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Governance of The Nature Conservancy

Board of Directors Member Profiles
Teresa Beck, Utah

Teresa served as President of American Stores Co. from 1998 to 1999. She also served as the company's chief financial officer from 1993 to 1998. Prior to her career with American Stores, Teresa served as an audit manager for Ernst & Young and as a controller of the Steiner Financial Corp. of San Francisco. Teresa serves on Boards for Lexmark International where she is Chair of the Finance and Audit Committee; Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc where she service on the Audit Committee; and Questar Corp. where she is Chair of the Finance and Audit Committee.

Teresa was named one of eight Outstanding Directors for 2004 by The Institute of Outstanding Directors, in recognition of her efforts to overhaul financial reporting at Textron, Inc. In 1998, she was included in Fortune Magazine's first-ever list of the 50 most powerful women in American business.

David Blood, London, U.K.

David Blood is Senior Partner of Generation Investment Management, a fund management business dedicated to long term investment and integrated sustainability research.  Previously, David served as co-CEO and CEO of Goldman Sachs Asset Management. His responsibilities included all aspects of the global business including portfolio management, sales and client service, risk management and infrastructure.  David received a B.A. from Hamilton College and an M.B.A. from the Harvard Graduate School of Business.  He is on the Board of Hamilton College, Social Finance, (The Nature Conservancy), Harvest Power, SHINE and New Forests; the Advisory Board of Bridges Ventures and the Harvard Business School Visiting Committee.

Shona L. Brown, California

As a member of Google’s executive team since 2003, Shona Brown’s responsibilities as SVP, Business Operations were to build both the People Operations and Business Operations groups. In 2011, she transitioned to a role leading all of Google’s technology for social impact efforts and in January of 2013 she became a Googler Emeritus and moved into an advisory role with the company. In addition to her ongoing role with Google, Dr. Brown is currently serving in an advisory role with a small portfolio of technology start-ups. Prior to joining Google she was a partner at McKinsey & Company, a management consulting company, where her focus was working with consumer technology companies on growth, innovation, and transformation. Dr. Brown is the author of Competing on the Edge: Strategy as Structured Chaos, which introduced a new strategic model for competing in volatile markets. She is a director of the following non-profit organizations: The Bridgespan Group, The Nature Conservancy, Code for America, and The Exploratorium. She also serves on the board of PepsiCo. Dr. Brown has a bachelor's degree in computer systems engineering from Carleton University in Canada, an M.A. in economics and philosophy from Oxford University (which she attended as a Rhodes scholar), and a Ph.D. and postdoctoral degree from Stanford University's Department of Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management.

Gretchen C. Daily, California (on leave of absence)

Gretchen is the Director, Center for Conservation Biology, Bing Professor of Environmental Science, Department of Biology, and Senior Fellow, Woods Institute for the Environment at Stanford University.  An ecologist by training, Daily’s work spans scientific research, teaching, public education, and working with leaders to advance practical approaches to environmental challenges.  Daily’s scientific research is on countryside biogeography and the future dynamics of biodiversity change; on the scope for harmonizing biodiversity conservation and agriculture; on quantifying the production and value of ecosystem services across landscapes; and on new policy and finance mechanisms for integrating conservation and human development in major decisions.
 
Daily co-founded the Natural Capital Project, an international effort focused on achieving this integration through research, practical tools, and policy-oriented demonstrations in contrasting places around the world.  Daily works extensively with private landowners, economists, lawyers, business people, and government agencies to incorporate environmental issues into business practice and public policy.
 
Daily received her B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in Biological Sciences from Stanford University.  She is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, and serves on the boards of the Stockholm Resilience Center and The Nature Conservancy.  She has published ~200 scientific and popular articles and her most recent books are Natural Capital: Theory and Practice of Mapping Ecosystem Services (co-edited with Peter Kareiva and other colleagues) and The Power of Trees (co-produced with photographer Chuck Katz).

