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Asian carp DNA not widespread in the Great Lakes

DNA from Asian carp has been found only in areas where Asian carp have been caught, i.e., Chicago area waterway and the western basin of Lake Erie.


April 04, 2013

SOUTH BEND, IND. – Scientists from the University of Notre Dame, The Nature Conservancy, and Central Michigan University presented their findings of Asian carp DNA throughout the Great Lakes in a study published in the Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. “The good news is that we have found no evidence that Asian carp are widespread in the Great Lakes basin, despite extensive surveys in Southern Lake Michigan and parts of lakes Erie and St Clair,” said Dr. Christopher Jerde, the paper’s lead author and a scientist at the University of Notre Dame, “Looking at the overall patterns of detections we remain convinced that the most likely source of Asian carp DNA is live fish.”

Some recent reports regarding environmental DNA have suggested that birds, boats, and other pathways, but not live fish, are spreading the bighead and silver carp DNA. Jerde points out, “It’s really very telling that the only places DNA has been recovered are where Asian carp have been captured. If birds and boats were commonly spreading the DNA, then we should be detecting DNA in other places we have surveyed in the Great Lakes.”

According to the USGS, in 2010 commercial fisherman captured a 20 lb. bighead carp in Lake Calumet, 30 miles above the electric barrier meant to block the advancing carp from the Illinois River. Lake Calumet is 7 miles of river away from Lake Michigan. Likewise, in 1995 and twice in 2000, USGS records indicate that bighead carp were captured in the western basin of Lake Erie. “It shouldn’t be surprising that we found evidence of Asian carp in these areas where Asian cap were already known to exist from captures,” said Lindsay Chadderton, co-author on the paper and Director of The Nature Conservancy’s Great Lakes Aquatic Invasive Species program.

This study builds upon a growing area of research to find invasive speices when they are at low abundance and when they can be potentially managed. Professor David Lodge, Director of the University of Notre Dame’s Environmental Change Initiative and author on the paper said, “Catching these fish by net, hook, or electrofishing is ineffective when the fish are at low abundance – that’s why we were asked to deploy this eDNA approach in the first place. If we wait for the tell-tale signs of Asian carp jumping out of the water, then we are likely too late to prevent the damages. Environmental DNA allows for us to detect their presence before the fish became widespread.”

Dr. Andrew Mahon, co-author and Assistant Professor at Central Michigan University, said “when we first discovered DNA from Asian carp at the Calumet Harbor and Port of Chicago, we were concerned that Asian carp may already be widespread in the Great Lakes. But because of our collaborations with State and Federal partners, we now have a better picture of the Asian carp distribution, and we are optimistic that with continued vigilance, it will be possible to prevent Asian carp becoming established in the Great Lakes.”

This work is part of a Great Lakes Restoration Initiative project funded through the US Fish and Wildlife Service to help develop a program of invasive species surveillance of the Great Lakes. This research grew out of a formal partnership between the University of Notre Dame and The Nature Conservancy, one of the world’s largest and most established conservation organizations. The mission of Notre Dame’s Environmental Change Initiative is to conduct innovative research that helps to solve complex environmental problems regarding invasive species, land use, and climate change, focusing on their impacts on water resources.

The Nature Conservancy is a leading conservation organization working to protect the most ecologically important lands and waters around the world for nature and people. Visit their website for more information or to watch a video. The Notre Dame-TNC partnership is designed to develop science-based solutions to environmental problems.

The Institute for Great Lakes Research (IGLR) at Central Michigan University is committed to promoting and facilitating collaborative research and education on the Great Lakes. IGLR partners with other institutions and agencies to leverage our expertise and training and takes a multidisciplinary approach to understanding the complex environmental issues affecting the Great Lakes basin.

The Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences (CJFAS) is one of the world’s top fisheries journals and is primary publishing vehicle for the multidisciplinary field of aquatic sciences. It publishes perspectives, discussions, articles, and rapid communications, relating to current research on cells, organisms, populations, ecosystems, or processes that affect aquatic systems. The journal seeks to amplify, modify, question, or redirect accumulated knowledge in the field of fisheries and aquatic sciences. CJFAS is published by Canadian Science Publishing and is part of the prestigious NRC Research Press journal collection. (Disclaimer: Canadian Science Publishing (CSP) publishes the NRC Research Press journals but is not affiliated with the National Research Council of Canada (NRC). Papers published by CSP are peer-reviewed by experts in their field. The views of the authors in no way reflect the opinions of CSP or the NRC. Requests for commentary about the contents of any study should be directed to the authors.)
 


The Nature Conservancy is a leading conservation organization working around the world to conserve the lands and waters on which all life depends. The Conservancy and its more than 1 million members have protected nearly 120 million acres worldwide. Visit The Nature Conservancy on the Web at www.nature.org

Contact information

Dr. Christopher Jerde
Research Assistant Professor, Environmental Change Initiative, University of Notre Dame
(574) 217-0267
cjerde@nd.edu


W. Lindsay Chadderton
Director Great Lakes Aquatic Invasive Species Program of The Nature Conservancy
(574) 217-0262
lchadderton@tnc.org

Related Links

  • eDNA Tool Validated: A new research paper published in the Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences describes the effectiveness of aquatic testing.

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