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  • The survival of the 'i'iwi is threatened by habitat destruction and avian diseases. Once common on all islands, it is now found only on Kauaʻi, Maui and Hawaiʻi Island.
  • Found only Maui, the critically endangered ‘ākohekohe, or crested honeycreeper, is one of Hawaii's largest nectar-feeding birds.
  • The ʻakepa is one of Hawaii’s smallest forest birds. Extinct on O’ahu and Maui, it is now found only in high-elevation, old-growth rainforest on Hawaiʻi Island. 
  • This small, finch-like bird is only found in high-elevation rainforests on Kaua'i. Recently listed as endangered, the ʻakekeʻe is down to fewer than 4,000 individuals.
  • An endangered thrush found only on Kauaʻi, the puaiohi inhabits a small 7.6-mile area of the Alakaʻi wilderness. It's population is a mere 200 to 300 individuals.
  • The ʻakiapōlāʻau uses its two-part beak to extract beetle grubs from large trees. Found only on Hawai'i Island, its population is an estimated 1,150 individuals.
  • Known as the guardian spirit of canoe makers in old Hawaiʻi, the ʻelepaio is still common on Kauaʻi and Hawaiʻi Island but exceedingly rare on Oʻahu.
  • The kiwikiu, or Maui parrotbill, is found only within a range of 19 square miles on the high windward slopes of Maui’s Mt. Haleakalā. Its population is a mere 500 individuals.
  • The ʻalalā, the islands’ only crow, once ranged widely on Hawaiʻi Island. But over the last 100 years it has suffered dramatic declines and is now extinct in the wild.
  • Threatened by avian diseases, the ʻakikiki is now found only in the high-altitude rainforests of Kauaʻi, where an estimated 1,500 individuals survive. 
  • The ‘alauahio, or Maui creeper, was once found on Lāna‘i and West Maui. Today, it can only been seen on the windward slopes of East Maui.  
  • The sub-alpine slopes of Mauna Kea are the last bastion for for the palila, a critically endangered honeycreeper that depends on the māmane tree for its survival.
Endangered Beauty
Portraits of Hawaii's Vanishing Forest Birds

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