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Craig Groves

Craig Groves

Executive Director, Science for Nature and People Partnership

Craig Groves is currently the Executive Director of the Science for Nature and People Partnership (SNAPP), a collaboration of The Nature Conservancy, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS). SNAPP funds and facilitates multi-disciplinary working groups to address some of conservation’s most challenging problems at the intersection of nature conservation, economic development, and human well being. He also serves as the Series Editor for IUCN’s World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) Best Practice Guidelines.

Prior to the SNAP Partnership, Craig directed the Conservation Methods Team in the Central Science group of the Conservancy, a team of scientists who work to improve conservation planning and monitoring methods, tools, and applications. From 2002-2007, Craig worked as a conservation biologist and planner for the Wildlife Conservation Society, both in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and in selected international projects. Earlier in his career, Craig launched the Idaho Natural Heritage Program (a cooperative biodiversity inventory program between TNC and state government), worked as a nongame and endangered species biologist for the Idaho Department of Fish and Game, and served as the Director of Conservation Planning for TNC from 1997-2002 where he led the efforts to develop ecoregional plans.

He has written and published a book on conservation planning Drafting a Conservation Blueprint, Island Press 2003 and Conservation Planning: Informed Decisions for a Healthier Planet (with co-author Eddie Game), MacMillan Learning 2015. Craig has also authored numerous popular and scientific articles on conservation planning and on the ecology of at-risk species in the Rocky Mountains. In 2015 he served on a National Academy of Sciences Panel to evaluate the US Fish and Wildlife Service Landscape Conservation Cooperatives.



Aycrigg, J.L., Groves, C., Hilty, J.A., Scott, J.M., Beier, P., Boyce, D.A., Jr., Figg, D., Hamilton, H., Haubold, E., Machlis, G., Muller, K., Rosenberg, K.V., Sauvajot, R.M., Shaffer, M. & Wentworth, R. (In Press). Completing the system: opportunities and challenges for a National Habitat Conservation System. BioScience.


Groves, C. & Game, E. (2015). Conservation planning: informed decisions for a healthier planet. 1st edition. Macmillan Learning, New York.

Montambault, J.R., Wongbusarakum, S., Leberer, T., Joseph, E., Andrew, W., Castro, F., Nevitt, B., Golbuu, Y., Oldiais, N.W., Groves, C.R., Kostka, W. & Houk, P. (2015). Use of monitoring data to support conservation management and policy decisions in Micronesia. Conservation Biology, 29, 1279–1289.


Dudley, N., Groves, C., Redford, K.H. & Stolton, S. (2014). Where now for protected areas? Setting the stage for the 2014 World Parks Congress. Oryx, 48, 496–503.

Kareiva, P., Groves, C. & Marvier, M. (2014). The evolving linkage between conservation science and practice at The Nature Conservancy. Journal of Applied Ecology, 51, 1137–1147.


Groves, C.R., Game, E.T., Anderson, M.G., Cross, M., Enquist, C., Ferdaña, Z., Girvetz, E., Gondor, A., Hall, K.R., Higgins, J., Marshall, R., Popper, K., Schill, S. & Shafer, S.L. (2012). Incorporating climate change into systematic conservation planning. Biodiversity and Conservation, 21, 1651–1671.


Game, E.T., Groves, C., Andersen, M., Cross, M., Enquist, C., Ferdaña, Z., Girvetz, E., Gondor, A., Hall, K., Higgins, J., Marshall, R., Popper, K. & Shafer, S.L. (2009). Incorporating climate change adaptation into regional conservation assessments. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, VA. 


Hilty, J.A. & Groves, C. (2008). Conservation planning: new tools and new approaches. In: Conservation for a new generation: redefining natural resources management (eds. Knight, R. & White, C.). Island Press, Washington, D.C.


Groves, C. (2003). Drafting a conservation blueprint: a practitioner’s guide to planning for biodiversity. Island Press, Washington, D.C.


Groves, C.R., Jensen, D.B., Valutis, L.L., Redford, K.H., Shaffer, M.L., Scott, J.M., Baumgartner, J.V., Higgins, J.V., Beck, M.W. & Anderson, M.G. (2002). Planning for biodiversity conservation: putting conservation science into practice. BioScience, 52, 499–512.


Groves, C., Valutis, L., Vosick, D., Neely, B., Wheaton, K., Touval, J. & Runnels, B. (2000). Designing a geography of hope: a practitioner’s handbook to ecoregional conservation planning. Nature Conservancy, Arlington, VA.

Craig Groves

Executive Director, Science for Nature and People Partnership