Boreal Forest Agreement: Striking an Accord for People and Nature

Historic Agreement Protects 178 Million Acres of Boreal Forest in Canada.

Nineteen timber companies and seven environmental organizations—including the Conservancy—have come together to break down barriers and build a new foundation for the protection of Canada's Boreal Forest.

The Agreement

At 1.3 billion acres, Canada’s boreal forest accounts for one-quarter of the intact, original forest remaining on Earth. To protect this vital landscape, the Conservancy has joined forces with a broad coalition of environmental organizations, industries, indigenous peoples and governments through the Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement.

The Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement (CBFA) is the largest agreement of its kind anywhere in the world, and is focused on finding solutions that work for people and nature across 178 million acres of boreal forest—an area twice the size of Germany.

Under the agreement, 19 timber companies have suspended logging operations on over 70 million forested acres to partner with environmental organizations, Indigenous peoples and provincial governments to create a win-win for people and nature. Together, we are developing guidelines for protected areas, forest management and sustainable logging practices.

Signed in 2010, this evergreen agreement is in effect until all goals have been met. To learn more about the agreement itself, visit


At 1.3 billion acres, Canada’s Boreal Forest accounts for one quarter of the intact, original forest remaining on Earth. Here, moose, wolves and bears roam the landscape alongside the iconic woodland caribou— a species at-risk in the boreal. The region is also the spring nursery for more than 3 billion migrating songbirds and its wetlands sustain 80% of the waterfowl species in North America.


The CBFA relies on science to guide actions on the ground. The Conservancy plays an important role in providing this science as we lend research and expertise to help shape national and regional conservation plans that focus on safeguarding woodland caribou, protecting high-value areas and improving forestry practices.

Through science-based assessments, agreement partners have identified priority landscapes (where to focus protection efforts) and ecological benchmarks (what successful protection will look like). Social sciences also play an integral part as stakeholders evaluate the potential impacts of conservation initiatives on jobs, wood supply and the economy.

Climate Change

Boreal forests provide a global buffer against climate change by capturing and holding 11 percent of the world’s carbon—more than twice that of any other terrestrial habitat. But with the highest rates of deforestation in the world, boreal forests are in danger.

The CBFA is helping to safeguard this vital carbon sink by protecting carbon-storing peatlands and soils over 178 million acres of Canadian Boreal Forest and developing sustainable, world-leading forest management practices that can improve the boreal’s ability to continue to store carbon.

Sustainable Forestry

Eighty-five percent of Canada’s southern Boreal Forest is allocated to forest product companies, and half of all paper products used in the U.S. originate from these forests. A vital economic driver, Canada’s timber industry is a leading employer across the country. The CBFA recognizes the value of this industry and seeks to balance the “twin pillars” of prosperity and conservation.

To help accomplish these goals, the Conservancy is partnering with stakeholders to provide science and expertise that supports timber companies in sustainably managing a landscape of working forests across the boreal. Together, we are protecting millions of acres while increasing the availability of sustainable wood and paper products in the marketplace. Through this agreement, Canada’s forest products companies are transforming into a leaner, greener industry.


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