Our oceans are critical to all life on earth. Our oceans are the primary source of protein for one in seven people worldwide. They fuel economies—like fisheries, tourism and trade, and host some of the most ecologically valuable areas on the planet.
But as oceans become more stressed because of pollution, development, overfishing, and climate change, their ability to provide essential benefits to people and nature declines.
In California, The Conservancy has a team of scientists, technologists and business practitioners testing new, collaborative ways to protect ocean resources and coastal communities. We are demonstrating what innovative ocean management can look like—not only in California, but around the world.
© Corey Arnold
PARTNERING WITH FISHING COMMUNITIES TO IMPROVE OUR FISHERIES AND OCEANS
In California, our Fisheries Team is focused on solutions for healthy ocean ecosystems and thriving fisheries.
The people best positioned and motivated to restore ocean health are the ones that depend on it most: fishing communities. We work with fishermen and community leaders motivated to improve their fishery and match their expertise with our team’s cutting-edge science, technologies and unique experience. Together, we develop innovative fishery solutions that can better support healthy oceans, healthy fish populations, and resilient fishing communities.
Our Approach is Getting Results
Our efforts in California have resulted in breakthroughs that have helped rebuild fisheries, secure coastal jobs, and sustain important sources of seafood.
Groundfish: We’ve worked in partnership with fishermen and community leaders to help revitalize the West Coast groundfish fishery that collapsed over a decade and a half ago. Over the last decade we’ve demonstrated cooperative harvest practices, tested new technologies, conducted scientific research, and developed new institutions to maintain fishing rights in communities. We’ve helped the California Groundfish Collective reduce its bycatch of overfished species by 50% compared to the rest of the fleet, and together we tested electronic monitoring, a technology which uses video in place of human observers on fishing vessels, to inform new regulations that will provide a more cost-effective option for accountability. In addition, our team engages in seafood market incentives to support fishing businesses for fishermen who have changed their harvest methods to provide sustainable seafood people can trust.
Swordfish: Within the California swordfish fishery, we are testing new fishing gear with local fisherman and environmental researchers to target swordfish and avoid turtles, sharks, and marine mammals. Our shared goal is to apply the new gear to achieve profitable and sustainable swordfish businesses that bring high-quality fish to local California markets.
Dungeness crab: We are collaborating with West Coast Dungeness crab fishing communities, management agencies, and scientists, to find new ways to reduce the risk of whales becoming entangled in fishing gear and improve the response to free trapped whales. Together, we are building programs to retrieve crab pots lost by fishermen during the season and train fishermen to help participate in the response to free entangled whales.
Through this work, we're building innovative solutions to global conservation challenges.
Filling the Data Gap
One of the biggest challenges facing sustainable fisheries is the lack of information necessary for responsible management. These information gaps mean that managers, fishermen, and consumers are less informed and may be more likely to put ocean ecosystems at risk. One of the best ways to address this challenge is to work directly with fishermen, communities, and management agencies to build the tools and technology needed to allow fishermen to share real-time catch data with each other and with scientists and managers.
Transforming Fisheries Management
When fishermen participate in the management of their fisheries, it results in better solutions that support healthy, productive fisheries. By working directly with fishermen to build new tools and engage in demonstration experiments on the water, we are supporting new partnerships to ensure policy changes are informed by science and experience.
Our vision is to transform California’s fisheries by revolutionizing how they are managed. Success in California can then be replicated across more fisheries and ocean areas to achieve ocean health around the world.
Dunes at Moss Landing. © Kiliii Yuyan
USING NATURE TO PROTECT OUR COASTAL COMMUNITIES IN THE FACE OF SEA LEVEL RISE
When the Naval Base Ventura County found itself under threat from rising sea levels, it decided to consider retreat – managed retreat, that is – with the help of The Nature Conservancy. Under a Memorandum of Agreement, signed in 2016, TNC and the Navy are working collaboratively to design a Coastal Resilience plan for the Base that uses the natural features at Point Mugu – wetlands, beaches and dunes – to protect base facilities from the ocean.
California’s coast is perhaps its most renowned and valuable natural feature – one that has been preserved from privatization for 40 years by the groundbreaking California Coastal Act. The Coastal Act was enacted in response to a clarion call from a strong and diverse constituency that presaged the benefits to nature and people from coastal conservation, including the powerful economic engine the coast drives. However, sea level rise and other threats continue to place our coast at risk. The Coastal Act needs to change along with the shoreline.
In the absence of policy change, Californians will be spending more than $70 million every year to construct coastal barriers to address erosion and sea level rise—barriers that have the potential to do significant harm to remaining coastal habitats. The traditional approach of building seawalls as a line of defense is expensive, transfers the ocean wave energy to adjacent beaches and often harms the natural value of that coastline. Although seawalls are a useful tool in some places, science highlights the value of another approach: natural infrastructure. Natural infrastructure refers to using the very habitats that development is displacing—dunes, wetlands, estuaries and oyster reefs—to naturally buffer storm surges and protect coastal communities from sea level rise.
By using the best science and collaborating with major coastal landowners and managers – like the Navy – who control where and how development occurs, we can protect our remaining wetlands, and restore and create wetlands – allowing habitats to naturally migrate landward in response to sea level rise. We can also build the strong constituency necessary to drive policy change toward a framework will direct investment in coastal management toward natural infrastructure and future habitat protection, making shoreline armoring–with seawalls or structures–hard to do.
The California Coastal Program is striving to achieve No Net Loss of Coastal Habitat in the face of sea level rise. We are doing this by: (1) Producing cutting-edge science on coastal vulnerability to sea level rise and other stressors, developing specifications on Natural Infrastructure and other non-armoring approaches to reducing that vulnerability, and working with partners to integrate this science into decision-making; (2) Using TNC lands and leveraging local stakeholder relationships to show how land protection and restoration in the face of sea level rise can be accomplished; (3) Working with powerful coastal landowners to demonstrate how to protect their coastal assets using natural infrastructure and managed retreat to ensure coastal habitat into the future; (4) Using our science and powerful partnerships to generate support for a comprehensive update to the state’s coastal management policy.
Working strategically with major landowners, using the best science available, we are empowering decision makers to protect both nature and people across California’s iconic coastline and creating a model that can be exported around the world.