Justin Adams, Global Managing Director of Lands
Justin Adams Justin Adams, Global Managing Director of Lands © Cade Martin

Our People

Justin Adams

Executive Director, Tropical Forest Alliance (Currently seconded to the TFA from The Nature Conservancy)

London, England

  • AREA OF EXPERTISE

    Alternative Energy, Land Conservation, Food Security

Biography

Justin Adams is Executive Director of the Tropical Forest Alliance (currently seconded to the TFA from The Nature Conservancy).

Previously, Justin served as the Managing Director for Global Lands at The Nature Conservancy, where he led a broad team of Conservancy staff operating at the intersection of global development and environmental challenges, including sustainable agriculture, forests and climate change, smart infrastructure, and indigenous and communal conservation.

He believes passionately that we have to find new models to balance competing priorities for land including food security, sustainable energy production and sustainable livelihoods, while also conserving and restoring nature to deliver the critical ecosystem services on which all life depends.

Justin has spent more than 20 years championing innovation and sustainability. Most recently he has worked as a Senior Advisor to the World Bank where he helped design and raise $300 million for the BioCarbon Fund’s Initiative for Sustainable Forested Landscapes. He also served as a Senior Advisor to the Duke of Westminster’s new agricultural fund – Wheatsheaf Investments and built a boutique advisory business working with NGOs and companies on issues including palm oil expansion, restoring degraded lands, improving smallholder yields and sustainable bioenergy.

Before joining TNC, Justin was a senior executive at BP for 10 years where he helped to build its $8 billion renewables division, Alternative Energy. As Vice President of Strategy and Innovation, he created and led BP’s corporate venture arm – BP Ventures – managing an investment portfolio of $150 million across 30 entrepreneurial companies. He also consolidated and led BP’s carbon-related activities (including carbon capture & storage and REDD) under the banner of Carbon Solutions. In his previous role as Director Long-Term Technology and Innovation, he helped establish a number of pioneering public-private technology and innovation initiatives and partnerships in China, India, the United States and the United Kingdom.

Justin is a Fellow at the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment at the University of Oxford and is also completing a role as Chairman of Mendel Plant Sciences. He received a Bachelor’s degree in Business Administration and Management from the University of Bath, in the United Kingdom.

