Iconic Wildlife of Idaho

Thanks to the committed support of many generations, Idaho has preserved every species of wildlife and many of the wild places once admired by Lewis and Clark. Here is a look at just a handful of the iconic animals that call Idaho home.

There are an estimated 107,000 Rocky Mountain Elk living throughout Idaho in a variety of habitats, from rainforests to alpine meadows, dry desert valleys to hardwood forests.

Wolverines are solitary, hearty animals known for their voracious appetite, athletic prowess and keen sense of smell. They require substantial swaths of snow-covered wilderness to survive. It is believed that fewer than 300 wolverines remain in the lower 48 states.

Idaho is home to more 3,100 miles of freshwater streams and rivers, more than any other state in the contiguous United States. Requiring clean cool water, trout serve as indicators of a healthy environment.

The greater sage grouse's elaborate mating ritual is a spectacle to behold. The birds' intriguing behaviors and declining populations through the West have made it a symbol of the need for conservation.

Watch your step! Rattlesnakes are native across all of Idaho except high elevation ranges and northern portions of the state.

Trumpeter Swans are found across southeast Idaho. There are around 100 adults during the breeding season but that number can grow to 3000 after birds arrive from Canada during winter months. Conservation efforts have increased the swan population but threats remain. (Idaho Dept. Fish and Game)

For salmon returning to spawn and rear in the Upper Salmon Basin in Idaho it’s the journey of a lifetime. From the ocean to the Salmon these extraordinary travelers swim 900 miles.

The mountain bluebird, Idaho's state bird, lights up the landscape in the fall and winter months.

Pronghorn cross South Central Idaho, between the Pioneer Mountains and the Upper Lemhi River Valley, on one of the longest migrations in the West. Conservation easements are essential in ensuring this migration corridor remains intact.

The black bear is the most common bear in Idaho, with a natural range that covers all of the panhandle. Grizzlies may also be encountered in the far northern and eastern portions of the state. This grizzly is the first to be documented at our Ball Creek Preserve.

If you spend enough time at the Silver Creek Preserve, chances are you will spot at least one of Idaho's estimated 10,000 to 12,000 moose.


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