Steven A. Denning, Connecticut

Steve is the Chairman of General Atlantic. He joined the firm in 1980 and has built the organization into one of the leading global equity investment firms focused exclusively on investing in growth companies. He is a director of TASC, Inc., Gavilon Holdings, LLC, and The Thomson Reuters Corporation. Steve joined General Atlantic after working with McKinsey & Company as a consultant. He received an MBA from Stanford Business School in 1978. Prior to business school, Mr. Denning served six years in the U.S Navy, where he also obtained an MS degree from the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California. He received a BS from the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1970. Steve is Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Stanford University. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and an Honorary Trustee of the Brookings Institute, and the American Museum of Natural History.

He is Emeritus Chairman of the Stanford Graduate School of Business Advisory Board and the National Parks Conservation Association. He was formerly a member of The Bridgespan Group, the McKinsey Investment Office Advisory Council, the Advisory Board of the School of Economics and Management at Tsinghua University, the Board of Trustees of the Connecticut Science Center, the Georgia Tech Advisory Board and Georgia Tech Foundation and the Cancer Research Institute.

Joseph H. Gleberman, New York

Mr. Gleberman is the immediate past chairman of The Nature Conservancy's New York Chapter Board of Trustees. Mr. Gleberman is currently an Advisory Director at Goldman Sachs & Co. where he served as a Partner/Managing Director from 1990 to 2011 in the Merchant Banking and Investment Banking Divisions. Mr. Gleberman served as Chief Risk Officer for the Merchant Banking Division where he also led investments primarily in technology and health care. He also served as Head of Asia-Pacific Mergers and Acquisitions based in Tokyo and as co-head of the Mergers & Acquisitions High Technology Group in New York. He received an M.B.A. from Stanford in 1982 and a B.A. and an M.A. from Yale in 1980. Mr. Gleberman also serves on the Boards of the American Museum of Natural History, Manhattan Theater Club and the Common Sense Coalition.

Jeremy Grantham, Massachusetts

Jeremy Grantham is a co-founder GMO, an investment management firm in Boston, where he is the firm's chief investment strategist, a member of the board and an active member of its asset allocation division. In 1998 Jeremy and his wife Hannelore established the Grantham Foundation for the Protection of the Environment. The Grantham Foundation seeks to protect and improve the health of the global environment. Its grants focus on climate change and biodiversity conservation, with an emphasis on international initiatives. Within these topic areas, the Grantham Foundation emphasizes (1) improved communication of the science of global climate change and biodiversity loss and (2) collaboration amongst leading non-governmental organizations and academic institutions. Key grant programs include the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment at the London School of Economics, Grantham Institute for Climate Change at Imperial College in London, and the Grantham Prize for Excellence in Environmental Journalism. Jeremy earned his undergraduate degree from the University of Sheffield (U.K.) and an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School.

Frank E. Loy, Washington, D.C.

Former under secretary of state for global affairs from 1998 to 2001, Loy coordinated U.S. foreign relations on issues such as the environment, the promotion of democracy, human rights, refugees and humanitarian affairs and counter-narcotics. In this position he served as the chief U.S. negotiator for climate change, as well as for treaties on trade in genetically-modified agricultural products.

From 1981-1995, Loy was president of the German Marshall Fund, a foundation focused on American and European political, economic and environmental relations. In addition, he was a founding director of The Institute of International Economics and of the Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe. He served in the Department of State from 1979-1981 as the director of the Bureau of Refugee Programs and from 1965-1970 as the deputy assistant secretary for economic affairs.  Loy also spent numerous years in the business community. He was senior vice-president for international affairs of Pan American Airlines, practiced corporate law with the Los Angeles firm of O’Melveny & Myers, and has served on numerous corporate boards of directors.

Jack Ma, China

Jack Ma is the lead founder of Alibaba Group and has been the chairman and chief executive officer of Alibaba Group since its inception in 1999.  Jack is responsible for the overall strategy and focus of Alibaba Group.   Jack is a pioneer in the Chinese Internet industry and in 1995 founded China Pages, widely believed to be China's first Internet-based company. From 1998 to 1999, Jack headed an information technology company established by the China International Electronic Commerce Center, a department of the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation.  