+ more - less
×
Show Filter
By Topic
[] [] [] [] [] [{"title":"Five Reflections on the IPCC Climate Change Report ","description":"The UN’s IPCC report on the climate warned that unprecedented changes were needed to slow or stop global warming. Could this be a much-needed catalyst for action?","link":"https://www.nature.org/en-us/what-we-do/our-insights/perspectives/five-reflections-on-the-ipcc-climate-change-report/","target":"_self","desktopImageCrop":"left-top","mobileImageCrop":"left-top","pageImageAlt":"and the 13 other undeveloped barrier islands of the Virginia Coast Reserve help buffer Eastern Shore communities from storms.","articleDate":"Oct 24, 2018","articleAuthor":["Justin Adams"],"contentTypeTag":"Blog","geoLocationTag":["Global"],"topicTag":["climate policy","climate change","conservation work","natural climate solutions"],"placesWeProtectTag":[],"businesstags":["Global Insights"],"businesstags_ids":["tnc:business-group/global-insights"],"pageImage":{"small":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/VCR_Aerial.JPG?crop=0,0,4000,3000&wid=300&hei=225&scl=13.333333333333334","default":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/VCR_Aerial.JPG?crop=0,0,4000,3000&wid=300&hei=225&scl=13.333333333333334","medium2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/VCR_Aerial.JPG?crop=0,0,4000,3000&wid=800&hei=600&scl=5.0","large":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/VCR_Aerial.JPG?crop=0,0,4000,3000&wid=800&hei=600&scl=5.0","small2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/VCR_Aerial.JPG?crop=0,0,4000,3000&wid=600&hei=450&scl=6.666666666666667","medium":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/VCR_Aerial.JPG?crop=0,0,4000,3000&wid=800&hei=600&scl=5.0","large2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/VCR_Aerial.JPG?crop=0,0,4000,3000&wid=1600&hei=1200&scl=2.5"}},{"title":"There is a Forgotten Solution to Climate Change That We Must Invest In – Nature","description":"We have forgotten the role nature can play in mitigating climate change.","link":"https://www.nature.org/en-us/what-we-do/our-insights/perspectives/forgotten-solution-to-climate-change/","target":"_self","desktopImageCrop":"center-middle","mobileImageCrop":"center-middle","pageImageAlt":"Looking up at evergreen trees in California","articleDate":"Aug 30, 2018","articleAuthor":["Justin Adams"],"contentTypeTag":"Blog","geoLocationTag":["Global"],"topicTag":["climate science","science","conservation work","natural climate solutions","climate change"],"placesWeProtectTag":[],"businesstags":["Global Insights","Tackle Climate Change","Our Priorities"],"businesstags_ids":["tnc:business-group/global-insights","tnc:business-group/our-priorities/tackle-climate-change","tnc:business-group/our-priorities"],"pageImage":{"small":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/casey-horner-487085-unsplash.jpg?crop=300,0,4871,3654&wid=300&hei=225&scl=16.24","default":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/casey-horner-487085-unsplash.jpg?crop=300,0,4871,3654&wid=300&hei=225&scl=16.24","medium2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/casey-horner-487085-unsplash.jpg?crop=300,0,4872,3654&wid=800&hei=600&scl=6.09","large":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/casey-horner-487085-unsplash.jpg?crop=300,0,4872,3654&wid=800&hei=600&scl=6.09","small2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/casey-horner-487085-unsplash.jpg?crop=300,0,4871,3654&wid=600&hei=450&scl=8.12","medium":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/casey-horner-487085-unsplash.jpg?crop=300,0,4872,3654&wid=800&hei=600&scl=6.09","large2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/casey-horner-487085-unsplash.jpg?crop=300,0,4872,3654&wid=1600&hei=1200&scl=3.045"}},{"title":"Who's Best Qualified to Look After Our Natural Resources?","description":"We have the opportunity to blend traditional knowledge and science with western knowledge and science.","link":"https://www.nature.org/en-us/what-we-do/our-insights/perspectives/whos-best-qualified-to-look-after-our-natural-resources/","target":"_self","desktopImageCrop":"center-middle","mobileImageCrop":"center-middle","pageImageAlt":"Xikrin women painting each other's faces.","articleDate":"Aug 08, 2018","articleAuthor":["Justin Adams"],"contentTypeTag":"Blog","geoLocationTag":["Mongolia","Asia Pacific","Australia","Brazil","Latin America","Africa"],"topicTag":["community conservation","conservation work","indigenous peoples","local communities","people and nature"],"placesWeProtectTag":[],"businesstags":["Global