Start receiving our award-winning magazine today!



Albemarle Sound

Stretching from the rolling hills of the Piedmont to the Outer Banks, the Albemarle Sound watershed is a mosaic of coastal forests, southern rivers, and working farms harboring a rich diversity of wildlife and providing natural benefits to 2 million people. The sound itself is one of America's richest, most productive estuaries, with an economic impact of $1 billion annually from fishing and ecotourism. Encompassing some 6 million acres and a quarter of the commonwealth, this area remains 60 percent forested, helping to maintain high water quality feeding into the sound. 

History pervades these lands and waters. George Washington famously failed to tame the Great Dismal Swamp for farming, and the swamp would later offer refuge to people seeking freedom from slavery along the Underground Railroad. Farther inland along the Blackwater River, thousand-year-old bald cypress trees helped scientists unravel key parts of the mystery surrounding the demise of Jamestown.

The fates of both primeval wilderness and modern cities within the Albemarle Sound watershed are inextricably linked. Quality of life in Hampton Roads depends on clean water and air, food, wood products, and other natural resources. If we are to galvanize the support needed to fully conserve the lands and waters that provide these benefits, Virginians must understand and appreciate their value.

The Challenges
  • Potential surburban and energy development threaten forest habitat that produces drinking water for 2 million people.
  • Degraded wetlands and droughts spawn longer and more severe wildfires, which impair air quality and threaten public health in downwind communities.
  • The area ranks among the nation's most vulnerable to rising seas.
The Opportunities
  • Protecting and restoring large forested wetlands and freshwater systems will help maintain a healthy Albemarle Sound.
  • Restoring nearly a half-million acres of degraded peatland forests will provide critical habitat, while reducing the threat of severe wildfires.
Our Solutions

The Nature Conservancy has been working in the Albemarle Sound since the 1970s when we facilitated the first major corporate gift for conservation at the Great Dismal Swamp. We remain invested in this system's health, working in partnership with the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service to restore degraded wetlands.

Forest Conservation

  • We seek to purchase and protect an additional 1,000 acres of pine forest to expand our Piney Grove Preserve/Big Woods conservation area.
  • We work with partners to restore longleaf pine savannas and the rich diversity of life this globally rare habitat supports.
  • We demonstrate better ways to manage forests for the benefit of people and nature.
  • We serve as "nature's plumber" and "nature's lightning rod" by restoring forested wetlands and reducing wildfire risks.
What Sets Us Apart
  • The Nature Conservancy offers a multi-state, collaborative, non-confrontational approach a rare combination to address complex challenges.
  • We work at a scale that makes a difference in whole natural systems.
  • We apply sound science to our work and share it with partners, guiding them toward more informed and strategic decisions that will balance the needs of people and wildlife.
Urgent Needs



We’re Accountable

The Nature Conservancy makes careful use of your support.

More Ratings

x animal

Sign up for Nature eNews!

Sign Up for Nature e-News

Get our e-newsletter filled with eco-tips and info on the places you care about most.

Thank you for joining our online community!

We’ll be in touch soon with more Nature Conservancy news, updates and exciting stories.

Please leave this field empty

We respect your privacy. The Nature Conservancy will not sell, rent or exchange your e-mail address. Read our full privacy policy for more information. By submitting this form, you agree to the terms of use.