So you think you’ve had some strange dates? This Valentine’s Day, The Nature Conservancy compiled the top 10 most unique examples of love in the wild.
"The drive to procreate can lead to some pretty wild behavior, especially out in nature," said Heather Tallis, lead scientist of The Nature Conservancy. “Nature’s ability to regenerate and grow – often under the most unusual conditions – is truly amazing."
Unfortunately, many of these creatures are at risk of disappearing forever because of habitat loss, climate change and other threats.
“Nature is eroding before our eyes,” said Tallis. “We need to act now to conserve the stage, and all the wonderful and bizarre players for the next generation to enjoy and appreciate. Dating may seem tough when you're young, but I want my son to know he's lucky that he's not being eaten by his girlfriend.”
Do these wild lovers remind you of anyone? (if so, you can send an e-card to a loved one!)
“Strut Your Stuff”
Male prairie chickens attract females with loud “booming” noises that can be heard miles away. They also perform an elaborate dance — lowering their heads, erecting their neck feathers, inflating orange air sacks, dropping their wings and pointing their tails, all while frantically stamping their feet. Listen to the boom and see a video of their dance
Deep Sea Anglerfish:
“Losing Yourself in Love”
Male anglerfish bite their mates and permanently fuse to their bodies. Over time, the male’s brain, eyes and organs dissolve until he turns into a small lump, releasing sperm whenever the female is ready to lay eggs. Scientists first thought the lumps were fins before discovering they were the males.
American Burying Beetle:
These beetles not only are monogamous but also raise their children together. Expectant parents bury dead birds or mice and lay eggs nearby. The parents lie on their backs and use their legs like a conveyor belt to move carcasses up to 200 times their own weight. Once hatched, larvae feed on the carcass or the parents rub their wings together to call the larvae and regurgitate meat into their mouths. Read about the planned reintroduction of the endangered beetle at Wah'Kon-Tah Prairie in Missouri
“The Bait and Switch”
Male mussels release sperm into the water, which females capture downstream. Larvae hatch inside the females’ shells but must then attach to a fish to grow. To lure fish, mother mussels wave appendages that look like worms, crayfish or other bait. Some emit a smell of rotting flesh to attract scavenger fish. When fish approach, the mussels shoot the larvae onto the fish. Read more about our work with mussels and watch a video
Lions: “One Track Mind”
When lions mate, the coupling usually lasts only about 20 seconds. But, the pair will repeat the act every 20 minutes or so – sometimes up to 40 times a day. This will continue for three to seven days straight, with the male and female neglecting to hunt or eat during the entire time. Learn more about the African lion
“Born to be Faithful”
Unlike most rodents prairie voles are monogamous. Scientists have discovered that prairie vole faithfulness is caused by hormone receptors located in their brain’s reward centers, giving them the sense of pleasure from monogamy. Read about other animals that mate for life
Bower Birds: “Bachelor Pads”
Male bowers of Australia and New Guinea build large and elaborate bachelor pads on forest floors, decorated with flowers, leaves, shells and even stolen coins – anything they think will attract a mate. Some paint the walls with chewed berries, others build lawns of moss. Drab males build the flashiest pads to compensate for their dull colors.
Male crickets bite holes in leafs to amplify their love songs and attract females. Once they mate, however, male sperm packets don’t fit inside the females’ bodies so a portion hangs out. The ever-ravenous females try to eat the packet before fertilization can occur. To distract her, the male sings and secretes a tasty goo from his back, feeding her until the eggs are fertilized. Listen to the cricket's song
Day Octopus: “Keep Your Distance”
Female day octopi are known to eat their partners after mating. When a male finds a female, he extends one arm and waves. If she responds, he uses his arm to place a sperm packet under the female’s body covering. The octopi stay at an arm’s length—appearing as though they are holding hands. Read about the Raja Ampat islands where the octopus and other amazing underwater creatures live
Little Brown Bats:
“Waiting for the Right Time”
Because these bats mate in the autumn — but hibernate during winter — females store sperm for seven months to delay pregnancy until springtime. While bats normally hang upside down, females stand upright to give birth and catch their babies in a membrane between their legs. Newborns cling to their mothers even during nighttime flights as they search for food. Read more about little brown bats in the Bat Diaries.