Insights"],"businesstags_ids":["tnc:business-group/global-insights"],"pageImage":{"small":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/Xikrin%20women%20painting.jpg?crop=405,0,6549,4912&wid=300&hei=225&scl=21.83111111111111","default":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/Xikrin%20women%20painting.jpg?crop=405,0,6549,4912&wid=300&hei=225&scl=21.83111111111111","medium2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/Xikrin%20women%20painting.jpg?crop=405,0,6549,4912&wid=800&hei=600&scl=8.186666666666667","large":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/Xikrin%20women%20painting.jpg?crop=405,0,6549,4912&wid=800&hei=600&scl=8.186666666666667","small2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/Xikrin%20women%20painting.jpg?crop=405,0,6549,4912&wid=600&hei=450&scl=10.915555555555555","medium":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/Xikrin%20women%20painting.jpg?crop=405,0,6549,4912&wid=800&hei=600&scl=8.186666666666667","large2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/Xikrin%20women%20painting.jpg?crop=405,0,6549,4912&wid=1600&hei=1200&scl=4.093333333333334"}},{"title":"Celebrating 10 Years of Conservation Success in The Land of Eternal Sky: Mongolia","description":"The first step towards better stewardship of natural resources is understanding what is there.","link":"https://www.nature.org/en-us/what-we-do/our-insights/perspectives/celebrating-10-years-mongolia/","target":"_self","desktopImageCrop":"center-middle","mobileImageCrop":"center-middle","pageImageAlt":"Gobi Desert, Mongolia","articleDate":"Aug 03, 2018","articleAuthor":["Justin Adams"],"contentTypeTag":"Blog","geoLocationTag":["Mongolia","Asia Pacific"],"topicTag":["indigenous peoples","community conservation","conservation work","grasslands","land conservation"],"placesWeProtectTag":[],"businesstags":["Global Insights"],"businesstags_ids":["tnc:business-group/global-insights"],"pageImage":{"small":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/Gobi_Desert_Mongolia.jpg?crop=614,0,2772,2079&wid=300&hei=225&scl=9.24","default":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/Gobi_Desert_Mongolia.jpg?crop=614,0,2772,2079&wid=300&hei=225&scl=9.24","medium2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/Gobi_Desert_Mongolia.jpg?crop=614,0,2772,2079&wid=800&hei=600&scl=3.465","large":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/Gobi_Desert_Mongolia.jpg?crop=614,0,2772,2079&wid=800&hei=600&scl=3.465","small2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/Gobi_Desert_Mongolia.jpg?crop=614,0,2772,2079&wid=600&hei=450&scl=4.62","medium":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/Gobi_Desert_Mongolia.jpg?crop=614,0,2772,2079&wid=800&hei=600&scl=3.465","large2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/Gobi_Desert_Mongolia.jpg?crop=614,0,2772,2079&wid=1600&hei=1200&scl=1.7325"}},{"title":"Natural Solutions To Climate Change","description":"Global leaders are increasingly realizing that the world cannot respond adequately to climate change if we ignore how forests, farms, and coasts are managed.","link":"https://www.nature.org/en-us/what-we-do/our-insights/perspectives/natural-solutions-to-climate-change/","target":"_self","desktopImageCrop":"center-middle","mobileImageCrop":"center-middle","pageImageAlt":"Forest along the Klamath River","articleDate":"Nov 22, 2017","articleAuthor":["Justin Adams"],"contentTypeTag":"Blog","geoLocationTag":[],"topicTag":["natural climate solutions","climate change","conservation work"],"placesWeProtectTag":[],"businesstags":["Global Insights"],"businesstags_ids":["tnc:business-group/global-insights"],"pageImage":{"small":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_74399907_Full.jpg?crop=405,0,6549,4912&wid=300&hei=225&scl=21.83111111111111","default":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_74399907_Full.jpg?crop=405,0,6549,4912&wid=300&hei=225&scl=21.83111111111111","medium2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_74399907_Full.jpg?crop=405,0,6549,4912&wid=800&hei=600&scl=8.186666666666667","large":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_74399907_Full.jpg?crop=405,0,6549,4912&wid=800&hei=600&scl=8.186666666666667","small2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_74399907_Full.jpg?crop=405,0,6549,4912&wid=600&hei=450&scl=10.915555555555555","medium":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_74399907_Full.jpg?crop=405,0,6549,4912&wid=800&hei=600&scl=8.186666666666667","large2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_74399907_Full.jpg?crop=405,0,6549,4912&wid=1600&hei=1200&scl=4.093333333333334"}},{"title":"Renewables Are Taking Off But We Still Have To Plan Them Sustainably","description":"We can’t forget about the important role that nature plays in mitigating climate change.","link":"https://www.nature.org/en-us/what-we-do/our-insights/perspectives/renewables-are-taking-off-but-we-still-have-to-plan-them-sustainably/","target":"_self","desktopImageCrop":"center-middle","mobileImageCrop":"center-middle","pageImageAlt":"Night photograph of the Spearville Wind Farm just north of the town of Spearville, in Ford County, Kansas ","articleDate":"Jul 12, 2017","articleAuthor":["Justin