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  • The project T-shirt for a USFWS-led effort to remove three shipwrecks at the Palmyra Atoll and Kingman Reef National Wildlife Refuges, 1,000 miles south of Hawai’i.
  • The Hui Feng No. 1, a 121-foot Taiwanese trawler that grounded on the reef at Palmyra in 1991, was the source of the greatest damage.
  • The teak wood bow was all that remained of an unknown shipping vessel that ground on Kingman Reef in 2007.
  • The third shipwrecked vessel, a pontoon barge called ‘Rust Island,’ was used during World War II to dredge the shipping channel into Palmyra’s lagoons.
  • An underwater view of the Hui Feng lying on its side. The Taiwanese long-line fishing vessel weighed 618,350 pounds.
  • Iron leaching from Hui Feng fueled the growth of invasive corallimorph, which carpeted 740 acres of coral reef surrounding the vessel.
  • Heavy storm surf was one of the biggest challenges to removing the shipwreck on Kingman Reef.
  • Nearly a millions pounds of rusted iron and other debris were removed at Palmyra Atoll and Kingman Reef.
  • Before ‘Rust Island’ could be removed from Palmyra’s reefs, the clean-up crew had to clear all the vegetation growing on it.
  • The ‘Rust Island’ shipwreck disintegrated into small shale-like pieces. To remove it, crew members shoveled 277,800 pounds of debris into buckets and totes.
  • A 150-foot high crane lifted shipwreck debris onto a large barge that carried it back to the U.S. West Coast.
Removing Shipwrecks
Restoring Coral Reefs

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