Jack currently serves on the board of SOFTBANK CORP., a leading digital information company that is publicly traded on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. He is also a director of Huayi Brothers Media Corporation, which is listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange. As a respected business leader, he was chosen by the World Economic Forum as a "Young Global Leader" in 2001, and selected by China Central Television and its viewers as one of the "Top 10 Business Leaders of the Year" in 2004. He was named one of the "25 Most Powerful Businesspeople in Asia" by Fortune magazine in 2005, a "Businessperson of the Year" by BusinessWeek magazine in 2007, and one of the 30 "World's Best CEOs" by Barron's in 2008.  In 2009, he was recognized as one of the “TIME 100: The World’s Most Influential People” by TIME magazine, one of "China's Most Powerful People" by BusinessWeek and one of the "Top 10 Most Respected Entrepreneurs in China" by Forbes Chinese edition. He also received the "2009 CCTV Economic Person of the Year: Business Leaders of the Decade Award." In 2010, he was named one of “Asia’s Heroes of Philanthropy” by Forbes Asia for his contribution to poverty and disaster relief in China, and one of the “Chinese Businesspeople of the Year” by Forbes Chinese edition.  In 2009, Jack became a trustee of The Nature Conservancy’s China program and joined the global board of directors of the organization in 2010.  Jack holds a bachelor’s degree in English from Hangzhou Teacher's Institute.  

Claudia Madrazo, Mexico

Claudia grew up in a family of educators and has been interested in learning and exploring the world since her childhood. Her need to explore and discover led her to art and its potential as a path of transformation. "For me, art is a discipline that activates and refines consciousness to shape internal and external realities with ethical and aesthetic forms. Active conscience is the capacity to observe, direct and transform thoughts, emotions and human behaviors in order to manifest new possibilities.” She manifests this approach through the co-creation of transformative experiences.

In 1992, Claudia founded La Vaca Independiente, a social enterprise focused on the principle of integrating art into daily life and schooling. She created the Development of Intelligence through Art program which has trained more than 25,000 teachers and benefited more than 500,000 students in Mexico. Today, La Vaca focuses on innovative education and the promotion of human development through art. In 2012, she founded Transformation through Art and Education, a not-for-profit organization, to expand the boundaries of art using this philosophy.

She is also committed to and engaged in conservation and sustainability issues and sits on the boards of The Nature Conservancy, the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, and the National Geographical Society’s International Council of Advisors. Claudia has a degree in Communications and Mass Media from the Universidad Iberoamericana, Mexico City, and a Master in Museums Studies from Essex University in the U.K. She is the author of nine books as well as essays and articles.

Craig O. McCaw, California

Craig McCaw is Chairman & CEO of Eagle River Inc., focused on strategic investments in the communications industry. Mr. McCaw is a telecommunications entrepreneur, who has started and built many companies over the past 30 years in the cable, cellular telephone and wireless broadband industries. Mr. McCaw acted as Chairman and CEO of McCaw Cellular Communications, which he built into the nation's leading provider of cellular services. The company was sold to AT&T Corp. in 1996. Following the sale of McCaw Cellular, Mr. McCaw restructured Nextel Communications and later founded Nextel International. He also co-founded Nextel Partners. In 2003, Mr. McCaw co-founded and served as Chairman of Clearwire Corporation, a wireless broadband company.

Mr. McCaw is President of the Craig & Susan McCaw Foundation which supports a variety of educational, environmental, and international economic development projects. Mr. McCaw served as Chairman and principal funder of the Free Willy Keiko Foundation and founded the Grameen Technology Center.

Mr. McCaw has served on a number of philanthropic boards including Conservation International, National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee, the Academy of Achievement, Horatio Alger Association of Distinguished Americans, Grameen Technology and the Friends of Nelson Mandela Foundation. Mr. McCaw is a graduate of Stanford University.

