For many Georgians, the “Fall Line” means the place where north and south Georgia divide, but the term really comes from nature. There’s a change in the landscape that defines the Fall Line that naturally moves from Augusta in the east to Columbus in the west – and even into Alabama – where clay soils give way to sandier soils and rivers and streams “fall” from higher to lower elevations.
This landscape has been a natural destination for Native and European settlers for centuries. Vast longleaf pine forests dominated the area and the rich soil made living off the land possible. Rivers, streams and wetlands sustained abundant and varied native wildlife and plant communities.
But as population and farming along the Chattahoochee Fall Line grew, so did private and federal industry, drastically altering or endangering many of the region’s natural systems.
That’s why The Nature Conservancy is working with partners including private landowners, business interests, the Department of Defense and the Chattahoochee Fall Line Conservation Partnership to protect the ecological diversity and natural heritage of the Chattahoochee Fall Line while meeting the needs of this growing community. Foremost on the plan is to create a sustainable landscape of native wildlife and plant communities that support forestry, farming, hunting, outdoor recreation, tourism and the military training mission at Fort Benning.
Land protection is the primary strategy for conservation in this area, with an emphasis on property surrounding Fort Benning. As federal land, this large military installation has to actively work to protect the endangered species found here, specifically the red-cockaded woodpecker. When new lands around the base are protected, this gives the endangered birds more places to roam and rest, leading to healthier populations overall. Very tied to land protection is management, and that means fire in this neck of the woods. Longleaf pine forests need fire to rejuvenate, and the Conservancy is leading the way when it comes to prescribed fire on the Fall Line.
Read more about our work to secure a healthy, natural future for the Chattahoochee Fall Line and all that depend on it.
We have more in common than you might think. Read about our work with the U.S. military around the country.
Want to do your part to save longleaf pine, the habitat that red-cockaded woodpeckers rely on? Adopt an acre today!
Fire plays an essential role in many natural systems including longleaf pine. Learn more about fire