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The Nature Conservancy in Africa

African Elephants

African elephants live in a wide variety of habitats ranging from the deserts of Namibia to the forests of Congo to the grassy savannas of Kenya and Tanzania. © Kenneth K. Coe

The African elephant is the largest of Earth’s living land mammals. A fully grown adult reaches a height of 10 to 13 feet. © Kenneth K. Coe

Elephants form deep family bonds and live in tight matriarchal family groups. When a calf is born, it is raised and protected by the whole herd. Young elephants stay with their families for many years. © Anand Mishra/TNC

An elephant spends the majority of its day eating -- 16 hours to be exact! Elephants are herbivores and can consume up to 300 pounds of food in a single day. © Emily Whitted/TNC

Elephants have very small eyes, but who needs good eyesight when you have the largest brain in the animal kingdom? © Brian Richter/TNC

Tusks grow for most of an elephant’s lifetime and are an indicator of age. Despite bans on international sales of ivory, elephants are still being poached because market demand for ivory remains high. © Gwynn Crichton/TNC

The sun is strong in Africa, so to cool off, elephants use their trunks to squirt water on their bodies. Elephants also use their trunks as snorkels when they wade into rivers, like the Zambezi River pictured here. © Brian Richter/TNC

Elephants also use their enormous ears to control their body temperature and keep cool in Africa’s hot climate. © Emily Whitted/TNC

The Nature Conservancy is working with established local partners to protect large, mostly intact landscapes that support large mammal migrations and rare species. Securing wildlife corridors means more protected habitat for African elephants. © Timothy Boucher/TNC

To learn about The Nature Conservancy’s Africa Program, please visit nature.org/africa. © Suzi Eszterhas

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