Thomas J. Meredith, Texas

Tom Meredith is a co-founder and general partner of Meritage Capital, L.P., an investment management firm specializing in multi-manager hedge funds.  Tom is also chief executive officer of MFI Capital, a private investment firm. He served as Acting Chief Financial Officer and Executive Vice President of Motorola from April 1, 2007 until March 1, 2008.  He is also a member of Motorola's Board of Directors. Previously, he served in a variety of capacities for Dell Inc., including chief financial officer, managing director of Dell Ventures and senior vice president of business development and strategy.  Mr. Meredith is an adjunct professor at the McCombs School of Business at the University of Texas and serves on the advisory boards of both the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania and the LBJ School at the University of Texas.  In addition to his position as a director of The Nature Conservancy, Mr. Meredith serves as director of the EastWest Institute.  Mr. Meredith received a B.S. degree in Political Science from St. Francis University, a J.D. degree from Duquesne University and an LL.M. degree in Taxation from Georgetown University.

Thomas S. Middleton, New York

Senior Managing Director of the Blackstone Group specializing in mergers and acquisitions in the communications industry. Prior to joining Blackstone he was Vice Chairman of Investment Banking and Head of the Telecom Group at Merrill Lynch. Tom also worked in mergers and acquisitions at Salomon Brothers and Kidder, Peabody. Tom is a Trustee and Former Chairman of the New York State Board of The Nature Conservancy. He's a Board member of the United Way of Pelham and The Pelham Arts Center. He serves on the Advisory Board of The Picture House, Huguenot Memorial Church, and Northwestern University Parents Fund.

Ana M. Parma, Argentina

Ana is an expert in fisheries modeling, assessment and management. Her research interests center on the study of fisheries from different angles, ranging from technical aspects of fish stock assessments, modeling and the design of effective harvest control rules, to institutional aspects of decision-making and fisheries governance. She was trained in fisheries modeling at the University of Washington, and worked for 10 years as an assessment scientist at the International Pacific Halibut Commission in Seattle, Washington, becoming involved with the assessment of several other data-rich, industrial fisheries in addition to Pacific halibut.

After returning to Argentina in 2000 to become a research scientist with CONICET, the Argentine Council for Science and Technology, the scope of her work broadened to include coastal reef and shellfish fisheries. Over recent years she has been involved with spatially explicit management approaches, and with the evaluation of formal and informal rules to regulate fishing access privileges in small-scale fisheries. She currently leads a project aimed at providing technical support for the development of a management plan for a multiple-use coastal marine protected area in Patagonia. The project integrates data from several sources to map the distribution of effort exerted by different fisheries and to overlay that information upon maps of benthic seascapes and critical habitat for vulnerable fish species. Groups of stakeholders involved with fisheries in the region will be identified, and their dependency on the resources extracted will be evaluated.

Parma has always worked at the interfaced between research and management, promoting the implementation of transparent, science-based decision-making processes in fisheries management. She has participated as an independent scientist in many scientific and policy advisory groups, panels and review committees in different countries and international organizations. As a member of the Advisory Panel to the Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna, she was the technical coordinator of the modeling work conducted to design a stock rebuilding strategy, the first of its kind to be adopted by a Regional Fisheries Management Organization.

Stephen Polasky, Minnesota

At the University of Minnesota, Polasky holds the Fesler-Lampert Chair in Ecological/Environmental Economics. His research interests include biodiversity conservation, ecosystem services, integrating ecological and economic analysis, renewable energy, and game theory. Polasky was the senior staff economist for environment and resources for the President's Council of Economic Advisers from 1998-1999, and served as associate editor and co-editor for the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management from 1996 to 2002. He's a member of the Environmental Economics Advisory Committee and the Committee on Valuing the Protection of Ecological Systems and Services for the Science Advisory Board of U.S. EPA.