Adams"],"contentTypeTag":"Blog","geoLocationTag":["Global"],"topicTag":["solar power","energy","conservation work","renewable energy","wind power","natural climate solutions","climate change"],"placesWeProtectTag":[],"businesstags":["Global Insights"],"businesstags_ids":["tnc:business-group/global-insights"],"pageImage":{"small":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_34078983_Full.jpg?crop=240,0,3776,2832&wid=300&hei=225&scl=12.586666666666666","default":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_34078983_Full.jpg?crop=240,0,3776,2832&wid=300&hei=225&scl=12.586666666666666","medium2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_34078983_Full.jpg?crop=240,0,3776,2832&wid=800&hei=600&scl=4.72","large":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_34078983_Full.jpg?crop=240,0,3776,2832&wid=800&hei=600&scl=4.72","small2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_34078983_Full.jpg?crop=240,0,3776,2832&wid=600&hei=450&scl=6.293333333333333","medium":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_34078983_Full.jpg?crop=240,0,3776,2832&wid=800&hei=600&scl=4.72","large2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_34078983_Full.jpg?crop=240,0,3776,2832&wid=1600&hei=1200&scl=2.36"}},{"title":"Rebuilding The World's Forests","description":"When forests have an economic value, they are more likely to be cultivated than destroyed.","link":"https://www.nature.org/en-us/what-we-do/our-insights/perspectives/rebuilding-the-worlds-forests/","target":"_self","desktopImageCrop":"center-middle","mobileImageCrop":"center-middle","pageImageAlt":"Road from Sumalindo IV base camp to the Dayak village of Long Laai, East Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia.","articleDate":"Mar 20, 2017","articleAuthor":["Justin Adams"],"contentTypeTag":"Blog","geoLocationTag":[],"topicTag":["forestry","life science","science","conservation work","natural climate solutions","climate change","economics","social sciences","conservation finance"],"placesWeProtectTag":[],"businesstags":["Global Insights"],"businesstags_ids":["tnc:business-group/global-insights"],"pageImage":{"small":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_51859534_Full.jpg?crop=270,0,4320,3240&wid=300&hei=225&scl=14.4","default":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_51859534_Full.jpg?crop=270,0,4320,3240&wid=300&hei=225&scl=14.4","medium2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_51859534_Full.jpg?crop=270,0,4320,3240&wid=800&hei=600&scl=5.4","large":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_51859534_Full.jpg?crop=270,0,4320,3240&wid=800&hei=600&scl=5.4","small2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_51859534_Full.jpg?crop=270,0,4320,3240&wid=600&hei=450&scl=7.2","medium":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_51859534_Full.jpg?crop=270,0,4320,3240&wid=800&hei=600&scl=5.4","large2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_51859534_Full.jpg?crop=270,0,4320,3240&wid=1600&hei=1200&scl=2.7"}},{"title":"The Forgotten Climate Solution","description":"The land sector has the potential to deliver at least 20% of the climate solution. What needs to happen to provide nature an equal seat at the table?","link":"https://www.nature.org/en-us/what-we-do/our-insights/perspectives/the-forgotten-climate-solution/","target":"_self","desktopImageCrop":"left-top","mobileImageCrop":"left-top","pageImageAlt":"An aerial view showing forest cleared for cattle ranching at Sao Felix do Xingu, a municipality in the Brazilian Amazon that has one of the highest rates of deforestation in the country.","articleDate":"Feb 17, 2016","articleAuthor":["Justin Adams"],"contentTypeTag":"Blog","geoLocationTag":[],"topicTag":["climate science","science","conservation work","natural climate solutions","climate change"],"placesWeProtectTag":[],"businesstags":["Global Insights"],"businesstags_ids":["tnc:business-group/global-insights"],"pageImage":{"small":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_34027180_1640x1230.jpg?crop=0,0,1640,1230&wid=300&hei=225&scl=5.466666666666667","default":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_34027180_1640x1230.jpg?crop=0,0,1640,1230&wid=300&hei=225&scl=5.466666666666667","medium2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_34027180_1640x1230.jpg?crop=0,0,1640,1230&wid=800&hei=600&scl=2.05","large":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_34027180_1640x1230.jpg?crop=0,0,1640,1230&wid=800&hei=600&scl=2.05","small2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_34027180_1640x1230.jpg?crop=0,0,1640,1230&wid=600&hei=450&scl=2.7333333333333334","medium":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_34027180_1640x1230.jpg?crop=0,0,1640,1230&wid=800&hei=600&scl=2.05","large2x":"https://natureconservancy-h.assetsadobe.com/is/image/content/dam/tnc/nature/en/photos/tnc_34027180_1640x1230.jpg?crop=0,0,1640,1230&wid=1600&hei=1200&scl=1.025"}}]

