New York

The Heart of the Adirondacks: Preserving the Finch Lands

We're preserving the “Finch” lands in a way that ensures there's something for everyone.

When did this project start?

In 2007, a private equity firm purchased Finch, Pruyn & Co.’s manufacturing assets in Glens Falls; The Nature Conservancy purchased the company’s Adirondack forestlands—161,000 acres in all, featuring 415 miles of rivers and streams, 300 lakes and ponds, 90 mountain peaks and 16,000 acres of wetlands. The paper mill now operates under the name Finch Paper, and the Conservancy has been steadily implementing a thoughtful conservation plan for the forests.  

What does the plan look like?

The Nature Conservancy’s local Adirondack Chapter and New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, in consultation with a variety of interest groups and community leaders, have agreed to conserve and protect these lands as follows:

  • 92,000 acres will continue to be working forests with sustainable logging;
  • 65,000 acres will be transferred to the state to become part of the Forest Preserve;
  • 1,100 acres will be set aside for community purposes in three towns. 
Where are these lands located?

The lands touch six counties and 27 towns in the Adirondacks, with more than 80% of the property in these five towns: North Hudson, Minerva, Newcomb, Indian Lake and Long Lake. 

Have any stages of the plan been completed yet? 

Yes. Follow the timeline below.

  • December 2010 - 92,000 acres of commercial timberlands, now owned by a timber company, have been protected by a land preservation agreement called a conservation easement. The easement keeps the land in sustainable forestry, allows for continued recreational leasing, and secures some public access to places identified as important to local communities, including snowmobile connector trails in nearly a dozen towns.
  • Spring 2012 - The towns of Newcomb and Long Lake purchased parcels from the Conservancy for community purposes, and 1,700 acres of lands re-acquired by Finch in 2010 are now protected by conservation easement.
  • December 2012 - New York acquired from the Conservancy the 18,300-acre Chain Lakes-Hudson River parcel in the towns of Newcomb and Minerva. Check out our video from the first day the Chain Lakes were open for public access.
  • April 2013 - New York acquired from the Conservancy 9,885 acres, including the Indian River and OK Slip Falls-Blue Ledge tracts.
  • Spring 2014 - the Conservancy transferred 15 parcels to New York State. These new public lands include a popular mountain biking area near Saratoga Springs, an exposed cliff in Indian Lake now featured in a new rock climbing guide book, a large tract adjacent to the High Peaks Wilderness in Newcomb, as well as a mile long stretch of the Hudson River with “Mouse Rock” a geographic feature that helps rafting guides gauge water levels.
  • April 2015 – New York acquired from the Conservancy the 6,200-acre Macintyre East tract, featuring more than 5 miles of the Upper Hudson River and 7 miles of the Opalescent.
  • April 2016 – New York acquired the 20,758-acre Boreas Ponds tract—the jewel in the crown.  
Why protect these forests?

Through this project we are conserving forest lands that are vital to our health and quality of life. Our local forests in general provide natural filters for our air and water, helping to ensure that we have clean air to breathe and clean water to drink. Protecting these forests helps to ensure that future generations can enjoy them and reap the same benefits we do. 

Who will benefit from this conservation effort?

This plan reflects a balanced and thoughtful approach that meets the needs of loggers, wildlife, local businesses, and the tens of thousands of local residents and millions of visitors who use our forests for recreation. 

Does the project bolster forestry-related jobs?

The carefully considered plan meets the needs of loggers and other forest professionals by ensuring that more than half of the land will continue to be available for sustainable timber harvest operations.

does the project bolster the recreation and tourism economy?

Yes. As properties transfer to New York State, they are becoming available to the public for the first time in more than a century. Local guides are offering trips to places like OK Slip Falls and innkeepers are advertising their lodging as a base camp for accessing new state lands. In addition to securing the land, the Conservancy has provided $500,000 in grant funding to bolster the local recreation and tourism economy, which is among the Adirondack Park's most important economic sectors.

can i visit these new state lands?  

Yes. See our slideshow for inspiration, and check with the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation for specific information about access.

What about the hunt clubs?

Minor portions of the lands transferring to NYS are currently leased by private hunt clubs. Though these clubs will have to relocate to other privately owned forests, the plan allows for a 10-year transition (2008-2018) and ensures members will still have these lands to hunt on through public access. Several years ago, the Conservancy offered an opportunity to relocate camps onto adjacent or nearby conservation easement lands to all of the clubs affected by the pending transfers.


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