Palmyra Atoll, a U.S. territory located 1,052 miles south of Hawai'i, is located in an area known as the intertropical convergence zone, where trade winds from the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere meet, just above the equator. As the winds meet, they create a phenomenon called the doldrums: light winds and lots of rain.
An atoll is a ring-like coral island with a lagoon. Palmyra was formed by coral growth on the rim of an ancient volcano. It has 680 acres of land with thick vegetation and 15,512 acres of pristine coral reefs, emerald islets and turquoise lagoons.