Bipartisan Wildfire Disaster Funding Included in President Obama’s FY15 Budget

President Obama followed the lead of bipartisan legislation to resolve fire disaster funding inefficiencies in the release of his FY15 budget

Arlington, VA | March 04, 2014

Today President Obama followed the lead of bipartisan legislation to resolve fire disaster funding inefficiencies in the release of his FY15 budget. The Wildfire Disaster Funding Act seeks to improve the way the USDA Forest Service and Department of the Interior funds the response to emergency fires, a response to the explosive growth of megafires experienced by much of the West since the turn of the century.

Representatives Simpson (R-ID) and Schrader (D-OR) introduced the Wildfire Disaster Funding Act of 2014 (H.R. 3992) on February 6, 2014. Senators Wyden (D-OR) and Crapo (R-ID) first introduced the Act in the waning days of 2013 (S. 1875).

An incredibly broad spectrum of 160 of conservation, timber, tribal, recreation, sportsmen, ranching and employer groups support the bipartisan Wildfire Disaster Funding Act.

What the Wildfire Disaster Funding Act (WFDA) would do:
This bill ensures funding for both wildfire first responders and for land managers who care for public forests and streams. For the first time it would create an emergency funding process for fire response, mirroring the funding mechanism FEMA depends on to respond to other natural disasters. This structure would significantly reduce “borrowing” from other USDA Forest Service (USFS) and Department of the Interior (DOI) programs, which disrupts a wide variety of projects, some of which help reduce the risk and costs of future megafires.

When the USFS and DOI wildfire suppression expenses exceed 70% of the 10-year average, WDFA would provide funding from disaster funding sources (similar to FEMA). This would likely eliminate the need to transfer funds from non-fire suppression accounts when fire suppression funds run out.

• Currently USFS and DOI are the only agencies required to pay for natural disaster response out of their annual discretionary budgets.
• Since 2000 these agencies have run out of money to fight emergency fires 8 times.
• In the last two years more than $1 billion was “borrowed” from Forest Service programs to cover fire suppression shortfalls.

Many factors contribute to the increase in wildfire frequency and severity, including changes in climate, build-up of hazardous fuels, and increasing populations in the wildland urban interface. This past decade fires have burned 50% more land than in the previous four decades; the fire season has expanded by two months; and the average size of fires has increased by a factor of five since the 1970s. The frequency and severity of these wildfires need to be matched by significant levels of funding to protect people, water, and wildlife.

“Following Congress’s bipartisan lead, the President is recognizing the need to ensure we efficiently and responsibly fund both fire suppression and the forest restoration projects that support our lives and livelihoods,” said Cecilia Clavet, Senior Policy Advisor on Fire and Forest Restoration for The Nature Conservancy. “The incredibly broad spectrum of groups supporting this legislation clearly demonstrates this is not a partisan issue, but one that affects the health of people, water, and wildlife.”

“We need establish a long-term solution for fire suppression funding that will finally end the senseless series of fire transfers and guarantee firefighters adequate resources to protect our communities and lands,” said Darrel L. Kenops, Executive Director of National Association of Forest Service Retirees.

“We need an approach to fire suppression funding which lets Forest Service manage the Forests, instead of constantly moving funding to emergency suppression needs. Wildfire costs and fire borrowing disrupts forest management and other key programs”, said Bill Imbergamo, Executive Director of the Federal Forest Resources Coalition. The President’s budget follows the bi-partisan lead provided by Congressmen Simpson and Schrader, as well as Senators Wyden and Crapo. This is good government and responsible budgeting. Anyone who cares about our National Forests should get behind this bill.”

“Important USDA Forest Service programs can be and are significantly impacted by fire transfers, including the Land and Water Conservation Fund, urban and community forestry, roads and trail maintenance, wildlife, recreation” said Rebecca Turner, Senior Director of Programs and Policy of American Forests, “including the very programs that would reduce wildfire risk, like State Fire Assistance and restoration. This new proposed mechanism will help stop this from happening.”

“The practice of transferring funds from non-fire programs has undermined the agencies’ ability to help sustainably manage the nation’s forests,” said Chris Maisch, Alaska State Forester and President of the National Association of State Foresters. “State foresters believe this new approach is needed to enable the USFS and DOI to deliver on their missions and implement needed forest management activities on all of America’s forests, both public and private. Our forests deliver many essential benefits to society such as wood products, jobs, clean air and water, and wildlife habitat; but these benefits are at risk if we don’t take action to stop the destructive cycle of fire transfers.”

“The Wildfire Disaster Funding Act is the kind of common-sense approach we need to address the well-being of our public lands,” added John Audley, President of Sustainable Northwest. “By treating wildfire like the natural disaster it is, this bill will end the troubling cycle of fire funding transfers, give federal agencies greater certainty in land management planning, and ensure that forest restoration funds are used for the purposes they were intended.”

“Many people may associate wildfire funding with America’s publically owned forests, but the truth is transfers from non-fire accounts the past several years have significantly affected America's family owned forests, too,” shared Tom Martin, President and CEO of the American Forest Foundation. “The 22 million family forest owners, who make up the largest forest ownership group in the United States, rely on critical Forest Service program resources that have been affected by program cuts due to this budgeting problem.”

“Healthy forest ecosystems are a long-term investment that require meaningful and consistent contributions. This legislation provides the stability our federal foresters and their partners need to implement plans aimed at accelerating the pace and scale of management activities to improve forest health and resilience,” said Society of American Foresters' President, Dave Walters.

The Nature Conservancy is a leading conservation organization working around the world to conserve the lands and waters on which all life depends. Visit The Nature Conservancy on the web at To learn about the Conservancy’s global initiatives, visit To keep up with current Conservancy news, follow @nature_press on Twitter.

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Jon Schwedler


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