James E. Rogers, North Carolina

Rogers most recently served as chairman of the board for Duke Energy, having been elected in January 2007. He also served as Duke Energy’s president and CEO from April 2006 until his retirement on July 1, 2013. Rogers became president and CEO of Duke Energy following the merger between Duke Energy and Cinergy in 2006. Before the merger, he served as Cinergy’s chairman and CEO. Prior to the formation of Cinergy, he joined PSI Energy in 1988 as the company’s chairman, president and CEO.

Rogers is currently a director of Cigna Corp. and Applied Materials Inc. In 2010 and 2011, he was named by the National Association of Corporate Directors’ Directorship magazine to its annual Directorship 100, recognizing the most influential people in corporate governance. Rogers has advocated investing in energy efficiency, modernizing the electric infrastructure, and pursuing advanced technologies to grow the economy and transition to a low-carbon future. He serves as vice chairman of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development. He was chairman of the Edison Electric Institute when it changed its position to support federal climate change legislation in 2007. He was also the founding chairman of the Institute for Electric Efficiency, a board member of the Alliance to Save Energy and past co-chair of the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency. He serves on the boards of directors of the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations and the World Association of Nuclear Operators. Rogers also serves on the board of Duke University’s Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions and is a lifetime member of the Council on Foreign Relations and in September 2011, UN Secretary-General Ban ki-Moon named him to a blue ribbon commission of business and NGO leaders known as the High-Level Group on Sustainable Energy for All. Rogers attended Emory University and earned Bachelor of Business Administration and Juris Doctor degrees from the University of Kentucky.

Muneer A. Satter, Illinois

Satter is a Managing Director at Goldman, Sachs & Co. in the Principal Investment Area and Global Head of the Mezzanine Group. He joined Goldman Sachs in 1988, moved to London in 1992 to co-head the firm’s merchant banking group in Europe, and was promoted as Partner and Managing Director in 1996. He is Co-Chairman of the Board of Diveo Broadband Networks, Inc., and serves on the Boards of CCC Information Services Group, Inc. and Grupo Clarin, S.A. Satter received a B.A. from Northwestern University, a J.D. from Harvard Law School, and an M.B.A. from the Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration.  He is Co-Chairman of the Board for Room-to-Read, an international youth literacy organization based in San Francisco that serves youth in the Asia/Pacific region.

Thomas J. Tierney, Massachusetts

Chairman and Co-founder, The Bridgespan Group, Inc. Tom Tierney is a recognized leader in serving the nonprofit sector. In 1999, he co-founded The Bridgespan Group, an independent, nonprofit organization that collaborates with mission-driven leaders and organizations to help accelerate social impact. During 2000, he stepped down as Bain & Company's chief executive to concentrate on Bridgespan-related activities. Tom frequently speaks and writes on a variety of topics related to nonprofit leadership and philanthropy. He co-authored a popular book about organization and strategy, Aligning the Stars (2002, Harvard Business School Press).He co-authored with Joel L. Fleishman Give Smart: Philanthropy That Gets Results (2011, Public Affairs), and in 2012 led the production of Conversations with Remarkable Givers, a groundbreaking, free video series of candid conversations with a range of extraordinary philanthropists.

In 2014 Tom was appointed to the West Point Class of 1951 Chair for the Study of Leadership. Tom received his MBA from Harvard Business School and a BA in Economics from University of California at Davis.

Board member: Chair of Harvard Business School Social Enterprise Initiative; Overseer at Hoover Institution, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Harvard Business School Board of Dean’s Advisors; Corporation Member: Director: eBay, Incorporated; Past Board Member: National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, United Way of the Bay Area, United Way of Massachusetts Bay, The Committee for Economic Development, Catholic Charities, The California Nature Conservancy, WGBH, and The National Academies.

