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Delaware

Restoring Ponders




Open to the Public

Yes

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In 2004, five years after establishing the Pemberton Forest Nature Preserve with the Pemberton Tract, the Conservancy acquired the 908-acre Ponders Tract from the Glatfelter Pulpwood Company. The Ponders Tract’s strategic location adjacent to the already established preserve and near the Redden State Forest provided an opportunity for expanding unbroken habitat for migrating birds and wide-ranging species. The Tract also contains two headwater streams for the Broadkill River which flows into the Delaware Bay.

Soon after acquiring the Ponders Tract, the Conservancy began an ambitious and aggressive restoration effort to reclaim coastal hardwood forests that once covered much of the site. Utilizing a mix of state-of-the art timber thinning and old-fashioned manual labor, the Conservancy has transformed 240 acres of loblolly pine plantation into a native coastal forest of oak, hickory, tulip poplar, sassafras, red maple and other hardwoods.

In other parts of the tract, the Conservancy transformed former logging roads into more than nine miles of public trails. Accomplishments at the Ponders Tract Trail System are largely due to volunteers, who put in an enormous amount of time planting trees, building the kiosk, clearing trails, constructing and installing benches, putting up trail and interpretive signs, and monitoring conditions.

Thanks to generous funding from partners and members, and time donated by dedicated by volunteers, the Ponders Tract Trail System provides people with the opportunity to view and appreciate birds, deer, amphibians, snakes and an array of dragonflies, damselflies and butterflies. In addition to thriving wildlife, the trails also provide a glimpse the tract’s diverse habitats, varying stages of forest succession, examples of active management and secluded spots where nature has been left to take its course. 

Size
The 908-acre Ponders Tract, together with the 456-acre Pemberton Tract, makes up the 1,364-acre Pemberton Forest Nature Preserve.

Location
North-central Sussex County

What’s At Stake
The Ponders Tract serves as a crucial stopover for neo-tropical birds such as the Black-and-White Warbler and Ovenbird. The Tract also contains small wetlands and vernal ponds that harbor reptile and amphibian species including Fowler’s Toad, Southern Leopard Frog and the Gray Tree Frog. Stands of Atlantic white cedar emerge from rivers and streams that eventually flow into the Delaware Bay. Hessel’s Hairstreak, a rare and threatened butterfly, has been observed in this portion of the preserve, and the endangered Delmarva fox squirrel has been documented nearby. 

Threats
Rapid development in this region poses a threat to wildlife habitat, ground and surface water, and to farmers, fisherman, the tourism industry and others who depend on the surrounding landscape to support livelihoods and sustain the local economy.

Milestones
2010 – Opened the Ponders Tract Trail System

2007 – Planted habitat islands on 30 acres; Volunteers conducted avian point counts to determine which bird species use Ponders throughout the year.

2004 – Acquired the Ponders Tract from Glatfelter Pulpwood Company; Began thinning a former loblolly pine plantation to make room for a native coastal hardwood forest.

Actions
Volunteers help with monitoring the Ponders Tract Trail System’s conditions, conduct trail work and look for the presence of non-native invasive weed species

Partners
USDA Forests Service Forest Legacy Program, State of Delaware, Sussex County Land Trust, Delaware Landowner Incentive Program, Vision Forestry, Boy Scouts of America and the many volunteers who have helped to restore lands and provide trail side amenities

Trail System Improvements Donors
Bank of America
Delaware Community Foundation
Delaware River & Bay Authority
DuPont Clear into the Future
Mary Pat Meyer
Brett Snyder and Anna Quisel 

Take an audio tour. Download an audio file to your mp3 player or phone, and listen to land steward John Graham provide a glimpse the tract’s diverse habitats, varying stages of forest succession, examples of active management and secluded spots where nature has been left to take its course.

Observe nature in action. Walk along parts of more than nine miles of trails making up the Ponders Tract Trail System. Pack a lunch and relax at one of the trail side benches to listen to the natural world. Beginning in late April and through early summer, the calls of several frog species can readily be heard across the preserve. Species like spring peeper begin calling in late February while others like gray tree frog can be heard from late May into early June. Nature lovers more in tune to locating plants should search for pond pine, and other plants uncommon in Delaware. 

Watch birds. Grab the binoculars and take advantage of excellent bird watching opportunities, especially during April and May when many species of neotropical migrants pass through Delaware. Some of these migrants make their summer homes at Ponders while others are moving north to their breeding grounds. 

Volunteer! Get involved at Ponders! With over 9 miles of trails there is always plenty to do to ensure that our visitors have a quality experience at Ponders.
 

The Ponders Tract Trail System is open to the public from dawn to dusk from mid-February through mid-August. The Conservancy closes the Ponders Tract Trail System during hunting season to maintain healthy deer populations, and prevent over browse within mature and newly established forestlands.

Check in at the trail head kiosk for additional information about the preserve and add your comments on our Preserve log or post them online.
 

Directions

From Wilmington (approximately 1.5 hours): Take Route 1 South to intersection with Route 5 to Milton. Turn right onto Route 5 toward Milton. At the light at the intersection with Route 16, take a right and head west. Go through intersection with Route 30 and in two miles look for the preserve sign on the right. Turn right into the preserve lane.

From the Washington/Baltimore area (approximately 2.5 hours): Take U.S. 50 East across the Bay Bridge. Turn left on Maryland Route 404 East. Before Bridgeville, DE, turn left on Route 16 heading northeast toward Greenwood. Follow route 16 past Route 13 and Route 113. About 4 miles east of Ellendale, look for the preserve sign on the left. Turn left into the preserve lane.

From Rehoboth Beach area (approximately 20-30 minutes): Take Route 9 west to Route 30 north towards Milton. Take a right onto Route 30. At the light at the intersection with Route 16, take a left and head west. Look for the preserve sign on the right. Turn right into the preserve lane.
 

Discussion

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