Photo of a river in early-morning fog.
WV Wilderness Early morning sunlight filters though mist and forest along the Blackwater River as it flows through the Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge in West Virginia. © Kent Mason

Policy

Saving 30 By 2030

A call to conserve, restore and protect 30 percent of America’s lands and waters

Climate change and a wide range of human activities are impacting habitats at an unprecedented and unsustainable rate. These changes demand more than scaling up current efforts. A loss of biodiversity affects us all. Diminished fishing habitats hurt fishing communities. Forests at higher risk of wildfires not only threaten wildlife habitat but also livelihoods. The loss of diverse plants and animals threatens the outdoor recreation industry that supports millions of jobs and generates hundreds of billions in economic output across the United States.

To meet these challenges and so many others facing nature, the United States has committed to the goal of conserving, protecting or restoring 30 percent of its lands and waters by 2030.

There is no single strategy capable of accomplishing this goal. It will require an expansive approach that leverages science and collaboration with Indigenous peoples, landowners and others to deploy a full suite of conservation tools. To succeed requires better science and large-scale spatial planning to identify, conserve, restore and protect climate-resilient habitats. It must include sustainable resource management backed by robust public policies and funding to address systemic changes in different geographies and communities.

Critical Elements of the U.S. 30x30 Must Include:

  • Public protected areas, Indigenous lands and waters and working/private lands and waters.
  • A minimum protection of all ecosystem types.
  • Management to ensure that these lands and waters remain viable.
  • Durable policies and sustainable financing to secure protection commitments.
  • Processes must that engage communities, landowners, fishers, Indigenous peoples and others.

Paths and Tools for 30x30 in the United States

Protecting biodiversity has been core to The Nature Conservancy’s (TNC's) mission since its founding. Our science and experience have resulted in meaningful, lasting conservation successes, and 30x30 is a natural extension of that mission. Reaching 30x30 will take conserving, restoring and protecting lands, oceans and waters in a scientifically sound and collaborative manner. It also means avoiding the irreversible conversion of or unsustainable use of these lands and waters.

Working lands and waters have a critical role in meeting this goal. It will take working with all parties to enhance the restoration and management of existing lands, freshwater and ocean habitats. It will take strategies to facilitate federal, state, tribal and local efforts that are collaborative, connected and aligned to a national strategy. It will take investments in nature-based climate solutions and policies to reduce watershed, seascape and landscape degradation.

This effort will require prioritizing biodiversity protection in other sectors and ensuring the domestic 30x30 goals are harmonized with the international Convention on Biological Diversity negotiations. Accomplishing these goals will take significant coordination and funding. Congress should help convene and develop shared solutions for achieving these goals. It must also expand funding for these efforts, including doubling both domestic and international biodiversity funding by 2030. 

A map of the Lower 48 United States with shades of green delineating places of resilient and connected landscapes.
Iowa's Loess Hills The Resilient Lands Mapping Tool identifies climate-resilient places and the paths species will take to get there..

A Climate-Resilient Path for 30X30

A significant portion of this goal should be met with investments in the lands and waters that are most resilient to climate change and will allow plant and animal species to find new places to thrive away from growing climate threats.

Growing climate impacts are forcing plant and animal species to move an average of 11 miles north and 36 feet higher in elevation each decade to find more hospitable places to live. Unfortunately, more than half of U.S. lands and waters are fragmented by human development, blocking species’ movement.

TNC – working for the past 10 years with more than 150 scientists from the public and private sectors – has mapped a network of connected lands across the United States with unique topographies, geologies and other characteristics that make them resilient to climate change. The resulting Resilient Lands Mapping Tool identifies the most resilient lands across the nation that, if conserved, will allow species to move away from climate impacts and find new habitat.

The network covers 33 percent of the continental United States and is already being used by land trusts and government agencies across the country to develop local conservation plans. Along with protecting biodiversity, these resilient lands also support human communities by providing freshwater, outdoor industry jobs and other benefits. They also fight climate change by storing above average amounts of carbon.

The biodiversity and nature crises demand bold action. With the help of TNC’s trusted science and on-the-ground experience across the country and around the world, the United States can make significant progress in conserving the most important lands and waters over the next decade and enhancing collaborative private lands conservation. The future of nature, and people, depend on this collective action.

Photo of North Carolina longleaf pine forest.
Sand Hills Fire-managed longleaf habitat in the North Carolina Sandhills. © Jeff Marcus

CASE STUDY: A Climate Stronghold in North Carolina

In North Carolina, the Resilient Lands Mapping Tool was used by the Sandhills Conservation Partnership – a collaboration between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the North Carolina Forest Service, Fort Bragg, TNC and others – to expand their area of work to include the Uwharrie Mountains. Many longleaf-associated species such as the red-cockaded woodpecker have disappeared from the Uwharries due to a lack of fire management, but the Mapping Tool identified the area as being highly resilient to climate change due to its varying soils and topography. The Partnership expanded its work to include the Uwharries to ensure the area could provide safe homes in the future to the Sandhills’ wide diversity of species.