The East Moloka'i Watershed Partnership was formed in November 1999 to protect the best remaining native forest watershed areas of the East Moloka'i Mountains.
The 44,100-acre East Moloka'i watershed encompasses the rain forested mountains of East Moloka'i and the remote valleys and sea cliffs along its spectacular northern coast. On the southern slopes, feral goats are denuding the landscape, resulting in massive erosion and sedimentation that is damaging the longest continuous fringing reef in the United States.
Since its grassroots formation in 1999, the East Moloka'i partnership has completed 15.7 miles of fencing to protect the remaining upper forest and has begun programs to reduce goat populations below the fence. By protecting the forest above the fence and restoring the land beneath it, farming and fishing activities along the coast will benefit.
The Nature Conservancy’s Moloka`i Program is the partnership coordinator.
The partnership uses the traditional Hawaiian land division, or ahupua'a, approach to protecting the East Moloka'i watershed, with the upper native forests systems as the highest priority. Such an approach tries to protect watershed areas from the mountain top to the sea.
Controlling threats such as hoofed animals and invasive weeds are key strategies to protecting the best remaining native forest areas and to increase vegetation to the highly denuded, eroding mid-elevation, thus reducing the sedimentation rate that is severely impacting the adjoining fringing reef.
- Reduction of feral animal and invasive weed populations
- Fences to protect upper forests from feral animal intrusion
- Monitoring systems that help guide and document management actions
- Community outreach that engages, educates and gains support of the local communities
- Continual development of the partnership through fundraising, capacity building and landowner expansion
- Involvement with fire (Moloka`i Fire Task Force) and island invasive species efforts (Moloka`i subcommittee of the Maui Invasive Species Committee)
- Kamehameha Schools Bishop Estate, Kamalo Ahupua‘a (3,566 acres), Keawanui Ahupua‘a (192 acres)
- Kapualei Ranch, Kapualei Ahupua‘a (1,680 acres)
- Kawela Plantation Homeowner’s Association, Kawela Ahupua‘a (5,500 acres)
- State of Hawai‘i DOFAW, Pu`u Ali‘i (1,330 acres) and Oloku‘i (1,620 acres) Natural Area Reserves, East ‘Ōhi‘a (220 acres), ‘Ualapu‘e (194 acres), Puko‘o (124 acres), Honouliwai and Keopukaloa (1,188 acres) ahupuaʻa
- National Parks Service, Kalaupapa National Historical Park (10,800 acres)
- The Nature Conservancy, Kamakou (2,774 acres) and Pelekunu Preserves (5,714 acres)
- The Thacker Corporation, Ka‘amola Ahupua‘a (33 acres)
- Pedro and Wond, West ‘Ōhi‘a Ahupua‘a (170 acres)
- Vernon Suzuki, Manawai Ahupua‘a (200 acres)
- Dunnam Trusts, Kalua‘aha Ahupua‘a (700 acres)
- Ilima Partners, Mapulehu and Puna‘ula Ahupua‘a (1,159 acres)
- Ambrose Hutchison Estate, Honomuni and Kawaikapu Ahupua‘a (500 acres)
- Moloka‘i Land Trust, Kawaikapu Ahupua‘a (200 acres)
- Dunbar Ranch Partners, Kainalu Ahupua‘a (400 acres)
- Maui County – funder
- Moloka`i/Lāna`i Soil and Water Conservation District – erosion experts
- USDA Natural Resource Conservation Services – erosion experts, funder
- US Fish & Wildlife Service – funder, rare species
- US Geological Services – hydrological, erosion and sedimentation experts
- EPA – non-point source pollution expert, funder
- Hawai`i Department of Health – non-point source pollution expert, funder
- MoPEP--Moloka'i Plant Extinction Prevention Program, rare plant/extinction prevention experts
Contact: The Nature Conservancy Moloka`i Program, (808) 553-5236, email@example.com
Key Plans: EMoWP 2016-2020 Management Plan; Pelekunu and Kamakou Preserves Long-Range Management Plans.