The Andes Mountains runs parallel to Peru’s Pacific Ocean coastline, separating the country into three geographic regions: a narrow coastal plain to the west, the highlands in and around the Andes, and the Amazon rainforest to the east. The influence of the Andes and the Humboldt Current keep much of Peru cooler than it’s tropical equatorial neighbors. Because of its varied topography and climate, Peru has a high biodiversity that includes almost 6,000 endemic plant and animal species.

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