation)
- A resource for sustainable development projects undertaken by local community groups.
- A research center working to streamline conservation work in the region.
- An important native forest restoration pilot site.
We are protecting and restoring the Reserve’s critically important habitats.
The temperate rainforest of the Valdivian Coastal Range extends for one million acres, but before the creation of the Valdivian Coastal Reserve, less than 2.4% was protected. Today, the Reserve helps protect an additional 12% of this rare temperate rainforest. The Reserve is protected by numerous, well-qualified personnel committed to its conservation: park guards secure, maintain and inform visitors about the Reserve and a fire brigade is on-hand to put out any local wildfires and protect the forests and neighboring communities.
- The Valdivian Coastal Reserve is the site of Chile’s first REDD (Reduced Emissons from Deforestation and Degredation) program. REDD was developed to highlight the important role of forests in climate change mitigation, and to leverage the financial support of voluntary carbon market participants in order to help ensure the Reserve’s long term protection.
- TNC developed the program using rigorous scientific methodologies authorized by the globally-recognized carbon standard, the Verified Carbon Standard.
- Our purchase of the property in 2003 prevented ongoing legal conversion of native rainforest to non-native exotic timber plantations for production of wood pulp, and prevented the completion of a coastal highway that was under construction within the Reserve.
- These actions to stop deforestation and conversion of forests to alternate uses have resulted in third-party verified greenhouse gas emissions reductions of over 440,000 net metric tons carbon dioxide.
- The Valdivian Coastal Reserve has become the first forest carbon project in Chile to receive Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance (CCB standards) verification for its carbon credits that combat climate change and contributing to the conservation of biodiversity and to the development of nearby communities.