The Nature Conservancy today transferred ownership of the majority of their Elkhorn Slough land holdings (750 acres) to the Elkhorn Slough Foundation for continued conservation management. This is the largest single transfer of conservation lands in the history of Elkhorn Slough and cements the Elkhorn Slough Foundation as a significant conservation leader and land trust in the central Bay Area.
“The collaboration that evolved from the Conservancy and Elkhorn Slough Foundation’s efforts are a model of cooperative conservation, tackling 21st century issues including large-scale estuary management, restoration and climate change,” said Laura Smith, central coast project manager, The Nature Conservancy.
Elkhorn Slough is an estuary—where fresh water meets salt water—which stretches seven miles inland from Monterey Bay. The mouth of the slough opens to the head of the Monterey Submarine Canyon—the deepest oceanic trench along the Pacific coast. This is one of the few places anywhere in the world where in the span of five miles you can go from rare maritime chaparral on rocky ridgetops to the deep sea. It is home to a rich array of wildlife and plants and has been designated a Globally Important Bird Area by the National Audubon Society and the American Bird Conservancy. The largest concentration of southern sea otters resides in the lower reaches of the slough, and oak woodlands crown the surrounding hillsides.
Elkhorn Slough is also one of California’s few remaining tidal wetlands, one of the most productive habitats in the world. But these coastal environments are also among the most endangered. In California, nearly 90 percent have been destroyed.
In 1971, to protect Elkhorn Slough from major development, The Nature Conservancy purchased the first wetlands there for conservation.
Public and private partners continued to acquire wetland and upland areas leading to the designation of the Elkhorn Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve in 1979. Prior to this current transfer, the Conservancy owned more than 850 acres in the Elkhorn Slough watershed. The Elkhorn Slough Foundation provided on-site management of those lands along with their ownership of 2,800 acres. The Elkhorn Slough Reserve, managed by the California Department of Fish and Game in cooperation with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, protects 1,740 acres, and another 728 acres are conserved as the Moss Landing State Wildlife Area. Other conservation lands are managed by the Department of Parks and Recreation, the Moss Landing Harbor District and the Monterey County Parks Department. These combined efforts have conserved more than 6,000 acres of key properties in the Elkhorn watershed.
“The Nature Conservancy has been a catalyst for increasing the scale and effectiveness of conservation at Elkhorn Slough,” said Steve Webster, board president, the Elkhorn Slough Foundation. “Over the past decade, the Foundation has taken on responsibility for direct conservation acquisition and habitat restoration on a watershed scale with strong support from the Conservancy.”
Relatively undeveloped, large landscapes like the Elkhorn Slough watershed, which reaches from the uplands to the coast, promote healthy wildlife by allowing movement and adaptation over wide areas.
Elkhorn Slough offers inspiring educational and recreational opportunities and attracts tens of thousands of visitors each year. In addition, students of all ages experience and connect with the natural world through an array of popular educational programs, such as the Elkhorn Slough Reserve’s Coastal Training Program and K-12 school programs.
With active community support, the Elkhorn Slough Reserve volunteer program has contributed thousands of hours to slough conservation. From the Conservancy’s early efforts to conserve tracts of land to the establishment of the Elkhorn Slough Reserve and the rise of the Elkhorn Slough Foundation as a strong local land trust, these efforts reflect the evolution of conservation on the central coast. Today, Elkhorn Slough is a hub of cutting-edge conservation research, outdoor education and public access for recreation.
“The partnerships sparked by The Nature Conservancy and the Elkhorn Slough Foundation's investment in the slough have created an exceptional place on the central coast where nature and people intersect in a positive and productive way,” said Mark Silberstein, the Foundation’s executive director. “We are pleased with our close collaboration with the Conservancy and welcome the opportunity to continue this vital conservation work.”
“Our shared vision is to ensure that the needs of people and nature are balanced and that the extraordinary natural values represented by the slough persist for generations to come,” said Mike Sweeney, executive director, The Nature Conservancy, California. “The Elkhorn Slough Foundation will help protect this legacy.”
The Nature Conservancy is a leading conservation organization working around the world to protect ecologically important lands and waters for nature and people. The Conservancy and its more than 1 million members have protected nearly 120 million acres worldwide. Visit The Nature Conservancy on the Web at www.nature.org.