No Results


Bangladesh: Natural Solutions To Battle Climate Change – OpEd
, Eurasia Review - March 13, 2018

Opinion: The EU must lead on natural climate solutions, Thomson Reuters Foundation - February 21, 2018

Bitcoin'i unutun, ağaç dikmek daha kârlı!, Dünya Gazetesi - February 13, 2018

Droni che piantano alberi: la tecnologia che aiuta il pianeta, Green.it (Blog) - February 7, 2018

These 14 businesses are growing money on trees, GreenBiz - January 25, 2018

En Colombia, agricultores podrían incrementar su producción y reducir emisiones de carbono, HSB Noticias - December 7, 2017

Pour des solutions naturelles au réchauffement climatique, Les Échos - December 4, 2017

Soluciones naturales al cambio climático, La Nación Costa Rica - December 1, 2017

Embrace natural solutions for climate change problem, The Japan Times - November 24, 2017

Pour des solutions climatiques naturelles au réchauffement climatique, Médias 24 - November 24, 2017

Natural Solutions to Climate Change, Project Syndicate - November 22, 2017

Hay que invertir más en los bosques para frenar el cambio climático, Ambientum - November 9, 2017

Los estados desprecian con sus inversiones la capacidad de los bosques para frenar el cambio climático, El Diario - November 7, 2017 

COP23 de Bonn : après l'engagement, l'heure du passage à l'acte, L'Energeek - November 2, 2017

Temuan Baru, Peran Indonesia Dalam Pengurangan Emisi Gas..., Klik Samarinda (Siaran Pers) - November 1, 2017

La solution la plus efficace face à la crise climatique : planter des abres, UP Magazine - October 23, 2017

Planting trees could cut emissions as much as quitting oil, USA TODAY - October 19, 2017

Solusi Alami Kendalikan Pemanasan Global di Indonesia, Harian Ekonomi Neraca - October 19, 2017

Soluzioni naturali per abbattere le emissioni inquinanti nell'aria, Il Sole 24 Ore - October 19, 2017

La natura è il modo più economico per battere il cambiamento climatico, Greenreport: economia ecologica e sviluppo sostenibile - October 17, 2017

Dengan Menjaga Lahan Gambut, Indonesia Dapat Kurangi..., Okezone - October 17, 2017

Better Land Use Vital to Beating Climate Change, Courthouse News Service - October 16, 2017

Opinion: Stopping the cycle of dead zones in the Gulf of Mexico and beyond, Treehugger - July 19, 2017

Opinion: Renewables are taking off — but we still have to plan them sustainably, Devex - July 10, 2017

Nature a Powerful Force to Fight Climate Change, U.S. News & World Report - July 5, 2017

Humankind can't see the wood for the trees when it comes to clean air, Irish Examiner - March 27, 2017

World can't afford the price of deforestation, The Japan Times - March 22, 2017

How the forestry sector can add $120 billion to global GDP, GreenBiz - May 9, 2017

Rebuilding the World's Forests, Project Syndicate - March 20, 2017

Wooden 'plyscrapers' challenge concrete and steel, Reuters - February 22, 2017