Moses K. Tsang, Hong Kong

Moses is Executive Chairman, AP Capital Holdings Inc. He has over 33 years of Asian capital markets experience. Prior to his current position, Moses served as Chairman & Managing Partner of Ajia Partners, and General Partner of Goldman Sachs Group, a global investment bank, where he led the establishment of the fixed income group in Tokyo and headed the debt syndicate group in London.  He served as the Chairman of Goldman Sachs (Asia) LLC between 1989 and 1994. Moses is Co-Chair of The Nature Conservancy’s Asia-Pacific Council and a member of its Board of Directors. He was a councilor of the Copenhagen Climate Council and serves as a Trustee of the Hong Kong Centre for Economic Research, the University of Hong Kong; a member of the Brown University Advisory Council in Asia, Brown University; a Non-Executive Independent Director of the Fubon Bank in Hong Kong and SOCAM Development Limited.  Moses is the past Chairman of the Parents Council (Hong Kong), Brown University; a past member of the Young Presidents’ Organization and current member of the World Presidents Organization.  Moses holds a BA from Bemidji State University of Minnesota, a MSW from the University of Iowa, and was a Graduate College Fellow of the University of Iowa and SSA Fellow of the University of Chicago.

Frances A Ulmer, Alaska

 

Fran Ulmer is the Chair of the US Arctic Research Commission (USARC), appointed by President Obama in 2011. In 2014, Secretary Kerry asked Ms. Ulmer to serve as Special Advisor on Arctic Science and Policy. In June 2010, President Obama appointed her to the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling. From 2007 to 2011, Ms. Ulmer served as Chancellor of the University of Alaska Anchorage, Alaska’s largest public university.Before that, she was a Distinguished Visiting Professor of Public Policy and Director of the Institute of Social and Economic Research at UAA. She is a member of the Global Board of the Nature Conservancy and chairs the Board of the National Parks Conservation Association.

Ms. Ulmer served as an elected official for 18 years as the mayor of Juneau, a state representative and as Lieutenant Governor of Alaska. She previously worked as legal counsel to the Alaska Legislature, legislative assistant to Governor Jay Hammond and Director of Policy Development for the state. In addition, she was the first Chair of the Alaska Coastal Policy Council and served for more than 10 years on the North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission. She has served on numerous local, state and federal advisory committees and boards. Ulmer earned a J.D. cum laude from the University of Wisconsin Law School, and has been a Fellow at the Institute of Politics at the Kennedy School of Government.

P. Roy Vagelos, New Jersey

Dr. Vagelos served as chief executive officer of Merck & Co., Inc. from July 1985 to June 1994, and as its chairman from April 1986 to November 1994. He was previously executive vice president of the worldwide health products company and, before that, president of its Research Division. Earlier, he served as chairman of the Department of Biological Chemistry of the School of Medicine at Washington University in St. Louis and as Founding Director of the University's Division of Biology and Biomedical Sciences. The author of more than 100 scientific papers, Dr. Vagelos is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Philosophical Society. He is also chairman of the Board of Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and is chairman of the Board of Advisors of Columbia University Medical Center. He also serves on the boards of the National Math and Science Initiative and the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center as well as the Scientific Advisory Board of the Chemistry Department of the University of Pennsylvania.

Margaret C. Whitman, California (on leave of absence)

Ms. Whitman has served as HP’s President and Chief Executive Officer since September 2011. She has also served as a member of the Board of Directors of HP since January 2011. From March 2011 to September 2011, Ms. Whitman served as a part-time strategic advisor to Kleiner, Perkins, Caulfield & Byers, a private equity firm. Ms. Whitman served as President and Chief Executive Officer of eBay Inc., an ecommerce and payments company, from 1998 to March 2008. Prior to joining eBay, Ms. Whitman held executive level positions at Hasbro Inc., a toy company, FTD, Inc., a floral products company, The Stride Rite Corporation, a footwear company, The Walt Disney Company, an entertainment company, and Bain & Company, a consulting company. She also served as a director of The Procter & Gamble Company from 2003 to 2008 and DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc. from 2005 to 2008, having resigned from both boards of directors in preparation for her 2010 California gubernatorial bid. She currently serves as a director of Procter & Gamble Company, Zipcar and Teach For America. Ms. Whitman received her bachelor’s degree in economics from Princeton University and an M.B.A from Harvard Business School.

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